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TREES  

ORDERED BY THEIR

DATES   OF INTRODUCTION

To Great Britain

 

Name                                   Height Origin     Date

Sycamore/Plane                  21/30   Europe   ancient

Chestnut                              25/30   Europe   Roman

Holm Oak                            18/25   Europe   [1540]

"Oriental" Plane                 25/30   Europe   [1550]

Horse Chestnut                   18/30   Greece   [1620]

Larch                                   28/35   Europe   [1620]

Norwegian Spruce               28/30   Europe   [1640]

Lebanon Cedar                   25/33   Turkey   1670

European Silver Fir             30/35   Europe   1680

Box Elder                            6/12     NAm      1688

Norway Maple                    18/21   Europe   [1670]

Eastern hemlock                 18/28   NAm      [1720]

White Ash                            25/38   NAm      1724

Silver Maple                       25/30   NAm      1725

Sugar Maple                       15/21   NAm      1735

River Birch                          9/15     NAm      1736

Lombardy Poplar                28/30   Italy       [1730]

London plane                       28/35   Hybrid    [1740]

Paper Birch                         15/18   NAm      1750

Tree of Heaven                   18/25   China     1751

Maidenhair/Ginkgo            15/25   China     1758

Filbert                                  3/6       Europe   1759

Purple Beech                       21/30   Switz       1760

European White Lime         21/30   Europe  1767

Grey Alder                          15/18   Europe   1780

Rhododendron                     2/6       Asia        1780

Italian Alder                        18/25   SItaly     1820

Oregon Maple                     18/25   NAm      1827

Deodar Cedar                     28/33   E Asia    1831

Noble Fir                             30/37   NAm      1831

Giant Fir                              30/45   NAm      1832

Monterey Pine                    25/30   Europe   1833

Cappadocian Maple            15/18   Asia        1838

Monterey Cypress              18/28   NAm      1838

Atlas Cedar                         25/33   NAfrica 1840

Southern Beech                   25/30   SAm       1849

Indian Horse Chestnut       15/25   India       1851

Western red Cedar             18/38   NAm      1853

Lawson's Cypress               25/30   NAm      1854

Red Alder                            12/18   NAm      1880

Japanese Horse Chestnut  15/25   Japan     1880

Ermine Birch                       15/25   Asia        1890

Western hemlock                30/60   NAm      1892

 

A study of the layout of trees on an Historical Estate

will reveal the original layout of the gardens and woods, as well as pathways.

Contemporary Drawings can also help to identify trees planted.

The above list will assist in assessing the earliest possible dates of these layouts.

 

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