W A L K E F A M I L Y SCRAPBOOK C. W. Tazewell, Jr. (ed.) 1 9 8 2 D R A F TWalke Family Forum | Ferry Tidings Vol. 7 No. 2
C O N T E N T S (Page Numbers Refer to Printed Version) Preface . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Yeardley . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Thoroughgood . . . . . . . . . 7 Thoroughgood Tercentenary . . . . . 13 Walke . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Mason . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Walke Genealogy . . . . . . . . 32 Lewis Walke Visit . . . . . . . 37 History of Newtown . . . . . . . 53 Henry Walke Private Record Henry Walke Biography Bibliography ("Coming") P R E F A C E This is another of the family "Scrapbooks," which also cover the Tazewell, Littleton, Parks, Goode and Bradford families. My paternal grandmother was a member of the Walke family. It is an anthology and collection of information of all kinds on the Walke Family including collateral Walke relatives and ancestral families. Among these are Yeardley, Thoroughgood, Bacon, Burwell, Calvert, Mason, Moseley, Colley, and Willoughby Calvert Walke Tazewell Virginia Beach, Va. December 1982 Revised October 1988 YEARDLEY GENEALOGY Next of Kin to Sir George Yeardley, One of the Ablest and Most Popular of Virginia's Colonial Governors. (From The Richmond Times Dispatch, Nov. 8 1908) There is no more picturesque figure on the early American stage than Sir George Yeardley. He was soldier in the English Army before he came to Virginia, having served with the English forces in the "Low Countries." He was the son of a merchant tailor and came to Virginia in 1609. He was elected Governor in 1618. He was the first Governor of Virginia who had been a planter and gained practical experience thereby of Virginia's resources. During the year of his elevation to the office of Governor of Virginia Sir Walter Raleigh and the old chieftain, Powhatan died. Another occurrence of his period was the transportation in 1619 of the first Negroes to Virginia, and George Yeardley summoned the first assemblage of representatives of the people ever held on the American continent. He was an intrepid Indian fighter, and from the moment of his accession to the governorship the real life of Virginia began. He was knighted in 1618 and he married Temperance West, who had come to Virginia in the Falcon a few months before he husband came in the Deliverance the same year, 1610. So indelibly did Sir George Yeardley make an impression upon the growth and prosperity of Virginia, so courageous and wise in administration was he, that an unusual interest centers upon his next of kin. Who in Virginia now can claim descent from George Yeardley? It is an easy matter to mention those who bear today the surname Yeardley, for there are none. George Yeardley had three children - Elizabeth, Argall and Francis. Elizabeth Yeardley was the girl of Jamestown, one of the first Anglo-Saxon maidens mentioned. If she ever married, she did not live in America, for no trace of any descendant of hers can be found. Argall Yeardley (2), eldest son and heir of Sir George and Lady Temperance, was born about 1621, and married about 1640, wife unknown. She died early and he married Anne Custis of Rotterdam. His children were Argall (3), Edmund (3), Rose (3), Henry (3) and Francis (3). The names of Edmund and Henry disappear from the records of the Eastern Shore when they were mere boys. Argall (2) Yeardley was a member of the Council and was appointed Commander of "Accomac," then comprising all of the Eastern Shore. His plantation was called Yeardley. Francis (2) Yeardley, youngest son of Sir George and Lady Temperance was a brave soldier. He and his brother, Argall, were Royalists during the parliamentary struggles. Francis (2) Yeardley was appointed captain of militia during the Indian scare whne he was only twenty-one years old. He married Sarah Offley of London. She first married Adam Thoroughgood, and second Captain Gookin. Francis (2) Yeardley was her third husband. They had no children, so you see all descendants of Sir George Yeardley came through his eldest son, Argall, and only Argall (3), Rose (3), and Frances (3) who married Colonel Adam Thoroughgood, son of Adam Thoroughgood and Sarah Offley. Argall (3), son and heir of Argall (2), married Sarah Michael (daughter of John Michael, of the commission of Northampton and Elizabeth Thoroughgood, his wife) and had Argall (4) (Died young), John (1) (died young), Elizabeth (4) who married George Harmonson, Sarah (4) who married John Powell,and Frances (4) who married John West. From Elizabeth, Sarah and Frances come all the descendants of Argall (3) Yeardley. The Yeardley name only extnded to the third generation -- the line only exists through George Yeardley's great-granddaughters. Benjamin (6) Harmonson married Elizabeth, and had Katherine (7), who married ---- Justice; Elisha (7), who married --- Kendall; Elizabeth (7), who married --- Kendall also, and John (7) Kendall. George (?) Harmonson married Hannah and had Suzanna (7) Harmonson, born in 1755, who married Dr. John Winder of Somerset County, Maryland in 1783, and had John (8) Harmonson Winder, who married Comfort Quinton Gore, and had Lawretta (9); Anne, who married Thomas Littleton Savage, no children; Charlotte (9); Louise, who married William P. Nottingham, and had one child, Comfort (10); Quinton Gore Notttingham, who married Robinson Nottingham, no issue; and Susan (9) Comfort Winder, who married Dr. Robert Major Garrett of Williamsburg. These are the parents of the Garretts of Williamsburg, who are tenth in descent from George Yeardley, Knight, Governor of Virginia. "Yeardley" was the seat of Argall Yeardley on the Eastern Shore. It was kept in the family for generations, and old furniture and pictures from this estate now adorn the beautiful home of the Garretts of Williamsburg. THE FIRST ENGLISH SETTLEMENT * * * Flower de Hundred is another old place on the river, and no one seems able satisfactorily to explain the name. The first owner, Sir Geroge Yeardley, was that Governor of Virginia who called and presided over the first free legislature that ever met in the American colonies, the Assembly of 1619, held in the old church at Jamestown. His nephew, Edmund Rossingham, and John Jefferson, ancestor of the president, represented Flower de Hundred in this Assembly. The Governor lived in Jamestown, but in 1621 he built on this plantation the first windmill in America. Here in 1622 six people were murdered by the Indians, the property was sold, and then changed hands several times until in 1725 it was purchased by Joseph Poythress and has remained in the family ever since. The oldest part of the present house was built more than a hundred years ago by John Vaughn Wilcox, who married the widow, Susan Peachy Poythress. This was a small building of but three rooms, and was used by Wilcox when he came to superintend the planting of the land. His son finished the present building. In June 1864, General Grant, on his march to Petersburg, crossed the river here. His men did much damage to the old house, hacking magnificent mahogany woodwork and furniture, tearing up floors and smashing marble. From Historic Houses of Early America, by Elise Lathrop. NY: Tudor Publishing Co., 1941. FLOWERDEW HUNDRED WINDMILL --Located off Route 110 in Prince George County. The 18th century style windmill at Flowerdew Hundred Plantation was designed and constructed by a well-known English millwright. Located on a hill just above the site of the 1621 windmill, like its ancestor, the new windmill is a post mill. The two wooden gears fixed to a windshaft drive two pairs of millstones which grind wheat, corn, barley and oats. Archeological investigations of the early 17th century English settlement are in progress on the property. Mr. and Mrs. David A. Harriison, owners. A Virginia Historic Landmark and National Historic Landmark. T H O R O G O O D Captain Adam Thorogood was the son of William and Ann Edwards Thorogood. He married Saeah, the daughter of Robert and Anne (Osborne) Offley April 16, 1609., and died in Virginia in 1645. Their son, Lieut. Col., Adam Thorogood (Burgess 1666), married Frances Yeardley, youngest daughter of Col. Argall Yeardley (Burgess 1666). Their son, John Thorogood, married Margaret Lawson, daughter of Col. Anthony Lawson, and married second, Margaret Sayer. John Thorogood, son of John Thorogood and Margaret Lawson (died 1719), married Pembroke Fowler, daughter of George Fowler and Mary Sidney. Their daughter, Margaret Thorogood, married Thomas Walke. Margaret Walke, daughter of Thomas Walke and Margaret Thorogood Walke, married John Calvert, son of the emigrant Cornelius Calvert. Thomas Walke, the first of the name in Virginia, came to Lower Norfolk County from Barbadoes. In 1662 a patent for 300 acres of land was granted him by the Provincial Governor, Lord Howard of Effingham, and is now in the possession of his descendants in Chillicothe, Ohio. In the State Land Registry Office we find the following: Thomas Walke, 195 acres on the south side of Elizabeth River, Norfolk county, granted by Sir Edmond Andros, April 29, 1693, Book No. 8, page 308. He was Justice of the county 1715-1718. (Source not known) LINE OF DESCENT FROM ADAM THOROUGHGOOD Calvert Walke Tazewell, John Parks Tazewell and Sophie Tazewell Hawkes are the children of: Calvert Walke Tazewell (1888-1962) and Sophie Parks Goode (1890-1976). He was the son of: Littleton Waller Tazewell (Bradford) (1848-1918) and Mary Louisa Walke (1856-1923). She was the daughter of: Richard Walke (1812-c1871) and Mary Diana Talbot (-1839). He was the son of: William Walke (1786-1882) and Elizabeth Nash (-1850). He was the son of: William Walke (1762-1795) and Mary Calvert (-1798). He was the son of: Anthony Walke (1726-1782) and Mary Moseley (-1795). He was the son of: Anthony Walke (1692-1768) and Anna Lee Armistead (-1732). He was the son of: Thomas Walke (-1693/4) and Mary Lawson. He emigrated from Barbadoes in 1662. * * * Mary Calvert was the daughter of: Cornelius Calvert (1725-1804/5) and Elizabeth Thoroughgood. He was the son of: Cornelius Calvert (-1747) and Mary Saunders. * * * Elizabeth Thoroughgood was the daughter of: John Thoroughgood (-1757) and Elzabeth Mason. He was the son of: John Thoroughgood (-1718) and Pembroke Sayer. He was the son of: John Thoroughgood (-1701) and Margaret Lawson. He was the son of: Adam Thoroughgood and Frances Yeardley. He was the son of: Adam Thoroughgood (1602-1640) and Sarah Offley (bap. 1609, d. 1657). He was the son of: Rev. William Thoroughgood and Anne Edwards. He was the son of: John Thoroughgood and ? Luckin. He was the son of: John Thoroughgood and ?. He was the son of: Thomas Thoroughgood and ?. He was the son of: John Thoroughgood and ?. * * * Frances Yeardley was the daughter of: Argoll Yeardley and Ann Custis. He was the son of: Sir George Yeardley (1589-1627) and Temperance Flowerdieu (1587- ). He was the son of Ralph Yeardley and Rhoda Marston. He emigrated to Virginia in May 1610, and was governor 1616-1627. (From "Tazewell Genealogy" by C. W. Tazewell, Sr., and other sources) In History of Lower Tidewater Virginia Rogers Dey Whichard writes a brief account of the first two generations of Thoroughgood descendants and the interesting seventeenth century house which bears the Thoroughgood name. Adam Thoroughgood died in 1640, at the age of thirty-five, and his will was probated on April 27, 1640, in the Quarter Court at James City instead of in the inferior Lower Norfolk County Court as was customary. This raises a point that he may have died in Jamestown while attending a Council session. In view of his importance as a Council member, probate in the Quarter Court (which was the Council) would have been perfectly natural. Sarah Thoroughgood, his wife, was named executrix in his will and inherited, among other things, the Manor House Plantation for life. His son Adam inherited the rest of his father's houses and lands in Virginia. The Manor House Plantation was to go to his son Adam on the death of Sarah. Adam Thoroughgood also bequeathed 1,000 pounds of tobacco to the Lynnhaven Parish Church to buy "some necessary and decent ornaments," and directed that he be buried in the churchyard at Church Point beside some of his children already interred there. Captain Thomas Willoughby and Henry Sewell were designated as "overseers" of the execution of his will in Virgina. Sarah Thoroughgood already had remarried prior to April 15, 1641. The widow's new husband was Captain John Gookin, the son of Daniel Gookin of the plantation at Marie's Mount, near Newport News. Probably was a result of having married the influential widow, Captain Gookin assumed positionin the comunity and soon became commander and presiding justice of Lower Norfolk County. Gookin died in 1643. His widow was appointed administratrix of his estate. However, the widow Sarah apparently was not inconsolable for very long; in 1647, she married Colonel Francis Yeardley, son of the former Governor. Although Colonel Yeardley had extensive land holdings on the Eastern Shore, he, like the late Captain Gookin, came to reside at the Thoroughgood's Manor House Plantation with Sarah. Sara's eldest son, Adam Thoroughgood found himself in the midst of a complicated family relationship. When he reached manhood about 1646, he married Frances, the daughter of Argoll Yeardley and granddaughter of the former colonial governor, Sir George Yeardley. His stepfather Colonel Francis Yeardley was his wife's uncle. Colonel Yeardley died in 1655, and two years later in August, 1657, the thrice-widowed Sarah died. At her death Mistress Thoroughgood Gookin Yeardley requested that she be buried next to her second hiusband Captain John Gookin. She also requested that her best diamond necklace be sold in England to pay for six diamond rings [probably mourning rings] and two black tombstones as was indicated in a receipt for and agreement to sell the necklace executed by Nicholas Trott, merchant on February 1, 1658. Her armorial tombstone was still visible at Church Point as late as 1819 when its inscription was published in a Richmond newspaper. Many stories are told about Mistress Sarah. It is said that at a Lower Noroflk Court held at William Shipp's on August 3, 1640, the wife of a vestryman made insuations as to sharp busienss practices on the part of the late Captain Thoroughgood, at which the widow Sarah exclaimed, "Why, Goody Layton, could you never get yours?" (referring to a cancelled note which had been paid.) Goody Layton flounced around and cried, "Pish!" To which Mistress Sarah replied, "You must not think to put off with a `pish!' for if you have wronged him you must answer for it, for though he is dead I am here in his behalf to