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World War I Draft Registration Cards

Registrant

    Childers, Halbert
    Daly, Bernard
    Davis, George Lloyd
    French, Edward Steele
    French, Robert Thomas
    Hall, Joseph Lindsay
    Hickey, Everett W.
    Hickey, Harvey Pleas
    Karr, William Andrew
    Moses, Grover King


The Selective Service Act or Selective Draft Act (Pub.L. 6512, 40 Stat. 76, enacted May 18, 1917)
authorized the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I
through conscription. It was envisioned in December 1916 and brought to President Woodrow Wilson's
attention shortly after the break in relations with Germany in February 1917. The Act itself was drafted by
then-Captain (later Brigadier General) Hugh Johnson after the United States entered World War I by
declaring war on Germany. The Act was canceled with the end of the war in November, 1918. The Act was
upheld by the United States Supreme Court in the Selective Draft Law Cases in 1918, a decision based partially
on Vattel's The Law of Nations of 1758. During World War I there were three registrations. [1] The first, on
June 5, 1917, was for all men between the ages of 21 and 31. The second, on June 5, 1918, registered those
who attained age 21 after June 5, 1917. A supplemental registration, included in the second registration, was
held on August 24, 1918, for those becoming 21 years old after June 5, 1918. The third registration was held
on September 12, 1918, for men age 18 through 45. The act was upheld by the United States Supreme Court in
the Selective Draft Law Cases, 245 U.S. 366 (1918). The Solicitor General's argument, and the court's opinion,
were based primarily on Kneedler v. Lane, 45 Pa. 238, 252 (1863), and Vattel's The Law of Nations (1758).
After the signing of the armistice of November 11, 1918, the activities of the Selective Service System were
rapidly curtailed. On March 31, 1919, all local, district, and medical advisory boards were closed, and on
May 21, 1919, the last state headquarters closed operations. The Provost Marshal General was relieved from
duty on July 15, 1919, thereby finally terminating the activities of the Selective Service System of World War I.

Source: From Wikipedia




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