The Rest of the Story: The Ancestors of Sarah May Paddock Otstott
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Lady Elizabeth FITZ ALAN (ARUNDEL) (1366?-1425)
|Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, Goushill Tomb, Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England|
|Name:||Elizabeth FITZ ALAN (ARUNDEL) 1|
|Father:||Richard FITZ ALAN (1346-1397)|
|Mother:||Elizabeth DE BOHUN (1350?-1385)|
Individual Events and Attributes
|Birth||1366 (app)||Arundel, Sussex, England|
|Occupation||Duchess of Norfolk 2|
|Death||8 Jul 1425 (age 58-59)||Hoveringham, Lancashire, England|
|Burial||St. Michael Church at Hoveringham|
|Occupation||by her second husband, Thomas Mowbray.|
|Robert Goushill||Sir Robert Goushill and his wife Elizabeth Fitz-Alan Duchess of Norfolk, Goushill Tomb, Haveringham, Nottinghamshire, England||Goushill Tomb, Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England|
|Spouse||Robert GOUSHILL (1350-1403)|
|Children||Joan GOUSHILL (1401-1460)|
|Marriage||bef 19 Aug 1401 (age 34-35)|
|Marriage||They were married without the king's license.|
Individual Note 1
Lady Elizabeth Fitzalan, Duchess of Norfolk (1366 - 8 July 1425) was an English noblewoman and the wife of Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk. Through her eldest daughter, Margaret, she was an ancestress of Queens consort Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, and the Howard Dukes of Norfolk.
Lady Elizabeth was born in Derbyshire, England, a daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and his first wife Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere.
Elizabeth had four husbands and at least six children:
Married William Montacute (married before December 1378). Also styled as William de Montagu, Knight, he was the heir apparent to William de Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury. Montacute died in a tilting match. They had no children.
Married Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl Marshal, 6th Lord Mowbray, Lord Seagrave, Knight of the Garter (1384). He died of pestilence at Venice, Italy, 22 Sept, 1399 and was buried in the Abbey of St George in Venice.
Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk (b. 17 September 1385)
John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (b. 1392)
Margaret de Mowbray, married Sir Robert Howard (1385 - 1436), and from this marriage descended Queens consort Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, and the Howard Dukes of Norfolk.
Isabel de Mowbray, married James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley
Married Sir Robert Goushill or Gousell, knight, of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire (before 18 August 1401). They were married without the king's license when her dower lands were ordered back into the king's hands. Elizabeth was pardoned on 28 Sept, 1401 and her lands were restored.
Elizabeth Goushill or Gousell (1396-1491), wife of Sir Robert Wingfield of Letheringham, Suffolk (1403-between 6 October 1452 and 21 November 1454), they were great-grandparents to Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk.
Joan or Jean Goushill or Gousell (b. 1409), wife of Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley, King of Mann, and parents of Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby.
Married Sir Gerald or Gerard Afflete (before 1411)
She died in Hoveringham, England.
1 Memorials of the Order of the Garter, from Its Foundation to the Present ... By George Frederick p. 298 accessed 1 November 20073
Individual Note 2
Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan the 11th Earl of Arundel and his wife Elizabeth de Bohun. Both the Fitz-Alan and Bohun family lines were among the highest in the peerage of medieval England. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan had a double line of direct descent from the Plantagenet Kings of England. Through her mother's Bohun line she was a direct descendant of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, and through her Fitz-Alan ancestry a direct descendant of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. She was also related by cousinship to both King Henry IV and to his first wife Mary Bohun. Elizabeth was born before 1372, (in 1415 she was given as aged 40 or more), and a best estimate would be closer to 1367. By December of 1378 she would be married to her first husband William de Montagu, son of the Earl of Salisbury. This marriage for Elizabeth would certainly have been in her childhood. William de Montagu was killed in a tilting match at Windsor in 1382. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would marry as her 2nd husband Thomas Mowbray, the Earl of Nottingham and later the Duke of Norfolk, in July of 1384. This marriage would last for 15 years until Thomas Mowbray's death in Venice on September 22, 1399. Elizabeth would have 2 sons and 2 daughters during her marriage with Thomas Mowbray. The sons were Thomas Mowbray 1385-1405 and John Mowbray 1390-1432, (both of these sons would assume the title Earl of Nottingham), the 2 daughters were Margaret who married Sir Robert Howard, and Isabel who married Henry Ferrers. In 1397 Thomas Mowbray was among those who accused and condemed Elizabeth's father Richard Fitz-Alan, the Earl of Arundel. Richard Fitz-Alan was found guilty of treason and be-headed at Cheapside on September 21, 1397. One apocryphal rumor even had Thomas Mowbray as the actual executioner of his father-in-law Richard Fitz-Alan. The now twice widowed Duchess of Norfolk would next marry Sir Robert Goushill (see his entry in Family Historian). After the death of Sir Robert Goushill at Shrewsbury in 1403, she would marry Sir Gerald Usflete of Yorkshire as her fourth husband before April 18, 1411. Sir Gerald Usflete was the steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would become a co-heiress of her brother Thomas, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, in 1415. (Thomas had died sans progeny on October 13, 1415, and his sisters had become his heirs). Sir Gerald Usflete died by Feb. 1420/21, having written his will on September 13, 1420. No children were born to Elizabeth Fitz-Alan and Gerald Usflete.
Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would live on after the death of her fourth husband Gerald Usflete until her own death on July 8, 1425. It is believed that she returned to Hoveringham in her final years. Born in the reign of King Edward III, she would live through the reigns of Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, and into the reign of Henry VI. Through blood and marriage, Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would be closely touched by nearly all of the events in this period of turbulence, violence, and political turmoil in English history.4
Individual Note 3
Elizabeth Arundel was born about 1371 (aged 44 in 1415). She married her first husband, William De Montagu, Knight, before December 1378. He was the son and heir apparent of William de Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, by his 2nd wife, Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of John Mohun, Knight of the Garter, 2nd Lord Mohun. They had no issue. He was killed in a tilting match at Windsor, Berkshire on 6 August 1382. Elizabeth married Thomas Mowbray, Knight of the Garter, 1st Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl Marshal, 6th Lord Mowbray, Lord Segrave in July 1384. They had five children. He died of pestilence at Venice, Italy on 22 September 1399 and was buried in the Abbey of St George in Venice. She married her 3rd husband, Robert Goushill (or Gousehill), knight, of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, and Barlborough and Killamarsh, Derbyshire, son and heir of Nicholas de Goushill, Knight, of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire. They married without the king's license before 19 August 1401 when her dower lands were ordered back into the king's hands. They had three daughters, John, Elizabeth and Joyce. Elizabeth was pardoned 28 September 1401 and her lands were restored. Sir Robert Goushill was slain at the Battle of Shrewsbury 21 July 1403. she married her 4th husband before 18 April 1411 (date of indenture) Gerard Usflete, knight, of Swanland, North Ferriby, and Ousefleet (in Whitgift), Yorkshire, steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in Lincolnshire, son and heir of Gerard Usflete, knight, of Swanland, North Ferriby, and Ousefleet (in Whitgift), Yorkshire, by Eleanor, daughter of Ralph Legard, of Anlaby. They had no issue. Elizabeth was co-heiress in 1415 to her brother, Thomas Arundel, Knight of Bath, Knight of the Garter, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Chief Butler of England, Treasurer of England. Sir Gerard Usflete left a will dated 13 September 1420, proved 12 February 1430/31. Elizabeth, countess of Norfolk, died 8 July 1425, and was buried with her 3rd husband in Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire.5
Individual Note 4
After this table had been cast in nearly its present form, we became aware of the study by Carl Boyer, 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert1 Abell, and its companion work, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans (both Santa Clarita, California, 2001), which together trace the majority, at least, of Elizabeth FitzAlan’s English ancestry. Therefore, we shall keep this page here for what it is worth, and correct any errors which come to our attention, but we have no immediate intention of extending its scope.