right him." Goody Layton was ordered by the court to ask Mistress Sarah's forgiveness on her knees, both in court and the following Sunday in the Parish Church at Lynnhaven. Four years later on October 8, 1644, two excessively exuberant young men were tried in Quarter Court at James City for making insulting remarks concerning the late Captain's daugher, Sarah. One of them was sentenced to receive fifty lashes on his bare back and to ask forgiveness of the widow Sarah in the Lynnhaven Parish Church, as well as pay her court costs. Meantime, Sarah's son, Adam Thoroughgood, who came to be known as "Colonel," had raised quite a family of his own: Argoll, John, Adam III, Francis, Robert and Rose. Upon his mother's death in 1657, he finally came into his complete inheritance and undoubtably moved his large family into the Manor House Plantation which his mother Sarah had occupied. The house, in which he had lived since his marriage, may well have been the Adam Thoroughgood House still standing today. Whe the "Colonel" made his will in 1679, he provided for his wife, as his father had done, by leaving her the Manor Hopuse Plantation and 600 acres for life. Upon her death the plantation wuld go to his eldest son, Argoll. The remainder of his land and houses were to be divided in equal parts, one for each of the sons according to their choice in order of seniority. Colonel Adam Thoroughgood died in 1685/6. The Manor House Plantation, built by Adam Thoroughgood --by 1639 -- and inherited by his son Adam and by the latters eldest son Argoll, is not the present day Adam Thoroughgood House. The Thoroughgood House was probably built by "Colonel" Adam Thoroughgood at the time of his marriage, about 1646 or en later. He probably lived there while waiting to take possesion of the Manor House Plantation after his mother Sarah Thoroughgood Gookin Yeardley died. Similarly, Argoll Thoroughgod did not inherit the Manor House Plantation until his mother, Frances, died. Once Argoll inherited the Manor House Plantation, his former residence, the Adam Thoroughgood House, was chosen by his younger brother, John. It is difficult to say just when the existing Thoroughgood House was built. Many researchers have dated it btween 1636-40 on the assumption that it was the Manor House. However, Dr. Whichard states that it is clearly not the Manor House and a more accurate date would be around 1660 or earlier. The east front wall and both gables of the present day Thoroughgood House are of English bond construction while the west wall is of Flemish bond, which points to a date around the 1660's. The west wall was probably remodleled or reconstructed at a later date. A brick in the west wall bears the inscription "Ad.T.," which tends to indicate that the remodeling was done by Colonel Adam Thoroughgood. The use of the above initials, instead of simply "A.T.," was probably used to distinguish between Adam and Argoll Thoroughgood. The house was acquired by the Adam Thoroughgood House Foundation, headed by Henry Clay Hofheimer II, and was restored under the direction of Finlay F. Ferguson, Jr., an architect formerly associated with Colonial Williamsburg, Incorporated. An interesting feature uncovered during the restoration was the medieval type of leaded diamond-panel casement windows which had been replaced by Georgian frames. Another medieval feature of the house was the lack of a central hall: the entrance went directly into the larger of the two downstairs rooms. The addition of a partition parallel to the original inner wall remodeled the downstairs into two equal size rooms, with a central hall between. From The Beach TERCENTENARY OF ADAM THOROUGHGOOD 1621 1921 An Address Delivered By Rt. Rev. Beverly Dandridge Tucker, D. D., L. L. D. Bishop of the Diocese of Southern Virginia At the Thoroughgood House, Old Lynnhaven Farms, April, 1921 I was staying, a few years ago, at the Deanery of Westminster Abbey. Sitting in the library of that wonderful old house, whose associations are interwoven with so much of English history, I asked my good friend, the Dean, "How old is the Deanery?" And he answered, "This room is very modern, it only goes back to the time of Elizabeth." WHat is modern in England may belong to antiquity in America. And so we cannot help feeling, as we come to this house, simple in comparison with the stately homes of England, yet in its line and structure taking us back to the homes of our fathers beyond the seas, that we are in touch with all the past of Virginia, whose first settlement we commemorate this morning. How long this house has stood we cannot exactly tell. It is just three hundred years ago, this year, that one Adam Thoroughgood, a youth of eighteen years, came as a gentleman adventurer in the Ship Charles to this extension of old England. He was the son of William Thoroughgood, commissary of the Bishop of Norwich and the great, great grandson of John Thooughgood of Chelston Temple in Hertfordshire. His brother was Sir John Thoroughgood, knighted by Charles the First, and a gentleman in waiting of Charles the Second. The young Adam settled first in Kicoctan, which is Hampton, where he patented two hundred acres of land. In 1634 he moved to Lynnhaven Bay, and it was probably shortly aftrwards that this house was built. He acquired by patent 5250 acres, bounded on the north by Chesapeake Bay (in the present Princess Anne County), "granted unto him at the especial recommendation of him from their Lordshipps and others of His Ma'ties most Hon'ble privie Counsell to the Governor and Counsell of the State of Virginia and also due for the importation of one hundred and five persons." It was this procuring the immigration of a large number of desirable additions to the population of the colony that gave to Adam Thoroughgood his leading position in Virginia. Among the names of the new colonists are Augustine Warner, who built Warner Hall in Gloucester, Adam and Thomas Thoroughgood, Kinsmen, Francis Newton, Thomas Keeling, William Atkins, Edward Parish, James Willson, George Whitehead and Daniel Hatton. The ships which brought them were The Hopewell, which gave the name of the estate by City Point; The Merchant's Hope, which is the name of the church in Prince George's built about 1660; The Truelove, The Hope, The Africa, The Cristopher and Mary, The Ark, The Middleton, The Bonadventure, The William and Dorothy, The John and Dorothy. The "importation " by Adam Thoroughgood of Augustine Warner gave to America and the world, George Washington, who was his great, great grandson, and Robert E. Lee, a later descendant. Two lustrous names which linked together seem As priceless jewels linked by virgin gold,-- Two stars that blend in one transcendant gleam To deck the firmament of fame,--and hold The torch to light the path, which they must tread Who would unveiled the face of glory see,-- For high we find, on scrolls of noblest dead, Virginia's sons, her Washington and Lee! He was Commissioner and Burgess again in 1630. He was a member of the Council in 1637, and Presiding Justice of the County Court of Lower Norfolk. He became before his death in 1640 the leading citizen of Lower Norfolk, which is now Princess Anne. He left, besides his widow, one son, Adam, and three daughters, Ann, Sarah and Elizabeth. The widow was not inconsolable, for in less than a year she married Captain John Gookin, a Burgess, and later Colonel Francis Yeardley. In 1641, an inventory of the things reserved for Mrs. Thoroughood's chamber was presented in court. She evidently wanted what Adam Thoroughgood had left her. Here is the inventry: Imprimis, one bed, with blankets, rug and the furniture thereunto, two pairs of sheets and pillow cases; one table with carpet, table cloths and napkins, and knives and forks, two (illegible), one linen, one woolen, two chairs, six stools, six pictures hanging in the chamber, one pewter basin and ewer, one warming pan, one pair of andirons in the chimney, one pair of tongs, one chair of wicker for a child. Plate for the cupboard, one saltcellar, one bowl, one tankard, one wine cup, one dozen spoons, (which I claim as a gift exprest in the inventory). The above mentioned are conceived to be a fit allowance for furnishing Mrs. Gookin's chamber, the said Mrs. Gookin being the relict and widow of Captain Adam Thoroughgood, deceased. The inventory is witnessed by Richard Lee. The widow not only held on to "the things" that were coming to her, but when she died she claimed all her husbands. Her epitaph is on the tomb in the old Lynnhaven churchyard, now under water. It is as follows: Here lieth ye the body of Captain John Gookin and also ye body of Mrs. Sarah Yeardley, who was the wife to Capt. Adam Thoroughgood first, Capt. John Gookin & Collonell Francis Yeardley, who deceased August 1657." Adam Thoroughgood, a son of the first marriage, married Frances, daughter of Argall Yeardley of Northampton, son of Sir George Yeardley. Their son, Argall married Ann Church. Their son Argall, Jr., married Elizabeth Keeling and their daughter, Elizabeth, married James Nimmo, of Shenstone Green, not far from here, and their son, William, married Elizabeth, daughter of William Nimmo, also of Shenstone Green. The other children of Adam Thoroughgood were: Colonel John, Justice of Princess Anne, who married Margaret Lawson. They had two children, Anthony and John. Colonel Adam, Justice and Burgess, who married Mary Mosely. Robert, William, Francis. There are not many descendants who bear the Thoroughgood name, but most of the families in Princess Anne and many in Norfolk trace back to this first leading citizen in what was Lower Norfolk, in whose home we have gathered today, by the kindly courtesy of the present owners, who have done so much for its preservation. We do honour to this man who came to Virginia three centuries ago, in order to help transplant the traditions, the ideals and the religion of old England in this new world, not because he stands out as a man of high achievement. It may be noted, however, that though he was only thirty-eight when he died, his name and his memory have come down through the three centuries of American history. He lived here, in this house and in this region, the simple life of a plain English gentleman. He stands rather as a type of those first colonists, whose children have helped to make America what it is today. They came, those pioneer Virginians, not as the Pilgrims came to Plymouth Rock, as refugees from persecution, but as men who were proud to bring with them the full heritage of their home beyond the seas. They were the children of the men of the spacious times of the great Elizabeth. Their mothers had told them the story of the great Armada. Raleigh and Sydney and Drake and Sir Humphrey Gilbert were household names to them. Shakespeare and rare Ben Johnson and Marlow and Spencer and Bacon were in their libraries. Above all they brought with them that open Word of God, in a tongue understood by the people, which had been made possible by the blood of the martyrs of Smithfield and Canterbury. They tried to shape their lives by its teachings and by that Book of Common Prayer, which voiced their devotions in the churches which they built (the stateliest house in every community) as it had done in the old parish churches of their fathers. They were neither ashamed of their religion, nor of their country. Virginia to them was not a New England, but a part of old England. They still called it home beyond the seas, and were loyal to Church and to King. They had the faults and the virtues of their times and their race. There was no eighteenth amendment in those days, as the inventories of cargoes proved. They had in common with England and New England, their strange belated superstitions, their belief in witchcraft, which belonged to the age, as was evidenced in the trial of Grace Sherwood at Witchduck, near this place. They had stern ideas, brought down from the middle ages, of justice and of vigorous punishments which amaze us. But they had a high sense of honour, a love for their country, a fear of God and a reverence for His Word. They were men who stood upright and who never quailed, who had learned from their sires: "To ride hard, to shoot straight, and to speak the truth." Those were days of autocratic government. The colonial history of Virginia is a story, with few exceptions, of tyrannical rule of men like Dale and Gates, and Berkeley and Botetourt and Dunmore. But these men who came first to Virginia brought with them that English love of liberty, which has asserted itself in every century of England's story. They looked back to Runnymeade and hear the trumpet tone of Magna Cata, which found expression again in that first representative assembly in America, which met in 1619 in the old Church at Jamestown under Sir George Yeardley, himself a lover a freedom. It was heard by Bacon and by Hansford, and agin and again, until at last Henry's silvery tongue and Jefferson's matchelss pen, and Washington's stainless sword gave the realization of that haunting dream of freedom, which had been in the hearts of all the generations of the English race. The blood of those men who boldly crossed the seas in those little barks, The Susan Constant, The Goodspeed, The Discovery, the spirit of those men who were adventurers for truth and for liberty, have been in the veins and the hearts of the Virginians of all the years. They inspiored the men who followed Lee and Jackson and Stuart, they fired the souls of our sons, who stood at their posts here in obediance to orders, or who crossed the seas their sires had crossed, that they might strive to give to the world the boon of that freedom, which has made England and America what they are. A race is not made in a day. The English stock has its roots in the long past. Into the fashioning of the characters of our sons and daughters there enter the subtle tradition of the generations that are gone. The children of such a man as Adam Thoroughgood and of those who came after him had a goodley heritage, which should not be forgotten. We do not belong to one generation alone--into bone and sinew, into heart, and mind and soul are interwoven the influences, subtle but real, of the men and women who have gone before. We speak of pure stock. But there are many blends of the typical Virginian of today--thank God. If we go far back, we are Saxon with Harold, and Norman with William and Scotch with William Bruce. There are in our veins the knightly blood of the Crusaders, the chivilry and the loyalty of the Cavalier, the consecration to duty and the unflinching spirit of the Puritan,--and a strain of the Huguenot blood, whose daring for the truth is pictured by Millais, when on the eve of St. Bartholomew, the young hero tears from his arm the badge which would have marked him as a traitor to his cause, as he says to the fair maiden at his side: "I had not loved thee, dear so much Loved I not honour more." God and country!--this is the shibboleth that has marked the English race. It is only as we shall be true to them--to God as well as to country, loyal to all the past of the English story, that we will keep the leadership among the nations of the world which is within our reach. This house of Adam Thoroughood, humble though it be, has stood the strain and stress of time. It and Bacon Castle are forerunners of those old Virginia homes, Brandon and Shirley, Westover and Rosewell, Wakefield and Stratford, Mount Airy and Sabine Hall, Audley and Mount Vernon, but also of the simpler homes, in the valleys, on the mountain sides and by the sea, of the men and women who have been trained to serve their country and their God. The Virginians are not descendants of princes and dukes, but of simple Englishmen, squire and yoeman of the same sturdy, heroic type. I, myself, have known men and women, who came from the log cabins of our mountains, where illiteracy and isolation have robbed the people of their heritage, who in response to a changed environment and the advantages of education prove that they are heirs to all the past. They, too, trace back to the Isle of Thanet and are kinsmen of the men who have showed themselves worthy of victory, at Poitiers and Cressy, at Yorktown and Waterloo, at Manassas and at Chancellorsville, in the Argonne or at Verdun; or equal to defeat, when all was lost save honor at Hastings or at Appomattox. It is not pride of ancestry. There is the story of a Virginian whose son was going away, and who said to him, "My son, it is not necessary for you to say, I am from Virginia; if it is a Virginian, he will know it, if he is not, it is not a kindly or generous thing to mortify anyone uncecessarily." That is not the true Virginia spirit. It is the spirit of gratitude to God for a lineage, which brings no blush of shame, but leads us to look back for idealism and inspiration, in the paths of duty, to those who have blazed the way, a spirit which calls us not to boastfulness, but to the realization that noblesse oblige. "The knightiest of the knightly race, Who, since the days of old, Have kept the lamp of chivilry Alight in hearts of gold; The kindliest of the kindly band Who rarely hated ease, Who rode with Spottswood round the land And Raleigh round the seas! Who climbed the blue Virginia hills, Amid embattled foes, And planted there, in valleys fair, The lily and the rose, Whose fragrance lives in many lands, Whose beauty stars the earth, And lights the hearths of many homes With loveliness and worth. We thought they slept! The sons who kept The names of noble sires, And slumbered while darkness crept Around their vigil fires! But still the Golden Horseshoe Kings, Their Old Dominion keep, Whose foes have found enchanted ground, But not aknight asleep." I have in my library a volume of Spencer's Fairie Queen. The dedication is to Elizabeth, Queen of Great Britain, Scotland, Ireland, France and Virginia. It is to this share in England's glory that gave the motto to the shield of the Old Dominion: En dat Virginia quintum-- Lo! Virginia gives a fifth. The world knows what she has given top all high causes since that first planting in 1607. "To sons of a race stouthearted, Whom God had meant to be free, She gave a new home--where open The gates of the restless sea. A home where the English virtues Transplanted might seem as fair, In soil that was still uncrowded, In pure and untainted air. Where Liberty, seed long dormant Could blossom and bud and bear." Printed as a pamphlet by Eugene L. Graves, Inc., Norfolk, Va.; reprinted in The Tidewater Trail, September, 1941. WALKE SCRAPBOOK;WALKE FAMILY The History of Eastern Shore Chapel. Louisa Kyle The Virginia Beach Sun, Aug. 3, 1988, "Anniversary Celebration of Ratification," p. 4, Photo Feature at Upper Wolf Snare. (Among many photos is one of Dr. John T. Walke and one of two Walke family portraits he donated to the Princess Anne Virginia Beach Historical Society.) Return To Wolf Snare, Television Presentation, 1988, City of Virginia Beach Public Information Office. (Enacted at Upper Wolf Snare in and outside; roles played of Thomas and Anthony Walke; commemorating ratification of U. S. Constitution.) Virginia Historical Magazine, "Families of Lower Norfolk County and Princess Anne Counties, Walke Family of Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, p. 139-153. Walter, Alice Granberry. 17th Century Families of John Martin and Thomas Keeling of Lower Norfolk County, Va., etc., 1974 (Willoughby) Walter, Alice Granberry. The Thomas Walke Family of Princess Anne County. Walter, Alice Granberry. "The Four Marriages of Mary Anne Thorowgood to . . . ", 1975 The oldest and most consecutive series of family portraits known to us in Virginia belong to the heirs of the late Burwell B. Mosely of Norfolk, Va. They reach back to the days of the Protectorate. The portraits of the Newtons of Norfolk, painted by Duiand, run back to 1713. They are in possession of their worthy descendant, Tazewell Taylor. The Mosely and Newton portraits embrace a larger continuous period than any collection we can now call to mind. The Wrights, the Balfours and the Walkes portraits present a field of observation to the 18th century. **** **** **** **** **** George Newton I married Francis Mason, daughter of Col. lemual Mason. George Newton II appointed Town Clerk 1780, when Norfolk was incorporated, Later Justice. George Newton II was educated in Lancaster, England. (Jonas Lawson attended the same school.) Issue: 1. Elizabeth, married Thomas Walke 2. Mollie " James Murdaugh 3. Fanny Wright " Mr. Wescott 4. Margaret (Peggy) " John Calvert 5. Nannie " Thomas Willoughby **** **** **** **** **** Children of Charles Hansford Shield and Susan Walke: Robert Anthony Ann married Rev. Robert McCandlish of Norfolk. Issue: Charles Shield, Upton Beale, Robert Coleman, Anne Walke, Mary Peters. Issue: William Francis Henry Issue: Howard Shield, William Walke Shield FAMILY TRADITION Copied from marginal note on Ancestral Records & Portraits, Chapter 1, Colonial Dames In an old letter written by Mrs. Emma (Blow) Blacknall, wife of Dr. George Blacknall, U.S.N. to Miss Imogen Barron, her cousin, she states that their great aunt, Mrs. Mary Wright Warren, was named for Mary Mason, adopted daughter of Lemuel Mason, a white child found among the North Carolina Indians, supposed to be the child of Virginia Dare, of the ill-fated colony at Roanoke. She married Matther Phripp (wife, Mary Mason). He was the father of John Phripp, Mayor of Norfolk. The Trevethians (also spelt (From Blow family papers at the Boush-Waller-Tazewell House) UPPER WOLFSNARE PLANTATION The very name Wolf Snare stirs the imagination, but it was not used for this house until it was purchased by the late State Senator James H. Barron and his wife in 1939. Prior to this it was designated in deeds and wills as The Old Walke place or Brickhouse Farm. Upper Wolf Snare dsitinguishes it from another old house a mile to the northwest, which was built before 1750 and has long been known as Wolf Snare Plantation. Both of these old houses get their names from the creek on which they are located. The known history of the area around Wolf Snare Creek goes back to the 17th century. As early as 1651, am Ensign Thomas Keeling papented 700 acres of land on Olover Van Hick's Creek. The Keelings must have renamed it, for two generations later, in a will, reference is made to the creek as "Wolfes Snare.' This creek which flows west across the lower end of present day Great Neck, enters the Eastern Branch of the Lynnhaven River just north of the village of London Bridge. The name London Bridge has also been used since the late 1600's. This area is now known as Great Neck and including Oceana Air Station was kbnown prior to the revolution as the Lower Eastern Shore precinct of Princess Anne County. The earliest settlers of this part of Virginia had Indians as well as packs of wolves to endanger their lives. The wolves also killed precious livestock brought over from England. To snare a wolf deep pits were dug, covered with twigs and branches and leaves. The traps were baited and the weight of the wolf caused him to fall into the pit and be captured. A bounty was given for all wolves killed. Long after there was no danger from wolves in the area of Wolf Snare Creek, the deep pits remained and were seen as late as the beginning of this century. Wolf Snare Creek was an important waterway in times past. Today one sees it filled with marsh grass, but trees alon the edge mark its original boundaries. The cReek has two branches; one leads up to present dat First Colonial Road and the other flows south, around the neighborhood of Point of Woods up to the Virginia beach Boulevard. Prior to the building of the Expressway to Norfolk, the Creek went almost to Upper Wolf Snare Plantation House. In the last years of the seventeenth century, there was a settlement on the north branch of Wolfe Snare Creek. Here, prior to 1689 was built the first Eastern Shore Chapel, a secondary courthouse for Lower Norfolk County and a Presbyterian Meetinghouse. Before 1714, 600 acres at the mouth of Wolf Snare Creek was sold by Capt. Adam Keeling to John Pallet. The Pallets build a tradimg post, known as Pallet's Landing where the creek enters the Lynnhaven River. It was possible, due to a deeper Lynnhaven River in those days, for ships from England and the West Indes, to bring cargo to Pallet's Landing and to reload their ships with tobacco, tar and other exports from the colony. John Pallet built his Wolf Snare Platation House in 1750, on the south shore of the creek. Upper Wolf Snare located up the creek from Pallet's house was built in 1759. The Walke family who built the beautiful Georgian brick house were very prominent in this part of the colony. The first Thomas Walke came to Lower Norfolk County from the island of Barbadoes in 1662. He was granted land on the south side of the eastern branch of the Elizabeth River. He acquired more land south of the present day village of Kempsville and was a mariner, building up a fleet of ships that carried on trade with England and the West Indies. He remained a bachelor until 1689 when he married Mary Lawson, the daughter of Col. Anthony Lawson of Lawson Hall. By this time Thomas Walke has made quite a name for himself as a member of the House of Burgesses and was commissioned a colonel by the Governor. Thomas Walke lived only four years after his marriage but left three children, Thomas, Anthony and Mary. His will leaves Thomas Walke II the house where he was living and Anthony, theplanation near Kempsville. Here Anthony Walke built Fairfield, one of the most beautiful homes in Princess Anne County. Anthony Walke's descendants lived at Fairfield until it was destroyed by fire in 1865. Thomas Walke's children were evidently raised by the Lawsons; anyway, we find that Major Thomas Walke II acquired land in the Lower Shore Prescinct near London Bridge in the early 1700's. He married Mary Anne ? and had five daughters and one son. When he died in 1761, he devised "to son Thomas Walke III, my plantation, lands and houses where I now live at the Eastern Shore." From this it seems that Thomas Walke II had already built a house before the present Upper Wolf Snare because in his will he leaves instructions as to how the brick house begun in 1759 was to be furnished and finished. Fortunately, the house has remained in remarkedly good condition for more than two hundred years. The beautiful hand carved wood panelling today attests to the taste of the builder. A hall runs through the house; there is a large and a small room on either side of the hall, upstairs there are four rooms and an attic. There is a large cellar entered from outside the house. The chimney of the east side is triangular in shape, giving fireplaces oin the corner of the house. Major Thomas Walke, the builder of Upper Wolf Snare, was prominent in Princess Anne County. For years he served as Vestryman and Warden of Lynnhaven Parish. He had much to do with the designing and nuilding of the third Eastern Shore Chapel, which stood less than a mile from his home on land given by the Cornicks, from a part of their Salisbury Plains Plantation. He was present when the newly completed chapel was received from the builder. Major Walke was also appointed to arrange for the shipment of the Communion Silver for Eastern Shore Chapel which was made in England. This silver bearing the date 1759 is now on exhibit at the Norfolk Museum. Thomas Walke III married Elizabeth ?. They had no children. He was the owner of the brick house after his father's death and he and his wife lived on Wolfe Snare Creek for 36 years. He fought in the Revolutionary War and was a Colonel. He was also a vestryman of Lynnhaven Parish and active in the county. One canimage that Col. and Mrs. Walke entertained ofterin their beautiful home. With five married suisters, there must have been a constant stream of visiting nieces and nephews and cousins. There were neighbors, the Jacob Hunters, living at Pallet's Wolf Snare Plantation, the Cornicks at Nearby Salisbury Plains, the Woodhouses, Elligoods, Lovetts, Keelings and Lnads who came to service at eastern Dhore Chapel. The Walke's home faced the main road that ran from Kempsville to Eastern Dhore Chapel and then south to Pungo, so there was always contact with travelers. On the Western Branch of the Lynnhaven River, near Old Donation Church were Walke cousins that lived at Ferry Farm. Col. Thoams Walke III died in 1797. In his will he left his estate to his wife and to two of his sisters and at their death to go to three nephews. His will lists property on both sides of the road, marsh land, slaves, farm equoipment and household furnishings and a mill that he is buoilding on Wolfe Snare Creek. Elizabeth Walke must have lived on at the plantation for some years, for in 1822 there is record of the property (1000 acres of land and house) being sold by trustees of the three nephews to Caleb Boush. This frist sale was not completed, for a month later the property was sold to John Cornick form $4,750.00 The Walke Farm on Wolfe Snare Creek changed hands many times between 1822 and 1964 when it was purchased by the Commonwealth of Virginia to obtain right of way for the Norfolk-Virginia Beach Expressway. The price that the state paid for the house and 85 acres was $235,000 showing how the value of property increases. The Commonwealth of Virginia planned to tear down the house at Upper Wolfe Snare and to use the land on which it stood for fill for the new expressway. At this time the members of the