For many Americans, Elizabeth FitzAlan, wife of (among others) Robert Goushill, is a unique gateway ancestress to European royal descent. The genealogical importance of Elizabeth Fitzalan and of the two husbands by whom she left issue was underscored by Roberts in his 1977 article “The Mowbray Connection.” Although her second husband, Thomas de Mowbray, afterward 1st Duke of Norfolk, was also an ancestor of many Americans, her third husband, Robert Goushill, who was not her social equal, has no known royal descent, and so any such descents from this couple must be reckoned through her.
Roberts, in his 1977 article, p. 4, states that Elizabeth FitzAlan and Robert Goushill were ancestors of 41 of the 450 (later to become 500) immigrants in his study. Now Roberts, in The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants (RD500), and Faris, in Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, 2nd ed., in fact between them conspicuously identify 42 immigrants descended from this couple, whom we list in the following table. But some of these may be more recent discoveries than those Roberts had in mind when writing in 1977, and it is possible that some members of the original group may be concealed under the names of families from whom they could claim “better” descents, i.e. falling closer to the main stem of the English royal family. If any reader can name others, we should be glad to know.
It should be noted that although we have cited Roberts’s accounts wherever available, they do not always give the descent from Elizabeth FitzAlan explicitly when it is not the subject’s “best” royal descent. However, some of the lines treated in Faris but not in RD500 are now treated in Roberts, The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants (RD600) (2004).
Three quarters of Elizabeth FitzAlan’s entire ancestry are, in theory at least, given in W.H. Turton’s The Plantagenet Ancestry, as her paternal aunt, Alice FitzAlan, and her maternal grandmother, Elizabeth Badlesmere, were each direct ancestresses of Edward IV. However, numerous corrections are required from later writings, such as G.A. Moriarty’s Plantagenet manuscript, which reworks some of the same ground. All this ancestry is also expected to be covered in Neil D. Thompson and Charles M. Hansen’s ongoing series in The Genealogist, “A Medieval Heritage: The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England,” but so far it has only reached Elizabeth’s paternal grandparents, and it will presumably be quite some time before earlier generations are treated. A convenient summary of the progress is available through the Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II at http://www.fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/.
Meanwhile, satisfactory accounts of many of her ancestral lines are supplied in G.E. Cokayne and G.W. Watson, Seize Quartiers of the Kings and Queens of England (Exeter, 1896; reprinted from The Genealogist), and in the similar ancestor-tables of British rulers and their spouses included in the first volume of Gerald Paget, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, particularly since generations 3 through 5 of Elizabeth FitzAlan’s ancestry coincide with those of her double first cousin, Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV. Many lines, both English and continental, are scattered through Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, currently in its 7th edition (1992). The excellent treatment of the Fitzalans’ English royal descents in David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, has been followed closely.
It should be noted that this chart may be made to apply equally to its subject’s sister, Joan FitzAlan, wife of William de Beauchamp, who also has many American descendants: according to Faris, she and her husband were ancestors of Robert Abell, Grace Chetwode, St. Leger Codd, Edward Diggs, John Fisher, Warham Horsmanden, Anne Humphrey, Thomas Lansford, John Oxenbridge, Herbert Pelham, Katherine Saint Leger, Maria Johanna Somerset, and John West. Finally, a third sister, Alice FitzAlan, may have been an ancestress of Barbara Aubrey, Elizabeth Coytemore, and Capt. William Poole.
The present writer is not a mediaevalist, and this page makes no claim either to authority or originality. It is simply an attempt to gather some scattered documentation into a convenient form, in the hope that others more qualified will offer correction. (To that end, we were gratified to learn that it had been mentioned in the November 2003 update to Chris Phillips’ invaluable website Some notes on Medieval English Genealogy, at http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/whatsnew11.shtml, which has brought it increased exposure.) Standard works such as the Dictionary of National Biography, the new Complete Peerage, Sanders’ English Baronies, and the first four volumes of the original edition of Europaïsche Staamtafeln (the only ones available to us) were routinely consulted, but in the interests of brevity were not cited except in the case of a controversial point.
Some immigrant descendants of Elizabeth FitzAlan & Robert Goushill
The descents are labelled in order of decreasing importance (so far as the contribution of Elizabeth FitzAlan to the subject’s royal ancestry is concerned), in the following manner:
***** Elizabeth FitzAlan is only known royally-descended ancestor
(and spouse has no known royal ancestry)
**** Elizabeth FitzAlan provides the best known royal descent
(and spouse has no known royal ancestry)
*** Immigrant has some other equally good or better line
(and spouse has no known royal ancestry)
** Immigrant's spouse has equally good line
* Immigrant's spouse has better line
Seventeenth-century immigrants Citation
*** Robert Abell (226) 1
*** John Alston (of North Carolina) 149 252
*** John Alston (? of South Carolina) 252
*** William Asfordby 6
*** William Bladen 31
*** Mary Bourchier (wife of Jabez Whitaker) 46
** Grace Chetwode (wife of Peter Bulkeley) 269 82
***** James Claypoole 276 91
***** Norton Claypoole 91
*** Rowland Coytemore 103
***** Francis Dade 285
* Ralph Eddowes 238
*** Rowland Ellis 80 130
** John Fenwick of Salem, N.J. 238
***** Thomas Gerard 255
***** Daniel Humphrey(s) and siblings 157 260
* Jane Lowe [via Cavendish] 161 227
*** Henry Lowe [via Cavendish] 161 227
*** Nicholas Lowe [via Cavendish] 161 227
***** Mary (Mainwaring) Gill (? whether immig.) 255
***** Oliver Mainwaring 255 237
***** Francis Moryson 262
*** John Nelson 148 253
*** Margaret Nelson (wife of Thomas Teackle) 149 253
***** Mary Newdigate (wife of William Stephens) 262
***** James Edward Oglethorpe 289
** Joshua Owen 157 260
** Rebecca Owen (wife of Robert Owen) 157 260
***** Dr. Richard Palgrave 266 266
** Thomas Rudyard 274
[Note: We were kindly informed by Kevin
Bradford, of Paducah, Kentucky, of his
discovery of an improved descent
for this immigrant from Edward III, which
does not run through Elizabeth FitzAlan.
This now appears in RD600, p. 223,
and is expected to be included in the
forthcoming revision of Plantagenet
*** Anthony Savage (? whether immigrant) 253
***** Constant Southworth 245
***** Thomas Southworth (bro. of Constant) 245
*** Diana Skipwith (wife of Maj. Edward Dale) 332
*** Grey Skipwith 332
***** Edward Wingfield 281
*** Thomas Wingfield 379
***** Amy Wyllys (wife of Maj. John Pynchon) 254 387
***** Thomas Booth of Virginia --- 39
** John Fenwick of South Carolina 238 ---
***** James Edward Oglethorpe 289 ---
*** Capt. Thomas Owsley of Virginia 286 262
1 Elizabeth FitzAlan, b. about 1375 (aged “40 and more” at the death of her brother Thomas in 1415), d. 8 July 1425, sister and co-heiress of Thomas FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel. She was of a very prominent family, being double first cousin of Mary de Bohun (d. 1394), the first wife of Henry IV, and a second cousin of this king himself. She m. (1) before Dec. 1378, William de Montagu, Knt., d. s.p., v.p. 6 Aug. 1382, son and heir apparent of the Earl of Salisbury. She m. (2) July 1384, her double-third and double-fourth cousin, Thomas de Mowbray, afterward 1st Duke of Norfolk, d. 22 Sept. 1399, by whom she had four children. She m. (3) shortly before 19 Aug. 1401, Robert Goushill, Knt., of Hoveringham, co. Nottingham, who d. 21 July 1403 of wounds received in the Battle of Shrewsbury, by whom she had two daughters, their father’s coheiresses. On this marriage, without the king’s permission, her dower lands were seized by the crown (19 Aug. 1401), but were subsequently restored before his death. Elizabeth FitzAlan and Robert Goushill were ancestors of H.M. Elizabeth, the late Queen Mother, in at least six lines. She m. (4) before 18 April 1411, Gerard Usflete, Knt., whose will was proved in Feb. 1420/1. She seems to have been buried with her third husband in Hoveringham church.
2 Richard FitzAlan III, 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey, b. 1345-47, beheaded 21 Sept. 1397 at Tower Hill, Cheapside, London, and buried in the Augustinian Church. His sister, Alice, was a direct ancestress both of the brothers Edward IV and Richard III, of the latter’s wife Anne of Warwick, and of Henry VII. He m. (2) Philippe Mortimer, widow of John Hastings, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, and daughter of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, by Philippe, daughter and heiress of Lionel, Duke of Clarence (third son of King Edward III). He m. (1) (contract dated 28 Sept. 1359),
3 Elizabeth de Bohun, d. 3 April 1385, and buried at Lewes, sister of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, and 2nd Earl of Northampton, father-in-law of Henry IV.
4 Richard FitzAlan II, 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel and 9th Earl of Surrey, Justiciar of North Wales, one of the Regents of England in 1355, b. 1313 (he came of age in 1334), d. 24 Jan. 1375/6 at Arundel, and buried at Lewes, near his wife. He was restored to his fathers honours and estates in 1330-31 (4 Edw. III). On 30 June 1347, on the death without legitimate issue of his maternal uncle, John, Earl of Surrey and Sussex, he succeeded to the estates of the Warenne family. He m. (1) (marriage annulled 4 Dec. 1344) Isabel le Despenser, by whom he had issue. The Complete Peerage castigates this noble for his cynical treatment of this wife, in order whom to discard, he pursuaded the obsequious Pope Clement VI to bastardize his issue by her. His second wife was a first cousin to his first, and a papal dispensation was granted (retroactively, as it would seem) on 4 March 1344/5. In his interesting will, the earl requests burial “near to the tomb of Eleanor de Lancaster, my wife; and I desire that my tomb be no higher than hers; that no men at arms, horses, hearse, or other pomp, be used at my funeral, but only five torches … as was about the corpse of my wife, be allowed.” He leaves “to Richard, my son and heir, my best coronet, and I charge him on my blessing to keep it during his life, and then to leave it to his heir, and so to remain from heir to heir, Lords of Arundel, in remembrance of me.” He m. (2) (as her second husband) 5 Feb. 1344/5 at Ditton,
5 Alianor of Lancaster, b. ca. 1318, d. 11 Jan. 1371/2 at Arundel, and buried at Lewes, widow (having been the second wife) of John de Beaumont, Knt., 2nd Lord Beaumont, Earl of Buchan (d. May 1342). She was a second cousin of King Edward III. Her brother, Henry, Earl of Lancaster, was the maternal grandfather of King Henry IV.
6 William de Bohun, knighted by July 1331, cr. 6th Earl of Northampton (1337), b. ca. 1312, d. 16 Sept. 1360. He m. (as her second husband) in 1335-38,
7 Elizabeth de Badlesmere, d. (testate) 8 June 1356, and buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, widow of Edmund de Mortimer, Lord Mortimer of Wigmore, and sister and coheiress of Giles de Badlesmere. By her first husband she was an ancestress of Edward V, the last Plantagenet king.
8 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th or 2nd Earl of Arundel, Justice of Wales, b. 1 May 1285 in Marlborough Castle, knighted 22 May 1306, beheaded 17 Nov. 1326 at Hereford by the supporters of Queen Isabella. He was subsequently attainted, and all his estates and honours forfeited. He m. in 1305,
9 Alice de Warenne, living 1330 but d. before 23 May 1338, heiress in her issue of her brother, John, Earl of Surrey and Sussex.
10 Henry Plantagenet, cr. Earl of Leicester (1324), succeeded as Earl of Lancaster by 1326, b. ca. 1281 at Grosmont Castle, d. (testate) 22 Sept. 1345, and buried in Newark Abbey, Leicester, brother and heir of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster. He m. (1) between 30 Dec. 1291 and 2 March 1296/7,
11 Maud de Chaorces (modern Chaworth), her father’s sole heiress, b. on or about 2 Feb. 1282, d. between 19 Feb. 1317 and 3 Dec. 1322, and buried at Mottisfont Priory, of which she was patron (as heir of William de Briwere, one of the founders).
12 Humphrey de Bohun VIII, 4th Earl of Hereford and 3rd Earl of Essex, Hereditary Constable of England, b. ca. 1276 (aged 22 at his father’s death in 1298), slain 16 March 1321/2 in battle at Boroughbridge, dying testate, and buried in the church of the Friars Preachers at York. He m. (as her second husband) 14 Nov. 1302 at Westminster,
13 Elizabeth of England, b. 7 Aug. 1282 at Rhuddlan Castle, co. Caernarvon, d. 5 May 1316 at Quendon, Essex, following childbirth, and buried at Walden Abbey, widow of Jan, Count of Holland and Zeeland.
14 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere and Chilham Castle, Kent, cr. 1st Lord Badlesmere 1309, b. 1274-75 (aged 26 at the death of his father in 1301), attainted, and hanged 14 April 1322. In 1328 he is recording as holding Hothfield, Kent, by serjeanty of Chamberlain to the Archbishop of Canterbury. He m. before 20 June 1308,
15 Margaret de Clare, d. late in 1333, widow of Gilbert de Unfreville, and aunt and coheiress of Thomas de Clare, Steward of the Forest of Essex.
16 Richard FitzAlan I, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in co. Salop, 8th or 1st Earl of Arundel, b. 3 Feb. 1266/7, d. 9 March 1302, and appears to have been buried in Haughmond Abbey, co. Salop. He was created Earl of Sussex (Arundel) in 1289. He m. probably between Nov. 1281 and Nov. 1282,
17 Alasia del Vasto di Saluzzo, d. 25 Sept. 1292, and buried at Todingham Priory. Her aunt, an elder Alasia del Vasto di Saluzzo, also married an Englishman, becoming the wife of Edmund de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, in 1247. It was suggested by Wagner that the migration of these Savoyards to England was a result of the marriage in 1236 of Henry III to Éléanore de Provence, whose mother, Beatrix di Savoia, was a daughter of the ruling house, and this is corroborated by Douglas Richardson’s discovery that the marriage was indeed arranged by Queen Eleanor.
18 William de Warenne, heir in his issue of Surrey, d. (possibly murdered) v.p. 15 Dec. 1286. His sister, Isabel, was the wife of John Baliol, King of Scotland. He m. probably in June 1285,
19 Joan de Vere, d. ca. 23 Nov. 1293.
20 Edmund (Crouchback), Earl of Leicester, Derby, and Lancaster, b. 16 Jan. 1244/5 at London, d. 5 June 1296 at Bayonne, and buried in Westminster Abbey. He was a younger brother of King Edward I (no. 26). He m. (2) shortly before 18 Jan. 1275/6, at Paris,
21 Blanche d’Artois, Regent of Navarre, d. 2 May 1302 at Paris, widow of Henri I (de Champagne), King of Navarra (d. 1274), by whom she was grandmother (maternally) of Isabel of France, wife of Edward II.
22 Patrick de Chaorces V (modern Chaworth), Knt., Lord of Kidwelly and Ogmore, co. Carmarthen, Wales, and of Kempsford, co. Gloucester, and of Harley Maduit, co. Hants., b. 1253-54 (aged 25 at the death of his elder brother Pain in 1279), d. s.p.m. about 7 July 1283, brother and heir of Pain de Chaorces III (d. s.p. 1279). He m. (as her first husband),
23 Isabel de Beauchamp, d. 1306, heiress of Hartley in Hampshire, sister of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. She m. (2) Sir Hugh le Despenser, by whom she had further issue.
24 Humphrey de Bohun VII, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex, Hereditary Constable of England (deprived 1297), b. about 1249 (aged “18½” in 51 Hen. III), d. 31 Dec. 1298 at Pleshey, Essex, and buried at Walden Priory, Essex. He m. 20 July 1275,
25 Maud de Fiennes, predeceased her husband, and was buried at Walden Abbey aforesaid. If her Dammartin descent is correct (see below), she was second cousin to Eleanor, wife of Edward I.
26 Edward I (Longshanks), King of England and Duke of Aquitaine 1272, b. 17 June 1239 at Westminster, crowned 19 Aug. 1274 at Westminster, d. 7/8 July 1307 at Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, and buried in Westminster Abbey. He m. (1) 18 Oct. 1254 at Burgos,
27 Leonor de Castilla (called Eleanore by the English), Countess of Ponthieu and Montréal 1279, heiress of the Castilian claims to Gascony, b. 1240, d. 28 Nov. 1290 at Herdeby, co. Lincoln, and buried in Westminster Abbey.