Prinsess Anne Historical Society, realizng that one of the fine 18th century homes in the city of Virginia Beach was to be destroyed, began negotiations with the highway department. An agreement was worked to trade land on which the old house stood for an equal amunt of land at another location that would supply sufficient fill. Than land was secured by the generosity of Mr. and Mrs. James Sadler, and on March 22, 1966, the Commonwealth of Virginia deeded the Old Walke house and (the) acres of land surrounding it, to the Princess Snne Historical Society. The fine old trees near the house, and older than the house itself, were also saved and the grounds about the house are planted and cared for by the historical society. FORMER OWNERS OF UPPER WOLF SNARE PLANTATION: 1759 Major Thomas Walke II (builder) 1761-97 Col. Thomas Walke III 1797-1815 Mrs. Thomas Walke III (& Nephews of Col. Walke III - Wescoat, Willoughby & Murdough) 1816 Caleb Boush 1817 Warren Ashley 1822 John Cornick Thomas Cornick 1847 Thomas James Cornick 1856 William Dozier 1857 Enoch Ferebee 1885 George Ferebee (rented) John Bell 1903 Malachi L. Fentress 1911 Lucien D. Stark 1920 Louise Adair 1920 H. C. N. Batten 1934 J. F. East 1936 Morris Franklin - Laura Worrell 1939 James H. and Kate R. Barron 1952 Rodney Malbon 1966 Princess Anne Historical Society T I D E W A T E R L A N D F A L L S By George H. Tucker THE MINISTER ON HORSEBACK According to a colorful, time-honored tradition, the hunting horn and a pack of baying foxhounds took precedence over the Book of Common Prayer as far as the Rev. Anthony Walke of Princess Anne County was concerned. Walke was the rector of Lynnhaven Parish without renumeration from 1788 to 1800 and again from 1812 to 1813, during which time he is reputed to have more or less divided his time between his sacred duties in the chancels of Old Donation Church and the pleasures of the hunt. Walke was born at Fairfield, the ancestral home of the Walke family near Kempsville at the head of the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River in the 1750s. He was the son of Col. Anthony Walke II and Jane Bolling Randolph os Curles Neck, an aunt of John Randolph of Roanoke. On his mother's side of the family he was a direct descendant of Pocahontas, whose father, Powhatan, was the most powerful chieftan in Tidewater Virginia at the time of the arrival of the Jamestown settlers in 1607. This wild strain in his blood could easily have accounted for his predilection to field sports. Walke's father, one of the wealthiest Virginians of his day, was a great advocate of the `social glass, the rich feast, the card table, and the horse race.' And when he died he left his son well fixed. Besides receiving a considerable amount of property in what is now downtown Norfolk, Walke also received several interesting personal bequests, and the clause in his father's will mentioning them reads: `To my son Anthony my suit of embroidered curtains in memberance of his mother who took great pains in working them; the two neat trunks, Gold Studs, and every other article that belonged to my late wife, Jane Walke, now in my possession; my Father's walnut Secretarie and Clock (and) a piece of Gold coined in the year 1609, weighing about four pounds nine shillings, which belonged to my Great-Grandfather.' After the Revolutionary War, Walke was a member of the Virginia Convention of 1788 that ratified the U.S. Constitution. And shortly after that event he was ordained a priest of the Episcopal Church in Philadelphia. Returning to Princess Anne County, now the City of Virginia Beach, Walke was the rector of Lynnhaven Parish for many years, and his `mild clear voice and solemnity of amnner in reading the church servive' were remembered by the more pious of his flock. There were others, however, who recalled another and entirely different aspect pf his ministry. According to those who chose to recall the picturesque side of the Rev. Walke's character, it was his habit to tether his horse Silverheels near the door of the church where he was officiating. And if, during the service, he heard the sound of the hunting horns, he would immediately descend from his high pulpit, turn over the service to his clerk, Dick Edwards, stalk down the aisle, and ride away in the direction of the baying foxhounds as fast as Silverheaals could carry him. The Virginian-Pilot, 4/8/74 Included in the Bolling and Randolph family portraits at the College of William and Mary is that of Jane Bolling Randolph Walke (1729-1756) by John Wollaston. She was the daughter of Richard Randolph I or "Curles" and Jane Bolling Randolph, and she married Anthony Walke II in 1750. This portrait was given by Mr. and Mrs. O. W. June and hangs in the Earl Swem Library. THE LATE RICHARD WALKE We yesterday announced the death of this gentleman so well known in our community. Mr. Walke was in his 59th year, was a member of one of our oldest and most excellent families, and had filled several positions of prominence in our community. Kind to all, amiable in every relation of life, the loss of such a man will be deeply felt by all who knew him. He has left a large family to mourn the loss of one so dearly beloved as a son and as a parent. May He who has inflicted the blow upon the venerable father of him that is gone and upon his weeping children, enable them to bear the terrible bereavement! The funeral of the deceased will take place today at 12 o'clock from Christ church. The Norfolk Journal, Feb. 3, 1872 DEATH OF WILLIAM WALKE, ESQ. At 11 o'clock yesterday morning this venerable gentleman breather his last at the advanced age of 96 years. The deceased was born April 3rd. 1786 in Princess Anne County, Virginia on "the Ferry Plantation," then owned by his father, whose death occurred when the subject of this sketch was but 8 years old. Mr. Walke was sent early in life to Litchfield, Conn., where for some years he attended one of the best institutions of learning in the city. Returning from Litchfield he entered the Virginia Bank as a Clerk, of which institution he was during the War of 1812 one of the custodians of its books and funds, which he conveyed to Richmond, making the journey on horseback. For a long period Mr. Walke was City Collector of Norfolk, and agent of the Mutual Insurance Co. of Richmond. In fact, throughout his long and useful life the deceased held many positions of emolument and trust and enjoyed the universal respect and love of his fellow-man up to the close of his life. His funeral will take place from 96 York St., the residence of Richard Walke, Esq., on Sunday the 9th inst., at 6 P.M. The Norfolk Landmark, 7/8/1882 DEATH OF A VENERABLE CITIZEN Mr. William Walke, probably the oldest white citizen of Norfolk, who had been ill at the Hospital of St. Vincent dePaul for some time, died at that institution yesterday morning at the advanced age of 96 years. Mr. Walke was a native of Princess Anne County, but had reided in Norfolk during the greater part of his long life, and held many positions pf trust, honor and emolument among which was the office of City Collector, which he creditably filled for many years. He was a man of the strictest integrity, and possessed the entire confidence of those who knew him. He was one of the last links which bound the long past to the present in the history of Norfolk and his recollections of persons and events for the past fourscore years, if they could have been published, would have made a valuable and interesting volume. He leaves a larghe number of descendants, some of his grandchildren being among our most prominent citizens. His funeral will take place at 6 o'clock tomorrow afternoon from the residence of Mr. Richard Walke, No. 92 York St., and will be very largely attended. The Public Ledger, Sat., 7/8/1882 Right on County 647 to Donation Church, in a grass plot among pine and oak trees. The restored building is rectangular, of red brick with high-pitched roof. It was built in 1736 and succeeded a predecessor, erected in 1692, and Lynnhaven Parish's first church, completed in 1640 on another site. The Reverend Thomas Dickson in 1776 left his farm in trust to the vestry, the income wto be used to employ `an able and discreet teacher in the Latin and Greek languages and mixed mathematics' for the instruction of male orphans of the parish. This, according to tradition, led to the church's being called `Dickson's Donation Church' and later `Donation Church.' The old building was gutted by a forest fire in 1882, and only the walls were standing when restoration was begun in 1916. The old silver communion service, pewter collectionplate, and marble font, recovered from the river, have survived. Beside Donation Church is a private road leading across flat fields to Ferry Farm in a wood. The house, its whitewashed brick walls rising in three sections to gabled roofs, overlooks an arm of Lynnhaven River. Anthony Walke II directed that if he `should depart this life` before erecting `a decent Dwelling House,' then `1000L current money' should be `laid out . . . in building on the Land . . . called "Ferry" Plantation at the old Court House.' The duty doubtless fell to his son, William Walke (1762-95). This was 4he site of Princess Anne's second courthouse (c.1735-c.1751). Close by Donation Church stood Princess Anne County's first courthouse. Soon after the county was formed in 1691 a courthouse was ordered built `in Jno. Keelings old field by London Bridge,' but the courthouse was not erected until about 1696 and then her on `land belonging to the Brick Church.' In this building one of Virginia's two witch trials was held. Early in 1706 Mrs. Grace Sherwood, a widow and mother of a family, having plagued the comunity with petty lawsuits, was haled before the county court on the charge of having bewitched the wife of Luke Hill. A jury of women examined Grace's body and declared they found physical signs by which witches were identified. The court stopped the proceedings. Whereupon Hill took the case before the Council of State, which evaded a decision and sent the case back to the county court. A second jury of women refused to act and was promptly fined for contempt of court. On July 7, Grace Sherwood agreed to be `tried in the water by ducking,' but the `westher being very rainy and bad so that it might possible endanger her health,' the trial was postponed until July 10. On the afternoon of that day, near `William Harper's Plantation,' she was subjected to the test. Her hands were bound, and she was thrown into water `above a man's depth.' To swim was proof of occult powers; to sink, a sign of innocence. Grace Sherwood swam--disregarding the boat provided to rescue her. Afterwards, she was searched by `five ancient and knowing women' who `all declared on oath' that `she was not like them, or no other woman they knew of . . .' Thus convicted, she was committed to the `common gaol.' A land grant issued in Grace Sherwood's name in 1714 indicated that the jail term ended her legal punishment. At the junction of State 165 and County 654 is a poor road to the site of New Town, in Colonial days a lively little port, established in 1697 and made the county seat in 1751. Near by lived Colonel Edward Hack Moseley, who, when Lord Dunmore was entertained in Norfolk in 1774, was summoned by an express `to come to town with his famous wig and shining buckles, he being the finest gentleman we had, to dance the minuet with Lady Dunmore, the Mayor of Norfolk, Captain Abyvon, not being equal to the occasion.' In 1778 the county court was moved to Kempsville. On State 165 is Kempsville (100 pop.) a village of old houses under arching trees. A severe moral note is frequently injected by the presence of traditionally garned Dunkards from farms near by. With tobacco warehouses by the canal and a deep water landing, flourishing Kemp's Landing, as the place was called before its incorporation as Kempsville in 1783, reached the pinnacle of its importance during the Revolution. (From Virginia: A Guide to the Old Dominion. NY: Oxford University Press, 1964, p. 470-1. WALKE, HENRY (1808-96), naval officer, born Princess Anne Co., Va. Joining Navy as midshipman (1827), served on Versuvius during Mexican War, takingbpart in capture of Veracruz. At outset of Civil War, was on duty at Pensacola Navy Yard and saved Ft. Pickens for Union. Commanded gunboat Taylor at Battle of Belmont, and as commander of Carondelet, helped capture Fts. Henry and Donelson, ran his vessel past Island No. 10, and shortly afterwards took part in engagement at Ft. Pillow and at Memphis. Given command of ram Lafayette took part in Battle of Grand Gulf and at mouth of Red River. In command of Sacramento, pursured Alabama, and after her sinking by Kearsarge, blockaded Rappahannock in French harbor of Calais until close of hostilities. Promoted commodore (1866) and rear-admiral (1870) and retired year later. Published Naval Scenes in the Civil War (1877). L. B. Hamersly, The Records of Living Officers of the U. S. Navy and Marine Corps (1894); J.H. Borwn, American Naval Heroes (1899) and Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States (1903). American Biographie, Wheeler Preston. ISAAC TALBOT WALKE, proprietor of an insurance agency at Norfolk which has been in existence and under the ownership and management of the Walke family for six decades, is descended from one of the very first families to establish homes in what is now Norfolk County. He is a direct descendant of Thomas Walke, a native of England, who first went to the Barbadoes in 1622 and later moved to Virginia, establishing himself at Fairfield in Princess Anne County. He married Mary Lawson, whose father, Col. Anthony Lawson, was one of the eminent lawyers of the Virginia Colony. Thomas Walke held the rank of colonel of militia under King Charles II. He was a vestryman in the Lynnhaven Parish Church, one of the famous churches of old Colonial Virginia. His son, Anthony Walke, married Anna Lee Armistead, a granddaughter of Capt. Hancock and Mary (Kendall) Lee. Mary Kendall was a daughter of Col. William Kendall, who served as collector of revenues at Accomac in 1660. Hancock Lee was a son of Col. Richard Lee, the ancestor of Richard Henry Lee, known as the champion of American Independence. In William Forest's sketches of Norfolk the statement is made that Anthony Walke purchased 150 acres of land on which at a later date the City of Norfolk was laid out, the first plat of the city being made in 1682. Anthony and Anna (Armistead) Walke had as one of their children Anthony Walke, who married Jane Randolph, and they were the parents of William Walke, who married Mary Calvert. The next generation was represented by William Walke, who married Elizabeth Nash, and they in turn were the parents of Richard