28 Gunselm (not Guncelin) de Badlesmere, feudal lord of Badlesmere, Justice of Chester, d. 1301, leaving a son Bernard, aged 26 years, as his heir.
30 Thomas de Clare, feudal Lord of Thomond, b. ca. 1245-46, d. ca. 2 Feb. 1287.
31 Julian FitzMaurice, d. 1300, her father’s coheiress. She is called in an inquisition “Juliana quæ fuit uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti, filia et altera hæres … Mauritii filii Mauritii,” while another taken a little later shows that she had remarried to Adam de Cretinge, referring to “Adam de Cretinge et Juliana uxor ejus (filia Mauritii filii Mauritii defuncti) quondam uxor Thomæ de Clare defuncti.”
32 John FitzAlan III, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry, co. Salop, d. 18 March 1271/2, and buried at Haughmond Abbey, co. Salop. Like his father, he never used the title of Earl of Arundel. He m. (as her first husband) 1260,
33 Isabel Mortimer, living 1300.
34 Tomaso I del Vasto, succeeded his father as Marquis of Saluzzo in Piedmont in 1244, succeeeding as an infant, b. about 1240, d. 3 Dec. 1296. In a description of the contract of marriage of their son Manfredo dated 3 Jul 1286, Tomaso and his wife are named as “Marchese Tomaso di Saluzzo e Marchesa Alosia, padre e madre di detto Manfredo.” He m. in 1258,
35 Aluigia del Vasto di Ceva, d. 22 Aug. 1291.
36 John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey 1240, b. in or after Aug. 1231, d. “about Michaelmas” (i.e. 29 Sept.) 1304 at Kennington, near London, and buried before the high altar at Lewes Priory. He m. in Aug. 1247,
37 Alice de Lusignan, uterine half-sister of King Henry III, d. 9 Feb. 1255/6.
38 Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford 1263, b. ca. 1240 (aged either 22 or 23 at his father’s death in 1263), d. before 7 Sept. 1296, and buried at Earls Colne. He m. before 1257,
39 Alice de Sanford (or Sandford), her father’s heiress, d. probably 7 Sept. 1312 (certainly in 1311-12, 5 Edw. II) at Canfield, and buried at Earls Colne. It was by right of her that the Earls of Oxford were declared to be barons of Sandford (a barony which had no previous historical existence).
40 Henry III (of Winchester), King of England 1216, b. 1 Oct. 1207 at Winchester Castle, d. 16 Nov. 1272 at Bury St. Edmund’s, and buried in Westminster Abbey. He m. 14 Jan. 1236 at Canterbury,
41 Éléanore de Provence, b. after 1221 at Aix-en-Provence, d. 25 June 1291 at Amesbury. Her sister, Marguerite, was paternal grandmother of Marquerite de France, second wife of Edward I.
42 Robert I (Le Bon), Count of Artois, b. Sept. 1216, slain 8 Feb. 1250 at Mansourah. He m. (as her first husband) 14 June 1237,
43 Mahaut de Brabant, d. 29 Sept. 1288, sister of Henri III, Duke of Brabant, maternal grandfather of Marguerite de France, second wife of Edward I.
44 Patrick de Chaorces IV (modern Chaworth), of Stoke, co. Northampton, and feudal Lord of Kempsford, co. Gloucester, b. after 1216 (he was a minor in 23 Hen. III, i.e. 1238-39), d. 1257-58.
45 Hawise de Londres, heiress of Kidwelly, co. Carmarthen, Wales, d. in 1273-74 (2 Edw. I), leaving her son, Pain de Chaorces (III), “of full age,” her heir.
46 William de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Warwick 1268, b. ca. 1234-38 (age reported as 26-30 in 1268), d. (testate) in June 1298 at Elmley, co. Worcester, and buried 22 June following in the priory of the Friars Minor, Worcester.
47 Maud FitzJohn, d. April 1301, and buried 7 May following with her husband; widow of Sir Geoffrey de Furnivalle, of Sheffield, Yorkshire, etc., and sister and coheiress of Richard FitzJohn, Lord FitzJohn (d. 1297).
48 Humphrey de Bohun VI, d. v.p. 27 Oct. 1265 as a prisoner at Beeston Castle, co. Chester, after having been captured at the battle of Evesham on 4 Aug. of that year, and buried in Combermere Abbey. He m. (1) by 15 Feb. 1247/8,
49 Eleanor de Briouze, her father’s coheiress, d. well before 1265, and buried at Llanthony Priory, near Gloucester.
50 Enguerrand (or Ingelram) de Fiennes II, Seigneur de Fiennes in Guisnes (Pas-de-Callais), Baron de Tingry and of Ruminghen, Lord of Wendover in co. Buckingham, d. 1267. He m. in 1245,
51 Isabeau (not Agnès) de Condé.
52 = 40
53 = 41
54 Fernando III (El Santo), King of Castilla, Toledo, and Extremadura 1217, King of León and Galicia 1230, King of Córdoba by conquest 1236, Conqueror of Sevilla (1248), canonized 1671, b. July/Aug. 1201 at Monte de Valparaíso, proclaimed King of Castile on the abdication of his mother, d. 30 May 1252 at Sevilla, and buried there in the Cathedral of Santa María, canonized 15 Feb. 1671 by Pope Clement X. He m. (2) (as her first husband) 1237, before 20 Nov., at Burgos,
55 Jeanne de Dammartin, Countess of Aumale on the death of her father 1239, Countess of Ponthieu and Montreuil on the death of her mother in 1251, b. ca. 1220, d. 16 March 1278/9 at Abbeville, and buried in the monastery of Valoires, having m. (2) Jean de Nesle, Heer van Falvy.
60 Richard de Clare, 8th or 5th Earl of Gloucester (but more generally known as Earl of Clare) and 6th Earl of Hertford, b. 4 Aug. 1222, d. 15 July 1262 at Waltham, near Canterbury, Kent, and buried (finally) at Tewkesbury. He m. (2) on or before 25 Jan. 1237/8,
61 Maud de Lacy, living 1287, but d. before 10 March 1288/9.
62 Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, granted Athlone Castle and the shrievalty of Connaught 1259, Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland 1272-3, b. 1238 (?), d. 1286. He m. (2) Emeline Longspée, who is often (but erroneously) named as the mother of his daughter Julian (no. 31). He m. (1) (as her third husband) shortly before 28 Oct. 1259,
63 Maud de Prendergast, her father’s coheiress, b. about 1242, widow successively of David Fitz Maurice (d. 1249) and of Maurice de Rochford (d. 1258). Her sister, Mary de Prendergast, wife of Sir John de Cogan, was a direct ancestress of King Edward IV.
64 John FitzAlan II, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry, co. Salop, b. 1223 (came of age in 1244), d. 1267, between October (when he made his will) and 10 Nov. In right of his mother, he obtained possession of the Castle of Arundel in 1244, yet was never known as Earl of Arundel, and indeed possesed only a one-quarter right in the earldom. He m. (as her first husband),
65 Maud le Boteler, d. 27 Nov. 1283.
66 Roger Mortimer III, feudal Lord of Wigmore, Knt., b. 1226 (he attained his majority in 1247), d. shortly before 30 Oct. 1282 at Kingsland, co. Hereford, and buried at Wigmore. He m. in 1247,
67 Maud de Briouze, her father’s coheiress, and sister of Eleanor de Briouze (no. 49) above, d. shortly before 23 March 1300/1.
68 Manfredo III del Vasto, Marquis of Saluzzo about 1215 (not 1212), succeeding as a child, b. about 1204, d. 1244. He m. (as her first husband) in 1233,
69 Beatrice di Savoia, said to have been b. 1223, d. 10 May 1257 or 1258, probably 1258. She was m. (2) in 1248-49, at his father’s instigation, to Manfredi von Hohenstaufen, King of Naples and Sicily, the 14-year-old natural son of the Emperor Friedrich II, by whom she had further issue.
70 Giorgio I del Vasto, Marquis of Ceva (and Clavesana?), d. 1268.
71 ________. Although her name has been given as Menzia Elisa de Este, it has been suggested that this could be a confusion with Menzia (daughter of Ottone, marquis of Carretto), wife of Giorgio III del Vasto, a grandson of the present man.
72 William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey 1202, d. 1240. He m. (2) (as her second husband) in 1225, between Feb. and 13 Oct. 1225 (and thus within eight months of the death of her first husband),
73 Maud Marshal, d. 27 March 1248, widow of Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk (d. Feb. 1224/5), and senior coheiress of her brother Anselm, Earl of Pembroke (d. 1245).
74 Hugues X (le Brun) de Lusignan, Sire de Lusignan, Count of La Marche 1219, b. by 1190, living Aug. 1248, said to have d. 1249, and buried in the Abbey of Valence near Couhé. He m. in April or May 1220,
75 Isabel d’Angoulême, her father’s heiress, d. 24 Aug. 1246 at Fontévrault, Maine-en-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France, widow of John I, King of England (no. 80).
76 Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford, Hereditary Master Chamberlain of England, b. ca. 1210, knighted 1233, d. before 23 Dec. 1263, and buried at Earls Colne. He m. after 11 Feb. 1222/3,
77 Hawise de Quincy, survived her husband, dying 3 Feb. (year unknown), and buried at Earls Colne.
78 Gilbert de Sanford (or Sandford), Hereditary Queen’s Chamberlain, lord by serjeanty of Great Hormead and Nuthamstead (in Barkway), co. Herts, and of Fingrith, Margaretting, and Woolverston (in Chigwell), Essex, d. 1248. At the coronation of Queen Eleanor in 1236, Gilbert de Sanford stated that (in the words of Round) “of ancient right from his predecessors, he ought to be the Queen’s Chamberlain and to have the custody that say of her chamber and her door, which right he obtained.” Although his wife Lorette (le Zouche?) is often named as the mother of his daughter Alice (no. 39), this seems unlikely for, as noted by Douglas Richardson, Lorette conveyed her maritagium to a niece.
80 John I (Lackland), Count of Mortain, King of England 1199, b. 24 Dec. 1167 at Oxford, d. 19 Oct. 1216. He m. (2) (as her first husband) 24 Aug. 1200 at Bordeaux,
81 Isabelle d’Angoulême (= 75)
82 Raimond-Bérenger V, Count of Provence and Forcalquier 1209, b. 1197-98, d. 19 Aug. 1245 at Aix, aged 47 years, and buried there in the Church of the Knights of St. John. He is mentioned in Dante’s Divina CommedÏa (“Paradiso,” canto vi): “Four daughters, and each a queen, had Raymond Berenger” (“Quattro figlie ebbe, e ciascuna reina, Ramondo Beringhiere …”). These were Marguerite, wife of Louis IX of France; Éléanore, wife of Henry III of England; Sanchia, wife of Richard, King of the Romans, and Béatrix, wife of Charles of Sicily. He m. in Dec. 1220,
83 Beatrix di Savoia, d. 1265 or 1266. Matthew Paris praised her fruitfulness, comparing her to Niobe.
84 Louis VIII (Le Lion), King of France 1223, b. 5 Sept. 1187 at Paris, d. 8 Nov. 1226 at Montpensier-en-Auvergne, and buried in the Royal Abbey of St.-Denis. He m. 23 May 1200 in the Abbey of Port-Mort near Pont-Audemer, in Normandy,
85 Blanca de Castilla, Regent of France 1226-36 (during the minority of her son Louis IX) and 1248-52 (while her husband was absent during the crusades), b. 4 March 1188 at Palencia, d. 27 Nov. 1252 at Paris, and buried in the Abbey of Montbuisson.
86 Hendrik II, Duke of Brabant 1235, b. ca. 1207, d. 1 Feb. 1247/8. He m. (1) 9 Feb. 1212,
87 Maria von Hohenstaufen, b. 1201, d. 1235 (day not recorded).
88 Pain de Chaorces II (modern Chaworth), b. probably before 1198 (he is recorded, seemingly as an adult, in 2 Hen. III, i.e. 1217-18), d. 1237.
89 Gundred de la Ferté, heiress of Horsley, co. Derby.
90 Thomas de Londres (or London), lord of Kidwelly, d. before 1221.
92 William de Beauchamp IV, feudal Lord of Elmley and Salwarpe, co. Worcester, d. between 7 Jan. 1268 (when he made his will) and 9 May 1269 (when it was proved, at Worcester). He and his wife were grandparents of the first Lord Beauchamp of Kidderminster, and probably great-grandparents of the first Lord Beauchamp of Bletsoe.
93 Isabel Mauduit, probably d. before 8 Jan. 1267/8, sister and in her issue heiress of William Mauduit, Earl of Warwick (d. 1268).
94 John FitzGeoffrey, Knt., of Shere, Surrey, and Fambridge, Essex, etc., Justiciar of Ireland 1245-56, d. 23 Nov. 1258. He was ancestor, with his wife, of the FitzJohns, Lords FitzJohn. He m. before 11 April 1234 (when the castle and manor of Ewas were assigned to her as dower),
95 Isabel le Bigod, widow of Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy (now Longtown, in the parish of Clodock), co. Hereford (d. 1230).
96 Humphrey de Bohun V, 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex 1220, Constable of England, Marshall of the Royal Household 1236, d. 24 Sept. 1275, and buried by the high altar at Llanthony Priory, near Gloucester. He m. (1)
97 Maud de Lusignan d’Eu, d. 14 Aug. 1241, and buried at Llanthony Priory, near Gloucester.
98 William de Briouze, of Brecknock, feudal Lord of Abergavenny 1228, hanged 2 May 1230 by order of his stepmother’s father, Llewelyn, Prince of North Wales.
99 Eva Marshal, coheiress in her issue of her father, and sister of Maud Marshal (no. 73) above, d. before 1246.
100 Guillaume de Fiennes I, Seigneur de Fiennes in Guines (Pas-de-Callais), Baron de Tingry, Sheriff of Somerset, crusader, d. 1241 in the Holy Land. He m. (2) about 1203, Agnès de Dammartin, sister of no. 110, but AR7, line 152, states that it is “uncertain whether [his son Enguerrand (our no. 50) was a] child of Agnes or of William’s earlier wife.”
102 Nicolas I de Condé, Seigneur de Condé and Fontaines, d. by 1230, brother of Geoffroi de Condé, Bishop and Count of Cambray. He m. (as her first husband),
103 Isabeau de Morialmé, Dame de Morialmé in Hainault, living 1249, who m. (2) in 1230, Robert VII, Lord of Dendermonde, Sire de Béthune, by whom she had further issue.
108 Alfonso IX de Castilla, King of León and Gallicia 1188, b. 15 Aug. 1171 at Zamora, d. 24 Sept. 1230 at Villanueva, and buried in the chapel of San Lorenzo, in the Cathedral Santiago el Mayor at Santiago de Compostella. He m. (2) (as her second husband) in early December 1197 at Valladolid, but separated in 1204 on grounds of relationship within the canonically prohited degrees (her father being his first cousin),
109 Berengueria, heiress of Castilla, Toledo, and Extremadura 1217 (which rights she immediately ceded to her son Fernando), b. Aug. 1180 (?) at Burgos, d. 8 Nov. 1246 at Las Huelgas, near Burgos, and buried there in the Cisterican monastery of Santa María la Real, widow of Konrad of Suabia, Duke of Rothenburg, son of Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa. After her separation from King Alfonso she became a nun at Las Huelgas.