Walke, who married Diana Talbot. Richard and Diana were the grandparents of Isaac Talbot Walke. Mr. Walke was born at Norfolk. His father, William Talbot Walke, was also a native of that city, where he was reared and educated, and served in the Confederate government during the Civil War. Afterwards he took up the insurance business and followed it until his death. His wife was Sally Gray, born at Garysburg, North Carolina. They reared the following children, William Talbot, Richard Gray, James Newsom, Mary Diana, Sally Willoughby, Isaac Talbot and Herbert Nash. Isaac Talbot Walke after completing his course at Norfolk Academy entered Eastman's Business College at Poughkeepsie, New York, and with this training became associated with his father in the insurance business. This insurance agency was established by his father in 1869. It is located at 203 Granby Street in Norfolk. Mr. Walke married Linda Harrell, a native of Murfreesboro, North Carolina. They have three children, Isaac Talbot, Jr., Linda Harrell and Gertrude Willoughby. The family are members of Christ Episcopal Church in Norfolk. From Bruce (1929) F. A. WALKE, M.D. Thomas Walke, who settled in Princess Anne county in colonial days, was the founder of the family in Virginia from which Dr. Walke is descended. Jane Randolph, of Curls neck, was the great grandmother of Dr. Walke. He was born in Norfolk, on October 1, 1831. On May 25, 1853, he married Miss A. M. Boylor, of Norfolk. In 1854 Dr. Walke entered service in the United States Navy, as surgeon, resigning in 1857. During the war between the States, he was surgeon of the 46th Virginia regiment under Gen. H. A. Wise. Since the war he has been in practice, and also conducting a drug store in Norfolk. Dr. Walke is a member of the Masonic order, of the K, H., K.L.H., Golden Rule, and other societies. WILLIAM TALBOT WALKE Is a son of Richard Walke and Mary D. Walke, nee Talbot, and ___ was born in Norfolk, Virginia, on January 31, 1838. He was married at Winton, North Carolina, on August 3, 1858, Sarah R., daughter of Richard Gary (now deceased), becoming his wife. Their children are: William Talbot, Richard G., James N., Mary D., Sally W., Isaac T., Ethel (deceased), Henry (deceased), and Herbert N. In early years Mr. Walke went ot school to Paxton Pollard. He took the collegiate course at William and Mary College, graduating in 1856. He then entered the wholesale drug business, in which he was engaged till the outbreak of the war between the States. He entered the Confederate army in 1861, in Company H, 6th Virginia Infantry, and after six months was discharged. In the spring of 1862 he enlisted again, in Buruss' battalion of cavalry, and was on detached duty in the commissary department. In 1863 he was promoted to first lieutenant and adjutant of the 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, with which he served until the close of the war. Returning then to Norfolk, he went into business with W. W. Chamberlaine; in 1866-67 was farming in Norfolk Carolina; then returned to Norfolk, and was in the book and stationerey business for about a year. In 1869 he went into the general insurance business, in which he has continued ever since. F. A. Walke, M.D. and William Talbot Walke sketches from Virginia and Virginians by Brock Walke and Williams, Dealers in Drugs, Paints, Oils, etc., corner Water Street and Roanoke Avenue.-- Among the leading houses in its line in the city is the extensive drug store of Walke & Williams, at No. 108 Water Street, corner of Roanoke Avenue. It was established in 1870, and has long done a large business. The store is 30x80 feet, and is replete with all kinds of drugs, chemicals, medicines, paints, oils, dye-stuffs, toilet and fancy articles, etc. The prescription department is managed with great skill and care. Only the freshest and purest drugs and chemicals are used, and reliable clerks intrusted with the business. Physicians' prescriptions are dispensed at all hours. In the departments of paints and oils the stock is very complete and comprehensive. It embraces white lead or colors, dry or ground in oil, putty, varnishes, etc. The individual members of the firm are Dr, F. A. Walke and Mr. J. N. Williams. Dr. Walke is a native of Virginia, and a gentleman of thorough scientific attainments, a practicing physician, and a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, class of 1852. Mr. Williams is also a Virginian by birth and a first-class business man. The firm is well and favoprably known, not only to the entire community but also to nautical men who visit the port. Womble and Walke, Wholesale and Retail Hardware, etc., No. 19 East Side Market Square.-- Eighteen years ago the firm of J. G. Womble & Co. was founded, which was succeeded in 1878 by Womble & Walke, and from the beginning has been one of the leading houses in Norfolk, and their hardware establishment at No. 19 East Side Market Square, is a representativem first-class enterprise. The stock of hardware, rope, and twine is immense, and in their large trade, four floors of their fine building, 18x130 feet, are constantly occupiued and utilized. Their merchandise is superior in quality, and in their extensive dealings this house is reliable, prompt, and obliging. Messrs. J. G. Womble and Henry Walke comprise this enterprising firm. The former is a native of North Carolina and the latter of Virginia, and they are known far and near as gentlemen of peculiar business ability and integrity. .................................................... DR F. A. WALKE J. N. WILLIAMS W A L K E & W I L L I A M S ----DEALERS IN---- D R U G S, P A I N T S, O I L S, E T C. Cor. Water St. and Roanoke Sq. N O R F O L K, V A. ................................................... The two preceding items and the advertisemnt, above, are from Rambles in the Path of the Steam Horse, Chesapeake and Ohio R. R.; an Illustrated Guide and Gazetteer of the Cities and Towns on the C. and O. R.R. . . . . Richard Edwards, Editor. New York: Historical Publishing Co., 1884. Fairfield's Appreciation Substantial Fairfield is one of those textbook cases. Buy a tract or a lot or a house in the right location, keep the tone of the development high and wait for appreciation. That's what happened in Fairfield, a neighborhood of Virginia Beach that lies on the west side of Kempsville Road, south of Kemps Landing Elementary School and north of Kempsville Colony subdivision. It extends westward to a finger of the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River. It was created in November 1967 when the developer, Woodrow W. Reasor, a native of the Virginia mountains who came to Norfolk in 1940, bought a farm from the heirs of J. C. Hudgins for "slightly more than $1.5 million." The tract contained 390 acres. The original price comes to slightly more than $3,846 an acre. Expert testimony in a trial involving the prpperty in 1977 valued theland at $14,000 an acre in 1972 and $26,000 an are in 1977. Its value today can only be speculated. A random survey of 11 houses built between 1969 and 1977 that were resold in 1982 showed the average original cost was $58,209. The average resale price was $110,345. Fairfield is laid out in a complex pattern of streets that seems to defy logic. The thoroughfares curve and cul-de-sacs fan out from them at irregular intervals. This keeps traffic noise at a minimum and prevents monotonous views of houses and yards. The houses are large -- a small model is a four bedroomer with two baths; the larger ones have five bedrooms and up to three baths. Brick is almost universal for exteriors. Most of the designs are traditional Colonial and ranch modifications. There is a moderate sprinkling of "For Sale" signs in the beautifully maintained yards. . . . The Virginian-Pilot and The Ledger-Star, Nov. 7, 1982, p. F1,3. M A S O N Francis Mason emigrated to Virginia in 1613, aged 18 years; born in 1595 (1584?). Justice of Norfolk County from its formation until his death; lieut. of militia 1640; church warden and sheriff of county 1646. He died in 1648 aged 53. His wife, Mary, and daughter, Anne, came over with him on the ship, John and Francis. His second wife was Alice. Issue: Lemuel, Elizabeth, Francis and James. His son, Lemuel, and his wife, Alice, administered his estate. Lemuel was born about 1628 (1625?), married Anne Sewell, and he died June 17, 1695 (1702?). He was Justice from 1649 until his death. He was High Sheriff in 1668, Burgess 1654, 1657, 1660, 1663, 1675, 1685, and presiding justice and colonel of militia of Lower Norfolk County, 1680. Issue: Frances, born 1652, married George Newton. Alice, mar. 1st Hodges; 2nd Porter; 3rd, Samuel Boush. Elizabeth, mar. Thomas Cocke. Margaret, married Hugh French of England. Anne, born 1658 Abagail, mar. George Crafford. Mary, mar. Cocke(?) (see below). Diana, mar. Thorogood. Thomas Lemuel George (see below) Anne Sewell Mason, daughter of Henry Sewell, Sr., and sister of Henry Sewell, Jr., was married at 15 years of age to Col. Lemuel Mason. She was born in 1634 and died in 1705; her will was proved March 5, 1706. Henry Sewell, Sr., was Burgess for Elizabeth City County in 1632, and Burgess for Norfolk County in 1639. Sewell's Point is named after him. George Mason, son of Lemuel, died 1710. He was justice of Norfolk County 1710 and captain of militia in 1707. He married Philis Hobson, daughter of Peter Hobson, and their daughter, Frances Mason, married John Phripp. John Phripp (1684-1775) was alderman of Borough of Norfolk in 1741, Mayor of Norfolk 1745 and 1757, warden of St, Paul's Church 1749. He married Frances, daughter of George Mason. His parents were Matthew and Mary Mason Phripp. John Phripp's daughter, Ann, married Stephen Wright II. George Newton I married Frances Mason, daughter of Col. Lemual Mason; will dated 1691. George Newton II was appointed Town Clerk in 1780 when Norfolk was incorporated; later, justice. He was educated in Lancaster, England (Jonas Lawson attended the same school.) Issue: Elizabeth, married Thomas Walke. Mollie, Married James Murdaugh. Fanny Wright married Mr. Wescot. Margaret (Peggy) married John Calvert. Nannie married Thomas Willoughby. In an old letter written by Mrs. Emma Blow Blacknall, wife of Dr. George Blacknall, U.S.N., to Mis Imogen Barron, her cousin, she states that their aunt, Mrs. Mary Wright Warren, was named for Mary Mason. Mary Mason was the adopted daughter of Lemuel Mason, a white child found among the North Carolina Indians, supposed to be the child of Virginia Dare of the ill-fated colony at Roanoke. She married Matthew Phripp, who was the father of John Phripp, Mayor of Norfolk. From genealogical notes at Boush-Tazewell-Waller House. WALKE SCRAPBOOK;GENEALOGY Record No. 1. TAZEWELL 1. CALVERT WALKE TAZEWELL, b.Apr.13,1917. JOHN PARKS TAZEWELL, b.Sep.25,1920 SOPHIE GOODE TAZEWELL, b.Oct.28,1924 are the children of:- (See Rec. #: 2. Calvert Walke Tazewell and Sophie Parks Goode 2. b.Oct.14,1888 m.Jun 14,1916 b.Dec.23,1890. d.Feb.10,1962 d.Jul.18,1976 son of:- 3. Littleton Waller Tazewell(Bradford) and Mary Louisa Walke 3. b.Jul.16,1848 m.Nov.6,1883 b.Mar.28,1856 d.Jul.15,1918 d.Mar.9,1923 son of:- Record No. 3. WALKE 1-3 MARY LOUISA WALKE* was a daughter of:- 4. Richard Walke and Mary Diana Talbot 7. b. 1812 m. bef. Mar.4,1836 b. d.bet.2/19/70-2/7/72 d. aft. Jan.1,1839 son of:- 5. William Walke and Elizabeth M.? Nash 11. b.Apr.3,1786 m. bef.1814 b. d.Jul.7,1882 d.Jan.9,1850 son of:- 6. William Walke and Mary Calvert 19. b.Feb.7,1762 m.Dec.21,1782 b. d.Jan.1,1795 d.Feb.,1798 son of:- 7. Anthony Walke and Mary Moseley 35. b.Jan3,1726 m.May 8,1757 b. d. 1782 d.Nov.22,1795 son of:- 8. Anthony Walke and Anna Lee Armistead 67. b. 1692 m.Apr.4,1725 b. d.Nov.8,1768 d.Feb14,1732 son of:- 9. Thomas Walke and Mary Lawson 131. b. m. 1689 b d. 1693/4 (Emigrated from Barbadoes to Virginia in 1662) *Two lines of Walke descent Record No. 19. CALVERT 3-6. MARY CALVERT was a daughter of:- 7. Cornelius Calvert and Elizabeth Thoroughood 51 b. Mar. 13, 1725 m. June 19, 1749 b. d. 1804/5 d. son of:- 8. Cornelius Calvert and Mary Saunders 83 living in 1719 m. Jul. 29, 1719 b. d. 1747 d. See Calvert Family Bible at Chrysler Museum See "Calvert Family" in Maryland Historical Magazine, 1921 See "Descendants of Calvert Family in Va." Record No. 35. M O S E L E Y 3-7 MARY MOSELEY was a daughter of:- 8. Edward Hack Moseley and Mary Bassett 99 b. m. b. Aug. 7, 1716. d. d. 1755 son of:- 9. Hillary Moseley and Hannah (Hack?) b. m. b. d. 1730 son of:- 10. Edward Moseley and Frances Stringer 291 b. 1661. m. b. d. 1736. son of:- 11. William Moseley and Mary Gookin 547 b. m. b. d. 1671. son of:- 12. Sir William Moseley and Susannah (Crocroft?) b. m. b. Emigrated to Vir- d. Feb. 8, 1655/6 ginia in 1649 d. 1655 Record No. 51. T H O R O U G H G O O D 19-7. ELIZABETH THROUGHGOOD, was a daughter of:- 8. John Thoroughgood and Elizabeth Mason 115 b. m. b. d. d. son of:- 9. John Thoroughgood and Pembroke Sayer 179 b. m. b. d. 1718. d. son of:- 10. John Thoroughgood and Margaret Lawson 307 b. m. Mar. 19, 1685 b. d. Dec. 1701. d. son of:- 11. Adam Thoroughgood and Frances Yeardley 563 b. m. b. d. d. 12. Adam Thoroughgood and Sarah Offley 1075 b. 1602. m. Jul. 18, 1627 bap. Apr. 16, 1609 Emigrated to Vir- d. 1657. ginia in 1621 d. 1640 son of:- 13. Rev. William Thoroughgood and Ann Edwards 2099 b. m. b. d. d. son of:- 14. John Thoroughgood and Luckin 4147 b. d. son of:- 15. John Thoroughgood and b. d. son of:- 16. Thomas Thoroughgood and b. d. son of:- 17. John Thoroughgood and b. d. Record No. 131. L A W S O N 3-9 MARY LAWSON, was a daughter of:- 10. Anthony Lawson and Elizabeth Westgate 387 b. m. b. d. d. son of:- 11. Thomas Lawson and Bray 643 b. m. b. Emigrated to Vir- d. ginia in 1620. d. Record No. 307. L A W S O N (Second line - see also Record No. 131.) 51-10. MARGARET LAWSON, was a daughter of:- 11. Anthony Lawson, No. 131-10 and Elizabeth Westgate 387 Extract of Tazewell Genealogy, by C. W. Tazewell, Sr. WALKE SCRAPBOOK;LEWIS WALKE VISIT,/A> VISIT TO GRAVE SITES IN PRINCESS ANNE COUNTY, NORFOLK AND RICHMOND BY LEWIS WALKE, OCTOBER 1914 Notes made by LEWIS WALKE concerning trips made by him and his son, Roger S. Walke, in Princess Anne County, Virginia, and to Norfolk and Richmond, Va., in October, 1914. ------- On October twentieth, 1914, before starting we consulted Mr. H. C. Hoggard as to the way to reach our objective points. Mr. Hoggard is senior member of the firm of H. C. Hoggard & Company, Real Estate Agents, Norfolk, Va., and now lives in Norfolk, Va., although he was born and lived for years at a plantation on Broad Creek in Princess Anne County, called Poplar Hall, and is very well posted regarding Princess Anne County. Mr. Hoggard told us that to reach "The Ferry" and Old Donation Church, we should take the electric branch of the Norfolk Southern Railroad, running from Norfolk to Virginia Beach via Cape Henry, and get off at Shelton Station: that to reach Fairfields we should take the electric line of the Norfolk Southern Railroad running direct from Norfolk to Virginia Beach and get off at Euclid Station : and that to reach "Greenwich" (the Moseley seat where Anthony Walke, 2nd, is buried) and the "Lions Den" farm (where he told me my father - Rev. Lewis Walke - lived while he was Rector of Emmanuel Church, Kempsville) we should take the electric line of the Norfolk Southern Railroad running direct from Norfolk to Virginia Beach and get off at Greenwich station. Roger brought his camera with him and photographed all points of interest. "THE FERRY" and "OLD DONATION CHURCH". October twentieth, 1914. - Upon arriving at Shelton Station we found that the name "The Ferry" was not known by those of whom we asked directions. However, Mr. Hoggard had told us that the place is now owned by Mr. C. M. Barnett and a colored man gave us directions and told us it was four miles off. The directions were not clear and we missed the way, going five miles further than we should have done. When we reached Old Donation Church, we found nothing but the walls - probably three quarters of them - standing, although a frame Parish House has been erected behind the church, largely through the efforts of the Hoggards, who, with others, I am informed, hope to have the old church restored. The road forks at the Church, and not knowing which branch to take we walked down the left branch a few hundred yards to a store, which was kept by Mr. Josiah Woodhouse, Jr. Mr. Woodhouse was very courteous. He told us that the road to the right of the church led to Mr. Barnett's place, and walked with us to "Springfield." As it was getting late, we returned to Norfolk; Mr. Woodhouse showing us a much shorter way to Shelton Station through the "Springfield" farm. OCTOBER TWENTY-FIRST, 1914. - We went first to "Springfield" and then on to the "Ferry." Mr. Barnett was not at home, but Mrs. Barnett was most kind in showing us everything which we wanted to see and afterwards in serving tea for us. She is enthusiastic about the old place and was much interested in learning that it had been called "The Ferry" and in other things which I could tell her about it. She told us that the neighborhood tradition says that the house was formerly the jail and Courthouse of Princess Anne County, and one of the ground floor rooms, now used for a bath room, is said to have been the jail, and Grace Sherwood, the famous Virginia witch, is said to have been incarcerated therein. We were shown the iron bars to the window of this room. The house is of brick, stuccoed, except a recent frame addition, and presents the appearance of being the original building. An employee on Mr. Barnett's place, a Mr. Woodhouse, brother of Mr. Josiah Woodhouse, Jr., told me that recently when digging a hundred yards or more back of the house he found heavy brick foundations, indicating that a building had stood there. "The Ferry" house is from a half to three-quarters of a mile from Old Donation Church. It is beautifully located, on high ground, a few hundred years from a branch of Lynnhaven River. Across this branch there was at one time a bridge, the piles of which protrude from the water, now in a state of advanced decomposition. Mr. H. C. Hoggard tells me that before the bridge there was a ferry, from which the place took its name. We could find only one tombstone at the Ferry. It was that of my great-grandfather, William Walke, 1st, who was left "The Ferry" in the will of his father, Anthony Walke, 2nd. The tomb is several hundred yards from the house, and the stone lies flat on the ground. Whether it now lies immediately over the remains cannot be said, although it seems to lie within the original brick enclosure, of the foundations of which there are slight traces. The tombstone evidently rested originally flat upon a low brick foundation, which has disappeared. The inscription is legible, and there follows an exact copy: Here lie the Remains of W I L L I A M W A L K E late a Magistrate & Representative of this County Who departed this Life the 1st of Janry., 1795 Aged 33 years In Life Esteemed in Death lamented "SPRINGFIELD" On OCTOBER TWENTIETH, 1914, In looking for "The Ferry," we questioned Mr. Josiah Woodhouse, Jr., who keeps a store a few hundred yards from Old Donation Church, on the road to the left of the church. He directed us to "The Ferry," but told us that a road at the side of his store, leading through a body of woods, terminated in a quarter of a mile at an old house, in the yard of which were several tombs which he thought were of Walkes. It was too late to go to "The Ferry" that day and he kindly left his store and went with us to show the way. We found a very old two story brick house, but the tombs were Boush. One was the tomb of Mrs. David M. Walke, who adopted my sister Mary, and who was a Boush. Sister Mary told me a few days later that the place was called "Springfield." A Mr. Campbell now lives there, but the place is owned by A. E. Anderson. On OCTOBER TWENTY-FIRST, 1914, we returned. Roger photogrphed the house and tombs and we copied the inscriptions on the latter, which read as follows, viz: In Memory of W I L L I A M F. W. B O U S H , A Citizen of Princess Anne, of which County, he was a Justice, of the Peace, and a Delegate to the Afsembly. In private life without reproach; In public, attentive to his duty. A Christian in heart and deed, He lived by faith, and died in hope; On the 19th., of February 1818, In the 25th., year of his age. About three hours before his death, he sung with an audible voice, the following HYMN. A charge to keep I have: A God to glorify: A never dying soul to save, And fit it for the sky: To serve the present age, My calling to fulfill: O may it all my powers engage, To do my Master's will. Arm me with jealous care, As in thy sight to live: And O thy servant, Lord, prepare, A strict account to give: Help me to watch and pray, And on thyself rely: Afsur'd if I may trust betray, I shall forever die. S A C R E D To the Memory of M A R Y B O U S H, Consort of Wm. Boush, who was born on the 3rd. of May A. D. 1764, & departed this life on the 24th. of Decr. 1822, She was of a broken & contrite heart & when the last summons came, with serenity of mind, affectionately took leave of relatives and domestics & with unfeigned faith fell asleep in the Lord Jesus. S A C R E D To the Memory of W I L L I A M B O U S H who was born on the 18th. of Feby. A. D. 1759, & expired at Lebanon on the 6th. of Jany. 1834, He was an eminently useful member of Society in all the relations of life, his heart glowed with the benevolence to his fellow beings & he lived in the practice of the precepts of the Gospel & of those graces and virture which exalt the hu- man character & whose motto ever was: Deal justly, love mercy & walk humbly before thy God. C R A E S D to the memory of E L I Z A J . S . W A L K E Widow of DAVID M. WALKE and daughter of Wm & MARY B O U S H. Who departed this life on the 9th day of June 1884, In the 82nd year of her age. ------------ "Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." To the Memory of Coll. A N T H O N Y W A L K E a sincere Friend & chearful Companion (sic) Steady in the practice of Christianity and a Zealous promoter of Virtue he was for many Years a Member of the Houfe of Burgeffes and Judge of the Court of this County in his public capacity he behaved himself with an Uniform regard to Justice tempered with Mercy and in all refpects confulted the Interests of the County over which he prefided he died the 8th day of November 1768 in the 76 Year of his Age.. --------- S A C R E D To the Memory of A N N E T . daughter of Anthy. & Anne Walke Who departed this life Sept. 30 1817 Aged 3 years & 6 months (This stone is lying flat on the ground). --------- S A C R E D To the Memory of S A R A H L I V I N G S T O N Daughter of Anthy. & Anne Walke, Who departed this life Sept. 26, 1819 Aged 5 months (This stone is leaning). S A C R E D To the Memory of A N T H O N Y W A L K E Who departed this life Sept. 13, 1820 Aged 42 years and 8 months (This stone is lying flat on the ground). ------------ S A C R E D To the Memory of A N T H O N Y Son of Anthy. & Anne Walke Who departed this Life Jany. 2nd 1833 Aged 20 years & 9 months (This stone is leaning over). -------------- S A C R E D To the Memory of Mrs. A N N E W A L K E relict of Anthony Walke Died October 28th 18*33 *Illegible In the 60th. year of her age (This stone is lying flat on the ground and broken). --------------- S A C R E D To the Memory of M A R Y E L I Z A B E T H J O N E S Who departed this life In the Borough of Norfolk on the 25th. May(?) 1837 Aged 10 years. (The verses on this stone are illegible. The stone is lying flat on the ground and is broken). ---------------- S A C R E D To the Memory of A N N E T A B I T H A Daughter of Anthy. & Anne Walke Who departed this life Aug 4th. 1837 Aged 20 years & 2 months (This stone is standing). ----------------- S A C R E D To the Memory of A N N T A B I T H A Infant Daughter of James R and Angeline W A L K E Died October 3rd 1842 Aged 11 months (This stone is lying flat on the ground). ------------------ M E M E N T O O F D A V I D M . W A L K E WHO WAS BORN ON THE 26TH DAY OF JANUARY 1800 AND DEPARTED THIS LIFE ON THE 9th DAY OF JUNE 1854 He was a firm believer in Christianity and in the Holy Scriptures, but acknowledges with shame having fallen far short of living in strict obedience to its holy precepts and commandments. ---------- The world can never give The bliss for which we sigh, `Tis not the whole of life to live, Nor all of death to die. Beyond this vale of tears There is a life above, Unmeasured by the flight of years, And all that life is love. Oh could we make our doubts remove- Those gloomy doubts that rise, And see the Canaan that we love, With faith's illumined eyes- Could we but climb where Moses stood, And view the landscape o'er- Not Jordan's stream, not death's cold flood Should fright us from the shore. -------------- R I C H M O N D OCTOBER TWENTY-THIRD, 1914. We spent the day in Richmond and while there visited Hollywood Cemetary. There, in Bishop F. M. Whittle's section is buried my sister Caroline Lay, who married Frank M. Whittle, Jr., and in Rev. Edwin B. Snead's section are buried my sister Louisa Atkinson, who married Rev. Edwin B. Snead, and my father, the Rev. Lewis Walke. The inscription on the tomb of my father follows: In Memory of Rev. Lewis Walke Born in Norfolk, Va. Aug 11, 1819 Died in Cecil Co., Md. March 16, 1887. In my hands no price I bring. Simply to thy cross I cling. -------------- "GREENWICH" AND "LION'S DEN FARM" OCTOBER TWENTY-FOURTH, 1914. - We left the train at Greenwich Station and first made an effort to locate the grave of Anthony Walke, 2d. Upon inquiry at the station for the old burying ground, we were pointed out a clump of trees and bushes in a field about three quarters of a mile away on the right of the Railroad, southeast of the station. There we found the tomb of Mary Elizabeth Petty, but the rest of the graveyard was covered with vines about three feet deep and it was impossible to tell what was under them. We could not lift them up or pull them aside. We therefore walked East about half a mile to the house of a Mr. Hudgins and inquired. He showed us a burying ground near the house, the brick wall around which had apparently been recently pushed over by mulberry trees in the enclosure. Here we found a Moseley vault with seven or eight names and one tomb on which the inscription was not legible. Desparing of locating the grave of Anthony Walke, 2nd, we walked from Mr. Hudgins' house north about three quarters of a mile to Greenwich Station, and then looked the "Lion's Den" farm. My older sisters call this place Elmwood and my father's papers speak of it as such. It lies about a quarter of a mile north of Greenwich Station in the angle between the road to Kempsville and the Newtown Landing road. A Mr. Masters lives tere, who said it was called the "Lion's Den," although he had only recently learned of the name. He says the name comes from a tradition that lions had a den in a hole in the back of the place, although he thinks the animal was more likely a woodchuck. Upon our asking him about the Moseley burying ground at "Greenwich" he pointed southwest to a place several hundred yards beyond the Railroad and just east of the creek and told us that the foundations of the old "Greenwich" mansion and the burying ground were there in a clump of locust bushes. We crossed the railroad and endeavored to locate the graves, but found briars, weeds and bushes growing to the height of a man's head and so thick as to make progress both slow and painful. We searched for an hour but to our disappointment were forced to leave before penetrating far enough or locating the graves in order to catch our train back to Norfolk. We hope to make as further attempt some other day. N O R F O L K OCTOBER TWENTY-FOURTH, 1914. - Upon returning from Greenwich we went to Cedar Grove Cemetary, Norfolk, and in my Grandfather's Section - lot 4, second alley West, we found nine graves, which my sister Mary tells me are those of My Grandfather My Uncle Calvert My Sister Fanny My Grandmother My Sister Anna My Father's first Wife My Uncle William My Sister Julia My Grandfather's Sister, Miss Peggy Nash. We also found the following inscriptions on tombstones: S A C R E D To the Memory of Mrs. E L I Z A B E T H W A L K E Who departed this life On the 9th. day of June 1850 Aged 63 years --------- IN MEMORY OF MRS. M A R Y L . W A L K E . Wife of Rev. LEWIS WALKE. Born Octr. 8th 1820, Died Sept. 11th. 1855, She fell a victim of the pestilence, faithful unto death a ministering angel to the suffering. ---- Erected by the Ladies of Christ Church. ---------- S A C R E D to the memory of W I L L I A M W A L K E Who departed this life On the 7th day of July 1882, In the 96th year of his age. ------------------ In another lot in the same cemetary we found the following inscriptions: I N Memory of J O H N N . W A L K E Who departed this life December 18th. 1839 *May be 51 Aged *31 years. Ah! Who can paint the briny tears We shed when thus we sever: When forced tp part for months, for years, To part perhaps forever. Yet if our souls are raised above, Tis sweet when thus we sever: Since parting in a Saviors love, We part to meet forever. I N Memory of Mrs. A N N E W A L K E . Who departed this life, November 13th. 1840, Aged 68 years. -------- "Let this vain world allure no more Behold the op'ning tomb: It bids us use the present hour, Tomorrow death may come." --------- ***************** M. N. W