110 Simon de Dammartin, Count of Aumale, Count of Ponthieu and Montreuil, d. 21 Sept. 1239. He m. (as her first husband) before Sept. 1208,
111 Marie de Bellême, Countess of Ponthieu and Montreuil, her father’s only child and sole heiress, d. Sept. 1250.
120 Gilbert de Clare, 7th or 4th Earl of Gloucester, probably b. ca. 1180, d. (testate) 25 Oct. 1230 near Penros, in Bretagne, and buried at Tewkesbury. He m. (as her first husband) 9 Oct. 1217,
121 Isabel Marshal, d. 17 Jan. 1239/40 at Berkhampstead, of jaundice, and buried at Beaulieu, co. Hants, having m. (2) Richard, Earl of Cornwall, second son of King John. She was a sister to Maud Marshal (no. 73) and Eva Marshal (no. 99) above.
122 John de Lacy, Constable of Chester, Earl of Lincoln jure uxoris 1232, b. ca. 1192, d. 22 July 1240, and buried near his father in the monks’ choir at Stanlaw. He m. (2) (as her first husband) before 21 June 1221,
123 Margaret de Quincy, heiress of Lincoln and Bolingbroke in right of her mother, d. probably in March 1266, and buried near her father in the church of the Hospitallers at Clerkenwell.
124 Maurice (The Friar) FitzGerald, Lord of Lea, Justiciar of Ireland 1232, 2nd Baron of Offaly 1245, Commissioner of the Treasury and Councillor, 1250, laid the foundations of Sligo Castle, b. ca. 1190-94, knighted in July 1217, d. 1257 at the Monastery of Youghal, which he had founded, and buried there.
125 (?) Julian ____. Turton’s statement that she was Juliana de Cogan, daughter of Sir John de Cogan and Marie de Prendergast, is impossible.
126 Gerald de Prendergast, of Beauvoir (or Carrigaline) and of Ballacha in Orrery, co. Cork, Ireland, d. 1251.
127 Maud FitzWalter.
128 John FitzAlan, feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry, co. Salop, d. 1240, heir to his brother William III FitzAlan, who d. s.p. around Easter 1215. He m. (1)
129 Isabel d’Aubigny, d. by 1240, sister and in her issue coheiress of William d’Aubigny, Earl of Arundel.
130 Theobald le Botiller, by some styled 2nd Baron Butler (in the Peerage of Ireland), Lord Justice of Ireland 1247, b. 1199-1200 (aged 6 years in 1206), d. 19 July 1230 in Poitou, and buried in the Abbey of Arklow. His eldest son by his second wife, known as John de Verdun, was the ancestors of the barons Verdun. He m. (2) shortly after 4 Sept. 1225,
131 Rohese de Verdun, d. before 22 Feb. 1246/7, buried in the Priory of Grace Dieu Monastery, in Belson, co. Leicester (which she had founded); said to have been her father’s sole heiress; she was heiress of Alton, etc.
132 Ralph Mortimer II, feudal Lord of Wigmore, co. Herts, d. 6 Aug. 1246, and buried at Wigmore. He m. in 1230,
133 Gwladus (Ddu [The Dark-Eyed]) ferch Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, of Gwynedd, d. 1251 at Windsor, widow of Reynold de Briouze (no. 196), feudal Lord of Abergavenny.
134 = 98
135 = 99
136 Bonifazio del Vasto, Marquis of Saluzzo, b. say 1182, succeeded his father in 1215, d. 1218. He m. 24 Aug. 1202,
137 Maria de Lacon-Gunale, living 1215.
138 Amadeo IV di Savoia, Duke of Savoy 1233, b. about 1197, d. in June or July 1253 at the Castle of Montmélian, aged 56 years. He m. (1) between late 1216 and 1222, probably in 1217-18,
139 Marguerite (or Anne?) de Bourgogne d’Albon, b. 1192 (?), d. 1243.
140 Guglielmo II del Vasto, Marquis of Ceva and Clavesana, succeeded his father in 1197, d. 1219.
141 ____ del Vasto di Saluzzo.
142 (?) Alberto [i.e. Adalbert?] di Este.
144 Hamelin (Plantagenêt), Viscount of Touraine, 5th Earl of Surrey jure uxoris 1164, d. 7 May 1202, illegitimate half-brother of King Henry II. He m. in 1164, probably in April,
145 Isabel de Warenne, heiress of Surrey, b. about 1137, d. living April 1203 but d. probably soon afterwards, possibly on 12 June 1203, and buried in the Chapter House at Lewes, the childless widow of William of Blois, 4th Earl of Surrey jure uxoris.
146 William Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke and Striguil jure uxoris, Regent of England during the minority of Henry III from 29 Oct. 1216 until his own death; b. probably in 1146, knighted 1173, d. 14 May 1219 at Caversham, near Reading, and buried in the Temple Church, London. “In his younger days he was regarded as a model of chivalry; in his maturity and old age, unswerving loyalty was his most notable characteristic” (Complete Peerage). He m. Aug. 1189 at London,
147 Isabel de Clare, Countess of Pembroke suo jure 1185, d. 1220 (day not recorded), and buried at Tintern Abbey.
148 Hugues IX (le Brun) de Lusignan, Sire de Lusignan, Count of La Marche 1199, d. 1219 in the conquest of Damietta. He was the elder brother of Amaury de Lusignan, King of Cyprus and Jerusalem, and of Guy de Lusignan, King of Jerusalem. He m. in 1194, Mathilde d’Angoulême, heiress and co-ruler of Angoulême 1181-. Some older works make her the mother of Hugues X (our no. 74), and we followed this account in an earlier version of these notes, but it is impossible given the chronology, and would have made Hugues X and his wife related within the prohibited degree (she being this Mathilde’s first cousin). He m. (2) before 1190,
149 Agathe de Preuilly.
150 Adémar III Taillefer, Count of Angoulême 1181 with his brother Guillaume and their niece Mathilde (daughter and heiress of their elder brother Wulgrin III), b. ca. 1137, d. in or shortly after 1218, and buried in the Abbey of La Couronne. He m. (as her first husband) 1186,
151 Alix/Adelheid de Courtenay, b. ca. 1160, d. 1218, former wife (divorced on account of consanguinity) of Guillaume I, Count of Joigny, and sister of Peter II (de Courtenay), Emperor of the East.
152 Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford 1214, Hereditary Master Chamberlain of England, b. probably after 1164, d. before 25 Oct. 1221, and buried at Hatfield Priory.
153 Isabel de Bolebec, d. 3 Feb. 1245, and buried in the church of the preaching friars at Oxford (which she had founded), (childless?) widow of Henry de Nonant, lord of Totnes, sister of Walter de Bolebec, and coheiress (and eventual sole heiress) to her niece Isabel, Countess of Oxford.
154 Saher de Quincy III or IV, recognized as 1st Earl of Winchester by 1207, but forfeited his lands in 1215 for participating in the baronial opposition to King John; d. 3 Nov. 1219 in the siege of Damietta, and buried at Acre.
155 Margaret FitzPernel, d. probably 12 Jan. 1234/5, sister and coheiress of Robert FitzPernel, Earl of Leicester (d. 1204).
156 (almost certainly) John de Sanford (or Sandford), who in 1212 held by serjeanty the lands in Essex which were inherited by Gilbert de Sanford.
160 Henry II (Courtemanche [Court-mantle]), King of England, Duke of Normandy and Maine, and Count of Anjou 1154, b. 5 March 1133 at Le Mans, d. 6 July 1189 at Chinon in Normany, and buried in the Abbey of Fontévrault, Maine-en-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France. He m. (as her second husband) 18 May 1152 at Bordeaux (or Poitiers?),
161 Alienor d’Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine suo jure, b. ca. 1124 (aged 13 at her first marriage in 1137) at Nieul-sur-l’Autize in Vendée, d. 31 March 1204 at Fontévrault-l’Abbaye, Maine-en-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France, the divorced wife of Louis VII (no. 336), King of France, by whom she had issue.
164 Alfonso II, Count of Provence 1185, d. in late Feb. 1209 at Palermo. He m. July 1193,
165 Garsende II de Sabran-Forcalquier, Countess of Focalquier, which she inherited in right of her mother, becamse a nun in the Abbey of La Celle in 1222; b. ca. 1180, d. ca. 1242.
166 Tomaso I, Count of Savoy 1188, b. 20 May 1177 at the castle of Charbonnières, Savoy, d. 1 March 1233 at Aosta, and buried there in the Cathedral Church. He m. (2) in May 1195,
167 Béatrice-Marguerite de Genève, d. 8 April 1257.
168 Philippe II (Auguste), King of France 1180, participated in third crusade, b. 21 Aug. 1165, d. 14 July 1223. His elder half-sister Marguerite was the wife of Henry “The Young King,”, crowned during his father’s lifetime, eldest son of Henry II of England. He m. (1) 28 April 1180,
169 Isabelle de Hainaut, titular Countess of Artois, b. April 1170, d. 15 March 1190.
170 Alfonso VIII (El Noble), Lord of Gascony 1204, King of Castilla, Toldeo, and Extremadura 1158, b. 11 Nov. 1155 at Soria, d. during the night of 5-6 Oct. 1214 at Gutiérre Múñoz, a village of Arévalo, and buried in the Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real (called del las Huelgas) near Burgos, which his wife had founded in 1158. He m. early Sept. 1180,
171 Eleanor of England, b. 13 Oct. 1162 at Domfront, Normandy, d. 25 Oct. 1214 at Burgos, and buried with her husband.
172 Hendrik I, Duke of Brabant, d. 5 Sept. 1235. He m. (1) 1179,
173 Mathilde de Boulogne, d. ca. 1210-11.
174 Philipp von Hohenstaufen, King of Germany, b. 1176, d. 23 June 1208. He m. (as her first husband) 25 May 1197,
175 Eirene Angelina, b. 1172, d. 27 Aug. 1208, widow of Ruggiero, Duke of Apulia (d. 1193), and sister of Alexios IV, Eastern Emperor.
176 Patrick de Chaorces III (modern Chaworth), d. 1199 (?), feudal lord of Kempsford, in Gloucestershire.
177 (?) Werberg ____.
178 William de la Ferté, of Meredon, Wilts., d. 1216. He m. (as her first husband),
179 Margery de Briwere, living 1233, sister and coheiress of William de Briwere II (d. 1233).
180 (de Londres/London)
184 William de Beauchamp III, feudal Lord of Salwarpe, co. Worcester, and of Bedford, b. ca. 1184, d. 1262. He m. (1)
185 Isabel de Mortimer.
186 William Mauduit III, feudal Lord of Hanslope, co. Bucks, and Hartley Mauduit, co. Hants, d. 1257.
187 Alice de Newburgh, living in the first quarter of 1246/7, but d. before 25 Feb. 1262/3, aunt of the half-blood, and in her issue heiress, of Margaret, Countess of Warwick (d. 1253).
188 Geoffrey FitzPiers, Justiciar of England 1198, Earl of Essex 1199, d. 14 Oct. 1213, and buried in Shouldham Priory, which he founded. He m. (2) between Mary 1204 and 29 May 1205,
189 Aveline de Clare, d. between 22 Nov. 1220 and 4 June 1225, widow of William de Munchanesy, of Swanscombe, Kent, etc. (who d. shortly before 7 May 1204).
190 Hugh le Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk 1221, d. 1225. He m. (as her first husband) probably before Lent 1207,
191 Maud Marshal (= 73).
192 Henry de Bohun, created 1st Earl of Hereford 1200, Constable of England, b. probably after 1165 (a minor at the death of his father ca. 1187), d. 1 June 1220 on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and buried in the chapter house of Llanthony Priory, near Gloucester. He m. (as her first husband),
193 Maud FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, Countess of Essex suo jure, d. 27 Aug. 1236, sister and heiress of William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (d. 1227).
194 Raoul II de Lusignan, called d’Exoudun, Sire of Mello, of Sivray, and of Chisay (or Chisé) in Poitou, ruled the County of Eu in conjunction with his wife, d. 1219, between 28 April and 17 May, at Melle in Poitou (and not in the Holy Land as sometimes stated), and was buried in the Priory of Fontblanche at Exoudun, which he had founded.
195 Alix d’Eu, d. between 13 and 15 May 1246 at La Mothe-Saint-Héray in Poitou, and buried (probably) in the Priory of Fontblanche at Exoudun, Lady of Hastings, sister and heiress of Raoul I, Count of Eu.
196 Reynold de Briouze, feudal Lord of Abergavenny 1216, d. between 5 May 1227 and 9 June 1228. He m. (2) in 1215, Gwladus Ddu (no. 133), daughter of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, of Gwynedd. He m. (1) before 1215,
197 Grecia de Briwere, coheiress in her issue of her father, d. 1223.
198 = 146
199 = 147
200 Ingelran/Enguerrand de Fiennes I, Seigneur de Fiennes in Guines (Pas-de-Callais), crusader, d. 1218 (?). He m. by 1180,
201 Sibylle de Boulogne de Tingry, Dame de Tingry.
204 Roger de Condé, Seigneur de Condé and de Fontaines.
205 Alix de Mons.
206 Arnold de Morialmé, Seigneur de Bailleul and Morialmé in Hainault, etc., “one of the heads of the Liege army with Thierry, Sire de Rochefort, and Hugues de Florines who in 1223 gained a signal victory against the Duke of Brabant” (Sellers).
216 Fernando II de Castilla, King of León, Galicia, and Extremadura 1157, b. 1137, d. 21 Jan. 1188 at Benavente, and buried in the chapel of San Lorenzo, in the cathedral of Santiago el Mayor at Santiago de Compostela. He m. (1) May/June 1165 without papal dispensation, and separated in 1175 for relationship within the canonically prohibited degrees (they being scond cousins),
217 Urraca of Portugal, b. ca. 1150, d. 16 Oct. 1188, and buried in the Monastery of San Juan Bautista of the Knights of St. John, at Bamba, where she had become a nun following the dissolution of her marriage.
218 = 170
219 = 171
220 Alberic II de Dammartin, Seigneur de Lillebonne, Count of Dammartin, d. 19/20 Sept. 1200 in exile at London.
221 Mahaut ____.
222 Guillaume III Talvas de Bellême, Count of Ponthieu and of Montreuil 1191, b. about 1178, d. 4 Oct. 1221. He m. 20 Aug. 1195,
223 Alix de France, b. ca. 1170, living 1218, full sister of Philippe II Auguste, King of France.
240 Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford (but more generally known as Earl of Clare) 1173, d. 1217, between 30 Oct. and 28 Nov. He was a brother of Aveline de Clare (no. 189) above. He m., but apparently separated from by 1200,
241 Amicie of Gloucester, coheiress, and eventual sole heir, of her father; heiress of Gloucester, said to have d. 1 Jan. 1224/5.
242 = 146
243 = 147
244 Roger de Lacy, Constable of Chester, feudal Lord of Pontefract 1194 (which was ceeded to him during her lifetime by his paternal grandmother, Aubrey de Lisours), d. 1211. He took the name Lacy from his father’s mother’s mother.
245 Maud de Clare.
246 Robert de Quincy, d. v.p. 1217 at London, heir apparent to his father, and brother of Hawise de Quincy (no. 77 above).
247 Hawise de Kyvelioc, Countess of Lincoln and feudal Baroness of Bolingbroke suo jure Oct. to Nov. 1232, having been resigned the earldom by her brother Ranulph, Earl of Chester (who subsequently d. s.p. in 1232). She in turn almost immediately afterward resigned the earldom to her son-in-law, John de Lacy (no. 122). She d. between 6 June 1241 and 3 March 1242/3. Her sister, Maud, was the wife of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, and ancestress of all the post-1292 rulers of Scotland.
248 Gerald FitzGerald, Baron of Offaly jure uxoris, b. probably by 1150, d. shortly before 1203/4. He m. (as her first husband),
249 Eva de Bermingham, heiress of Offaly, d. between June 1223 and Dec. 1226.
252 Philip de Prendergast
253 Maud de Quincy
254 Theobald FitzWalter, b. 1160, d. 1205.
255 Maud le Vavasour, b. 1187, d. 1226.
256 William FitzAlan II, feudal lord of Oswestry, and of Clun jure uxoris, both in co. Salop, probably b. ca. 1154 (he apparently came of age in 1175), succeeded to the paternal estate in 1160, d. 1210. He m.
257 ____ de Lacy, sister of Walter de Lacy.