A A N L N K A E. Died SEPT. 13, 1855, AGED 15 YEARS. ---- Death like an untimely frost snatched from us the fairest flower of the field. ******************* F R A N K A N T H O N Y W A L K E. M. D. OCTOBER 1 , 1831 JULY 5, 1904 ------- A CONFEDERATE SOLDIER. (On his grave is a metal marker showing that he was Surgeon 46th Va. Inf. C. S. A.) ****************** In Elmwood Cemetary, in my Uncle Richard Walke's lot, we found the following inscriptions: LEWIS Son of Richard & Mary D. Walke Born July 21 , 1847 Died July 7, 1848 ***************** MARY DIANA Daughter of Isaac & Sarah W. Talbot and Wife of Richard Walke Born April 28, 1817 Died Feb. 3, 1859 ****************** ISAAC TALBOT WALKE Son of Richard & Mary D. Walke Born Feby. 22, 1843 Killed in battle Oct. 9, 1864 ****************** RICHARD WALKE Son of William & Elizabeth Walke Born Aug. 2, 1812 Died Feb 11, 1872 ****************** Sacred to the memory of WILLOUGHBY WALKE, Jr. only son of Willoughby & Julia A. Walke Jany 11, 1891 Feby 20, 1898. ****************** HENRY WALKE Born April 28, 1849 Died December 13, 1898 ****************** In Elmwood Cemetary, in my cousin W. Talbot Walke's lot, we found the following inscriptions: HENRY son of W. Talbot & Sally R. Walke Died June 24, 1879 Aged 2 Mos. 5 ds. ETHEL WILLIAM TALBOT WALKE, Jr., Daughter of son of W. Talbot & Wm Talbot & Sally R Walke, Sally R. Walke. Born June 12, 1859 Died June 23, 1880 Died March 9, 1893 Aged 3 yrs, 7 Mos, 8 ds JAMES N. WALKE W. TALBOT WALKE 1864 - 1901 1838 - 1905 **************** In Elmwood Cemetary, in my cousin Richard Walke's lot, we found the following inscriptions: RICHARD CALVERT Son of RICHARD & ANNIE N. WALKE OCTOBER 31, 1878 JUNE 1, 1879. ***************** LITTLETON TAZEWELL WALKE Son of Richard Walke and Annie Nivison Walke February 12, 1877, March 10, 1901. **************** [End of notes made and written by Lewis Walke; information was received from Mrs. Diana Walke Parks some years ago.] "Springfield" was recently referred to as the Wishart House, and is now called the Lynnhaven House. "Fairfields" was at the location of the shopping center of that name across from the Kempsville Area Library. This copy made by Calvert Walke Tazewell, Jr., July, 1983. It appears that the graves from the Fairfields grave site were moved to Old Donation Church. The graves of the following were observed there on April 20, 1984: Col. Anthony Walke (1692-1768) (vault, inscription now mostly illegible) Annie T. Walke (1814-1817) Sarah Livingston Walke (1819-1819) Anthony Walke (1778-1820) Anthony Walke (1813-1833) Anne Tabitha Walke (1817-1837) Ann Tabitha Walke (1841-1842) David M. Walke (1800-1854) (shaft) The other two listed in the "Lewis Walke Visit" (Mrs. Anne Walke and Mary Elizabeth Jones) may be at Old Donation Church, but no longer with headstones. There is one grave that has only a small part of the base remaining. Also, the one tombstone listed as being at "the Ferry" Plantation is now at Old Donation Church. The inscription says "Here lay the remains" instead of "lie." Two additional graves at Old Donation Church of interest are: THE FAMILY GRAVEYARD Col. Edward H. Moseley Died Feb. 4, 1814 Age 71 (DAR marker identifies him as a Revolutionary soldier, living 1746-1811.) Capt. Jonathan Saunders Died 1st Jan. 1765, age 39 Two relatively recent family graves at Old Donation Church are: Sacred to the memory of Sacred to the memory of RUFUS PARKS DIANA TALBOT PARKS son of Rufus Parks wife of Rufus Parks and his wife daughter of Richard Walke Aline Pety and his wife Born March 15, 1880 Anne Nivison Bradford Died Nov. 24, 1956 Born Dec. 20, 1887 Died Dec. 9, 1975 HISTORY OF NEWTOWN INTRODUCTION The Virginia Research Center for Archaeology conducted an archaeological survey between September 14 and November 30, 1978, on the property traditionally believed to be the site of Newtown, an 18th century settlement near the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River. This area, which is now encompassed by the city of Norfolk, Virginia, is currently being developed into the Pleasant Point subdivision. The VRCA's reconnaissance survey was made at the request of the property owner and developer, Edwin S. Brock, subsequent to his discovery of a large 18th c. archaeological deposit which was revealed by construction activities. Historical map reaearch conducted at the VRCA as well as datable artifacts from the site helped to substantiate the local tradition that the survey area was in fact a portion of the 18th century settlement of Newtown. HISTORY OF NEWTOWN The land in modernday Norfolk which was in the eighteenth century the site of Newtown, a thriving port town, has a lengthy and distinguished history. Beginning in 1697 and extending into the first quarter of the nineteenth century, Newtown was a center of commerce and trade. It served variously as the seat of the Princess Anne County government and the home of several prominent Virginia citizens. During the American Revolution it was to Newtown that many Norfolk citizens fled during the conflagration which consumed their city. In the early nineteenth century when the Courthouse was relocated to Kempsville and as inland commerce accelerated, Newtown's importance diminished appreciably. Originally, Newtown lay within the jurisdiction of Elizabeth City County. By 1636 the area on the south side of Hampton Roads became New Norfolk County. However, due to the rapid influx of settlers, only a year later New Norfolk County was divided into two separate entities, Upper and Lower Norfolk Counties. The Newtown land was included in the Lynnhven Parish of Lower Norfolk County until 1691, when Princess Anne County was formed. The first Virginia colonist to patent land along the northern side of the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River in the vicinity of Newtown was Barthalomew Hoskins who patented 10 acres on the Hampton River on November 3, 1637. Hoskins, or Hospkins, as his name was variously spelled, came to Virginia prior to the departure of Sir Thomas Dale in 1616. Termed an "ancient planter," Hoskins' early Adventure qualified him to receive a 100 acre land grant as a headright and to be exempt from military service and most public levies.(1) By January 1, 1645, Barthalomew Hoskins' land holdings included "800 acres upon the northward side of ther Ewd/branch of Elizabeth River, near Hoskins Creek."(2) The 800 acre grant was assigned to Hoskins for his having paid for the transportation of 16 persons to the Colony. The refernce to the grant's being near Hoskins Creek implies that he was already residing in the general area at the time he applied for the 1624 patent. Hoskins served as a Burgess for Lower Norfolk County between 1649 and 1655/6.(3) An immigrant named Thomas Holt also patented acreage along the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth, in close proximity to Hoskins. He was granted 500 acrea on May 22, 1637, 50 acres for his personal adventure and 450 acres additional acres for the transportation of nine other persons.(4) Sometime prior to 1645 Holt sold a parcel of land to Symon Hancock, whose widow, Sarah, patented it on November 29, 1654. Her patent for 300 acres indicates that a 100 acre portion of the patented land had been purchased from Holt by her deceased husband and that the remaining land was adjacent to "Mr. Moseleys land" from which it was separated by a creek. A later patent identifies the watercourse separating the Hancock and Moseley properties as Hoskins Creek and indicated that that portion of the land had been previously purchased from Barthalomew Hoskins.(5) Sarah Hancock repatented her 300 acre tract on November 23, 1657, reiterating that the land was "due her as relict and Administratrix."(6) Little is known about the deceased Symond [sic] Hancock (Handcock, Handcocke) except that he was numbered among the earliest settlers in Lower Norfolk County and that on July 16, 1642 he participated in that area's first jury trial of a civil case.(7) The succeeding patent reference to the Hancock property occurs in the March 18, 1662 patent to William Hancock. This document states that the 300 acres of land which had been previously granted to Sarah Hancock had been assigned by her to her son, William.(8) On October 3, 1671 William Hancock patented 700 acres in Lower Norfolk Couinty. Along with some newly purchased acreage, his grant included the original 300 acre tract he had acquired from his mother, Sarah Hancock.(9) The will of William Hancock, dated April 14, 1687, conveyed to his three sons, Simon, William and Samuel, all of his land on the east side of Hoskins Creek.(10) It is the elder son, Simon Hancock, who in 1697 elected to sell a portion of the land he had inherited from his father to the men who proposed to establish Newtown. The desirability of the Elizabeth River area for settlement had been noted by Ralph Lane of Roanoke Island, North Carolina, who visited the Norfolk area well ahead of the arrival of the first colonists at Jamestown. Land and his exploring party found an Indian village situated on the shore of the Elizabeth River and commented on the temperate climate, lush vegetation, and almost idyllic setting of the land south of the Chesapeake.(11) According to the 1673 map of Virginia and Maryland, prepared by Augustin Hermann and Thomas Withinbrook, the area along the shores of the Elizabeth River was well settled by the third quarter of the seventeenth century. Evidence of the popularity and accessibility of this locality is demonstrated by the fact that a chapel of Lynnhaven Parish was erected on the north side of the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River in 1661, just east of the Newtown land.(12) This chapel is first mentioned in a Lower Norfolk County Court Order and was apparently a frame structure. Records show that the builder, Henry Snaile, was alleged to have been progressing so slowly that some of the Chapel's timbers had become too rotten for use. He was ordered to "goe forward with the worke he hath begun."(13) Deed references to adjacent property indicate that the chapel next to the Newtown land was still standing and in use until at least 1700. During that period the Reverend John Saunders served as minister of the Parish and lived nearby.(15) A February 2, 1697 deed of conveyance from Simon Hancock, Jr. transferred 51 acres "scituate lying and being on the North side of the Western branch of the Elizabeth River in Princess Anne County" to Anthony Lawson, Edward Moseley, Sr., and William Moseley, Jr., who undertook the establishment of a new town. The purchase price was 10,000 pounds of tobacco.(16) The deed refers to Simon Hancock, Jr as "son of William Hancock, late of Lower Norfolk County, now Princess Anne County, planter" and states that the tract is "parte of the land and plantacon whereon Simon Hancock now lives."(17) The will of William Hancock, dated April 14, 1687, had beqeathed "unto my eldest Sone Simon Hancocke ye Plantation I now live on Bounded with a small Cr. ye mouth of wch. runs in a little below the Chapele and runneth up nigh my dwelling house and bounded Ely with an old trench on ye Nw. on a Cr. formaly Cald hoskins Cr. and nly. on a branch cald deep branch."(18) The three grantees also lived closely. Anthony Lawson owned land to the east of the Newton tract whereas the Moseley family had owned property just across Hoskins Creek from Newtown since at least 1654. All three of these early land developers were prominent Virginia citizens. Lawson served in the House of Burgess[es] from 1680 until 1692, Willian Moseley was a Burgess at the time he purchased Handcock's land, and Edward Moseley became a Burgess in 1700, only three years later.(19) The Newtown deed described the property as: beginning at a point of land at the mouth of a small cove or creek a little below the Chappell in the said Eastern Branch and soe running up along the sd. cove or ccreek a little above a small marked pine tree and from thence west north-west seventy-two poles along a line of stakes stuck in the ground to the creek that runs betwixt the sd. plantacon of the said Hancock and the plantacon of the sd. Edward Moseley, Sr. and so down the water side of the sd. creek according to the several meanders thereof to the end of a point known by the name of long point, and soe up along the eastern branch river to the first menconed point at the mouth of the Chappell cove or creek.(20) In keeping with the prevalent belief in town building as a means of strengthening and broadening the Virginia economy, the deed states the intention of the purchasers to establish the town "in hopes and designed to be for building storehouses and other houses, thereon for accomodation of merchasndising and for cohabitatiion and a place for pride for buying and selling of goods and merchandize in the nature or quantity of a town."(21) Lawson and the Moseleys pledged their willingness to promote rapid development of the town site and agreed not to: refuse to putt to sale any of the land to any person... provided that they shall perform the conditions hereafter expressed: that every person purchasing one lott or half acre, or more, betwixt the date herre of and the first day of March 1698/9 shall and doe build a goodhouse on each such lott or halfe acre of land 20 feet long and 15 feet broad, by or before the first day of March 1698/9 and paying into the said purchaser above sd for each lott soe built on noe more than it really cost the sd purchaser . . . but for want of such buildings . . . the same to revert to the above sd first purchaser.(22) Thus, any lots purchased within the first year of the grantees' ownership could be bought at the original cost; however if these lots were not improved by the construction of a 15 by 20 foot dwelling within that year, the land would revert back to Lawson and the Moseleys. Lots were to be 1/2 acre in size. Persons who purchased lots after March 1, 1698/9 and for the four succeeding years thereafter "shall pay double the price of the first purchase and will buld such a house"(23) with the same conditional terms of ownership, should they not improve their lots accordingly. Such deed restrictions were not uncommon in the planning of late seventeenth and early eighteenth century towns. In localities such as Princess Anne's and Queen Mary's Ports, near Williamsburg, which were laid out in 1699, similar conditions were specified. Whether this promotional policy proved practical or enforceable is highly debatable; however it was commonly accepted in its day. The 1697 deed of Simon Handcock also specified that he reserved the right to choose any two of the town's lots "except that at the Catch landing."(24) According to a March 3, 1698 deed, Hancock sold the two lots he had reserved for himself to William Clowes and Christopher Cocke, merchants, for 1,000 pounds of tobacco. The lots were located "on the long point and the other adjacent to the branch next to the Cove easterly."(25) The deed does not indicate whether the lots were improved; however they may have been sold to avoid being confiscated by the original purchasers. It should be noted that land values had appreciated 50% for one year's time, ie. Hancock sold a total of one acre for a tenth of what he had sold 51 acres for only twelve months previously. The fact that Clowes and Cocke were merchants may imply that the property was considered to have commercial value. Although no plat of the Newtown plan is though to be extant, according to several eighteenth century cartographers, a street ran along a northeast-southwest axis toward the center of Long Point and was the antecedent of a portion of modernday Newtown Road.(26) A 1741 plat of the lots at Newtown indicates that a street also ran in an east-west direction across the Long Point.(27) (see Figure 1 [not provided]) A June 8, 1698 deed from Anthony Lawson and Edward Moseley, Sr. to Edward Moseley, Jr., conveyed a one-half acre lot "on the west side of the street running down toward the long point and contains 3 poles along the said st. for breadth and for length is bounded by Mr. Moseley's creek and the said Street being the 13th lot from the west northwest line of the said tract. Note: lot is the uppermost lot adjoining Simon Hancock's land."(28) Also on June 8, 1698 Anthony Lawson and Edward Moseley, Sr. sold to Simon Hancock a lot west of Captain John Thorogood's [sic] lot and which ran "along the street next the branch, then north to the middle west northwest Street, then... east southeast to Captain J. Thoroughgood's lot."(29) This deed indicates that a street paralleled Hoskins Creek, also roughly paralleling the access road toward Long Point. It should be noted that the street pattern suggested by deed examination approximates the town plan of Princess Anne Port, Virginia and Bath Town, North Carolina, as well as the plans of several other North Carolina port towns, as depicted by cartographer, C. J. Sauthier. In each instance a central street bisected the town whereas other streets paralleled the waterfront at its periphery. A Newtown lot bequeathed by Col. Anthony Lawson to his son, Thomas, was sold to Lewis Connor on May 4, 1702. The inventory of the deceased Anthony Lawson is a testimonial of his affluent lifestyle. Many items of monogrammed silver, jewelry, silk curtains and fine linens are included among the numerous items which were divided among his five children.(30) Thomas Walke, son of Thomas Walke of Barbadoes, was also a lot owner at Newtown. He and his wife, Katherine, were residing at Newtown in 1714 when he was a member of the House of Burgess. A prominent merchant and planted, Walke was a appointed agent for the Newtown storehouse in 1715 and served on the Lynnhaven Parish Vestry as Church Warden that same year. He also served as Justice of the Peace from January 4, 1715 until July 5, 1723. Thomas Walke was a Lt. Colonel of the militia.(31) In his May 22, 1722 will Thomas Walke conveyed to his son, Thomas, "my land amd houses in Newtown, also my said Thomas all ye Smith's tools that belong to ye Smith's shop in Newtown or that shall here after come from England."(32) . . . According to Deed book 6, page 403, on January 7, 1732 Col. Edward Moseley gave as a gift the southernmost of his six contiguous lots to James Nimmo, a surveyor. The lot is described as being "near the lott that was formerly James Isorels, dec." and "lay along the west northwest street."(35) A May 1743 deed reference to the same lot states that it was given to Charles Smythe of Newtown with the "full and absolute liberty to build and erect a schoolhouse."(36) Apparently the lot already contained a house, because the deed refers to maintaining the building "as it is now built of a schoolhouse . . . house shall be so kept up and repaired for the said use."(37) Inasmuch as Charles Smythe's 1749 will lists his occupation as merchant, one is led to assume that his interest in the Newtown school was oriented more toward sponsorship than actual teaching.(38) Captain William Parsons, a Newtown merchant, received a letter from Edward Moseley requesting credit for Mr. Peter Fraiser of Marytland, who had married "one of Mr. Bolithos' daughters." The November 25, 1735 letter requested that the credit be extended "at your store in Newtown."(39) James Powell was residing at Newtown on October 13, 1738 when he placed an ad in Parks' Virginia Gazette: Run away the 26th of September last, from New Town, on the Eastrn Branch of Elizabeth River a Servant Man, nam'd Phillip Davis, a Lancashire Masn, in a middle stature, well-set, and broad shoulder'd, of a ruddy complection, with long strait Hair of a Sandy Colour. He had on, he went away, a brown coat, with white Mettal Buttons, an Oznibrig Shirt and Trowsers, a Felt Hat about half worn, and a Pair of Old Shoes. Whoever apprehends and brings he said Servant to me, at new Town aforesaid, shall have a Pistole Reward, besides the allowance by Law.(40) Apparently the fact that Newtown, when it was established in 1697, was not officially sanctioned as a town by Act of Assembly, caused many controversies to arise over land titles and lot ownership.(41) on May 27, 1740 "a petition of the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Newtown, in the County of Princess Anne, was presented and read; praying, That an Act of Assembly may be made, to constitute, confirm and appoint the said Place for a town, called by the Name of New-Town."(42) The next day, May 28, 1740 "on consideration of a Proposition from the Freeholders and Inhabitants of new Town, in the County of Princess Anne, for conferring their Titles to the said Lands purchased at that Place, and for appointed and established the same for a Town, by the Name of New-Town, as it is now bounded and laid out, resolved That the said Proposition is reasonable."(43) The act establishing Newtown states: Whereas it hath been represented to this Assembly that colonel Anthony Lawson, Edward Moseley, and William Moseley jun., all now deceased, did in the year one thousand six hundred and niney seven, purchase of one Simon Hancock, fifty one acres of land, lying and being in the parish of Lynnhaven, in the county of Princess Anne, bounded, as in the deed for the same, dated the second day of February, in the year aforesaid, is particularly mentioned, and did lay out the same in lots and steets for a town, by the name of New Town; and made sale of said lots to divers persons, who have since settled and built thereon: And that the said fifty one acres of land is convenioent for trade ad navigation; but because the same was not laid out, and erected into a town by act of Assembly, many controversies and inconveniences are likely to arise, For presenting all doubts in that matter, Be it enacted . . . that the said parcel . . . is hereby constituted, appointed, erected and established as a town, in the manner it is already laid out in lots and streets, to be called by and retain the name of New Town.(44) . . . In February 1745 the people of Newtown again brought their community to the attention of the House of Burgess, this time when a question of aesthetics was raised. According to the records of the Assembly, "it is represented, that a great number of hogs are raised, and suffered to go at large in Newtown . . . to the great prejudice of the inhabitants thereof."(47) Therefore an Act was passed making it unlawful "for any person or persons, owners of any swine, to suffer the same to run or go at large within the limits of the town . . . and if any swine shall be found running or going at large, within the said limits, it shall be lawful for any person whatsoever, to kill and destroy every such swine." The law then stiputated that the swine's carcass be left in situ and the owner so notified. All animals slaughtered in this manner were to be given to the poor.(48) A month later, the Act was amended to include a prohibition on wandering sheep.(49) . . . On March 23, 1732 the inhabitants of Newtown presented a petition to the Executive Council, requesting that the Princess Anne County Courthouse be moved to their community.(51) In response to their request, on April 7, 1752 "The Board having this day resumed the Consideration of the Petitioners for removing the Courthouse of Princess Anne County to New Town are of Opinion that New Town is the most firm and convenient place for the Courthouse and it is accordingly Ordered that a Commodious Court House with a Good and Sufficient Prison, and Pillory be erected at the expense of the Petitioners."(52) Prior to the agreement of the Executive Council to relocate the Courthouse at Newtown, James Nimmo, Sr. had in 1750 expressed his willingness to donate "half of a Lot of Land" for that purpose.(53) Therefore subsequent to his death on August 21, 1753, his son and heir, William Nimmo, a Princess Anne County attorney, conveyed the property to Col. Edward Hack Moseley, "half of a lott of land scituate lying and being in Newtown . . . whereon the New Courthouse now stands,"(54) thus indicating that the courthouse was built by that date; the Princess Anne County Court was located at Newtown until 1778 when it was shifted to Kempsville. The deed reiterates James Nimmo's wish to donate the land, stating that he "had agreed to transfer and convey unto the said Col. Edward Hack Moseley for the use of the said Courthouse and other Public Buildings relating thereto."(55) The deceased James Nimmo, Sr. bequested the rest of his "Lotts or Pieces of Lotts in Newtown" to his son, James, Jr.(56) . . . It would appear that the improvement of inland transportation and the relocation of the county seat to Kempsville doomed Newtown to mediocrity. Thus, at the onset of the nineteenth century, Newtown, like many other 18th century planned towns, slipped into obscurity once their political and economical raison d'etre vanished. -o- FOOTNOTE BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Nell M. Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volume I (Baltimore, 1974), 7: Patent Book I, 45. 2. Ibid., 178: Patent Book 2, 157. 3. Ibid., xxxiv. 4. Ibid., 57; Patent Book 1, 423. 5. Nell M. Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volume II, (Baltimore, 1977), 99: Patent Book 6, 379. 6. Nugent, Volume I, 354: Patent Book 4, 127. 7. C. B. Cross, Jr., The County Court, 1637-19?4, Norfolk County, Virginia (Portsmouth, 1964), 9: Lower Norfolk County Record Book A, 140. 8. Nugent, Volume I, 504, 505: Patent Book 5, 341. 9. Nugent, Volume II, 99: Patent Book 6, 379. 10. Lower Norfolk County Deeds and Wills, 1666-1675>/i>, V, fol. 8. 11. W. H. Stewart, History of Norfolk County, Virginia (Chicago, 1902), 16. 12. G. C. Mason, ed., The Colonial Vestry Book of Lynnhaven Parish, Princess Anne County, Virginia 1723-1786 (Newport News, 1949), xix. 13. Lower Norfolk County Deeds and Wills , 1666-1675, V. fol. 8. 14. Ibid., fol. 23; Princess Anne County Deeds 1691-1788, I, 349 15. Lower Norfolk County Virginia Antiquary, Volume I (Baltimore, 1897), 61. 16. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, 167. 17. Ibid., 167. 18. Lower Norfolk County Deeds and Wills , 1666-1675, V, fol. 23. 19. H.R.McIlwaine, ed., Journal of the House of Burgess (Richmond MCMXV), index. 20. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, 167. 21. Ibid., 167. 22. Ibid., 167. 23. Ibid., 167. 24. Ibid., 167. 25. Ibid., 173. 26. Crumblier D'Opterre, "Virginia: Embouchure de la Baye de Chesapeake," 1781, facsimile, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia; Unknown, "A map of Princess Anne County, prepared during the Revolution by English Army Engineers for the use of said Army while under the command of Benedict Arnold, the Traitor while he was in command at Portsmouth in 1781, "1781," facsimile, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia. 27. James Nimmo, "A Survey at the request of Capt. Jno. Hutchings a point or plott of land lying and being in New Town. . . .," December 5, 1741, Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia. 28. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, 232. 29. Ibid., 232. 30. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, 48. 31. William and Mary Quarterly, series I, Page 75. 32. Princess Anne County Deeds and Wills, 1714-1724, 532. 33. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (Richmond 1922), XXXI, 183. 34. Princess Anne County Deed Book I, Novemnber 5, 1716. 35. Ibid., VI, 403. 36. Ibid., VI, 226. 37. Ibid., VI, 226. 38. J. H. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary, Vol. I, Princess Anne County Loose Papers, 1700-1789 (Richmond, 1954), 33. 39. Ibid., 2. 40. Parks' Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg), October 13, 1738, page 4 column 2. 41. W. W. Hening, Statutes at Large (Richmond, 1820), V, 106. 42. McIlwaine, Journal of House of Burgess, 1736-1740, 401. 43. Ibid., 405, 406. 44. Hening, Statutes, V, 106. 45. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary, 16 (loose Papers, Box 2a). 46. Ibid., 167. 47. Hening, Statutes, V, 387, 388. 48. Ibid., V, 387, 388. 49. McIlwaine, Journal of House, 1742, 1748-9, 221. 50. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary, I 34 (Loose Papers, Box A6). 51. H. R. McIlwaine, ed., Executive Journal of the Council of Colonial Virginia, V, 379. 52. Ibid., V, 384. 53. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, I, 92. 54. Princess Anne County Deed Book VII, 504. 55. Ibid., VII, 504. 56. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, I, 90. 57. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary, I, 78. 58. Stewart, Norfolk County, 46. 59. H. R. McIlwaine, ed., Journal of Council of State, II (Richmond, 1932), 420. 60. W. P. Palmer, Calendar of State Papers, (Richmond), VIII, 91. 61. Unknown, "Benedict Arnold Map," 1781. 62. D'Opterre, "Embrochure de la Baye Chesapeake," 1781. 63. Unknown, "Map of Princxess Anne County," 1785, facsimile, Viginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia. 64. Creecy, Virginia Antiquary I, 128. 65. Ibid., 169 (Loose Papers, Box A43). 66. Lower Norfolk Co. Antiquary, I, 94. 67. Ibid., 94 (ft nt). 68. James Madison, "Virginia," 1807, facsimile, VRCA, Williamsburg, Virgnia. 69. Herman Boye, "Virginia," 1823, facsimile, VRCA, Williamsburg, Virginia. From An Archeological and Historical Survey of the Cultural Resources at Newtown, Norfolk, Virginia. J. Mark Whittkofski, Martha W. McCartney and Beverly Bogley, Williamsburg, Va.: Virginia Reserach Center for Archeology, December, 1979.
8-8-99 updated 2-27-02
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