258 William d’Aubigny IV, Earl of Arundel, Justiciar of England, b. after 1173, d. shortly before 30 March 1221 at Cainell, near Rome, returning from a crusade, and buried at Wymondham Priory.
259 Mabel le Meschin, coheiress, in her issue, of her brother Ranulph “de Blundeville,” Earl of Chester.
260 Theobald FitzWalter le Botiller, by some styled 1st Baron Butler (in the Peerage of Ireland), d. between 4 Aug. 1205 and 14 Feb. 1205/6, and buried at Wotheny Abbey, co. Limerick, which he founded. He m. shortly before 1200,
261 Maud le Vavasour, heiress of Edlington, Newborough, etc., in co. York., who m. (2) in 1207, Fulk FitzWarin.
262 Nicholas de Verdun, lord of Alton, co. Stafford, d. 1205.
264 Roger Mortimer II, feudal lord of Wigmore, co. Hereford, d. before 19 Aug. 1214.
265 Isabel de Ferrers, d. before 29 April 1252.
266 Llywelyn (Fawr [The Great]) ab Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales, b. 1173, d. 11 April 1240 at Aberconwy, and buried in the abbey there. Although he was married to Joan Plantagenet, natural daughter of King John, modern scholars are nearly unanymous in believing that the mother of his daughter Gwladus (no. 133) was his concubine Tangwystl, below.
267 (probably) Tangwystl ferch Llywarch Goch, d. by 1205.
272 Manfredo II, Marquis of Saluzzo, b. ca. 1155, d. 22 April 1215. He m. in June 1182,
273 Alasia di Monferrato, d. 22 July 1202.
274 Comita II de Lacon-Gunale, Justiciar (Giudice) of Torres in Sardegna (Sardinia) in 1198, b. say 1160, d. 1218. He m. (1) (as her second husband),
275 Sinispella de Lacon-Serra, d. by 1205, widow of Ugo-Poncio de Cervera, Viscount of Bas (d. 1185).
276 = 166
277 = 167
278 Hugues III, Duke of Bourgogne 1162, d. 25 Aug. 1192. He m. (2) 12 Sept. 1183,
279 Béatrix d’Albon, Dauphine of Viennois, d. 1228.
280 Guglielmo I del Vasto, Marquis of Ceva and Clavesana, d. 1197.
281 ____ di Vento.
288 Geoffroi V (Martel or Plantagenêt), Count of Anjou and Maine, b. 24 Aug. 1113, d. 7 Sept. 1151 at Château-du-Loir, and buried in the Cathedral Church of St. Julien at Le Mans; his enamel funerary plaque survives in the Tessé museum at Le Mans.
289 (an unknown mistress)
290 William de Warenne III, 3rd Earl of Surrey 1138, crusader, d. s.p.m. 19 Jan. 1147/8. His sister, Ada, was the wife of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, and mother of Kings Malcolm IV and William “The Lion.” He m. (as her first husband)
291 Ala de Montgomery, said to have d. 4 Oct. 1174, who m. (2) Patrick de Salisbury, 1st Earl of Wiltshire or Salisbury.
292 John (FitzGilbert) le Marshal, d. 1165, before Michaelmas (i.e. 29 Sept.), at Salisbury. He m. (2) by 1146,
293 Sibylle de Salisbury, sister of Patrick de Salisbury, 1st Earl of Wiltshire.
294 Richard (Strongbow) FitzGilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke 1148 or 1149, b. 1130, d. probably 20 April 1176, at Dublin, and buried there in Holy Trinity (Christ Church) Cathedral.
295 Aoife MacMurrough, living 1186, de facto heiress of her father (although she had brothers who left issue).
296 Hugues VIII (le Vieux) de Lusignan, Seigneur de Lusignan 1151, went on crusades in 1163, taken prisoner at the battle of Harenc in 1165, and presumed to have d. shortly thereafter. He m. in 1140-41,
297 Bourgogne de Rançon, Dame de Fontenay, d. 11 April 1169.
298 Pierre II Montrabel, Baron de Preuilly, Seigneur de La Roche-Posay, d. 1204 (?). He m. in 1175,
299 Aénor de Mauléon, living 1204.
300 Guillaume Taillefer IV, Count of Angoulême 1140, d. 7 Aug. 1178 at Messina on his way to the Holy Land. He m. (2) (as her third husband) 1150,
301 Marguerite de Turenne, living 1201, widow of Adémar IV, Viscount of Limoges, and former wife (separate on account of consanguinity) of Ebles III, Viscount of Ventadour.
302 Pierre I de France, Seigneur de Courtenay jure uxoris, crusader, b. ca. 1125-26, d. ca. 1180-83 (by 25 March 1183), younger brother of Louis VII (no. 336), King of France. He m. after 1150,
303 Isabel/Élisabeth de Courtenay, Dame de Courtenay, b. ca. 1135, d. 14 Sept., after 1205.
304 Aubrey de Vere III, 1st Earl of Oxford 1142, b. probably ca. 1110, d. 26 Dec. 1194, and buried at Colne. He m. (3) in 1162 or 1163,
305 Agnes de Essex, b. 1151 or 1152, survived her husband, and buried beside him at an unknown date.
306 Hugh (II) FitzWalter de Bolebec, feudal lord of Whitchurch, co. Bucks., founder of Woburn Abbey, d. 1165.
308 Robert de Quincy, accompanied King Richard I to the Holy Land in 1190, d. before Michaelmas (i.e. 29 Sept.) 1197. His first wife, from whom he was “apparently separated” (CP), was Orable, d. before 30 June 1203, daughter and de facto heiress of Nes of Mar, son of William, lord of Leuchars; she seems to have m. (2) Gilchrist, 3rd Earl of Mar. CP makes her the mother of his son Saher (no. 154). However, according to Domesday Descendants, Saher’s mother was his second wife Hawise, and the correctness of this statement is strongly suggested both by Saher’s inheritance of Hawise’s dower lands, and by his naming of a daughter Hawise (no. 77). Robert de Quincy m. (2)
309 (?) Hawise, Countess of Lincoln, daughter of Hugh II, Earl of Chester.
310 Robert (ès Blanchemains), 3rd Earl of Leicester, Steward of England and of Normandy, crusader, d. in 1190 at Durazzo, on return from Jerusalem.
311 Pernel de Grandmesnil, d. 1 April 1212, heiress of the honor of Grandmesnil. According to the Complete Peerage, s.v. Leicester, she was “great-granddaughter of Hugh de Grandmesnil, the Domesday tenant, but her parentage has not been discovered.”
320 Geoffroi V Plantagenêt (also called Martel) (= 288). He m. (as her second husband) 22 May 1127 at Rouen, and/or 3 April 1127 at Le Mans,
321 Maud of England, heiress of England, known as “The Empress” after her first marriage, b. 7 Feb. 1102 at Winchester, d. 10 Sept. 1167 at the Priory of the Pré de Rouen, and buried in the Abbey of Bec, widow of Emperor Heinrich V (d. 1125), by whom she had not issue.
322 Guillaume VIII or X, Duke of Aquitaine, b. 1099 at Toulouse, d. 9 April 1137 at Saint Jacques-de-Compostelle, Galicia, Spain, and buried there in the Metropolitan Church. He m. (1) 1121,
323 Alienor de Châtellerault, b. 1103 at Châtellerault, in Vienne, d. after March 1130, but probably before 1137, and buried in the Abbey of St. Vincent at Niœuil-sur-l’Autise.
328 Alfonso II Ramón (le Chaste), King of Aragón, Count of Barcelona, Cerdagne, and Besalu; Count and Marquis of Provence 1162, b. May 1152, d. 25 April 1196 at Perpignan, and buried in the Abbey of Poblet in Catalonia. He m. (2) 18 Jan. 1174/5,
329 Sancha de Castilla, b. 21 July 1154, d. Nov. 1208 as a nun in the Abbey of Xixena in Aragón.
330 Reinier I de Sabran, Seigneur de Castellar, d. 1224. He m. (1)
331 Garsende de Forcalquier, heiress of Forcalquier.
332 Umberto III (le Saint) de Savoie, Count of Savoy, b. 1 Aug. 1136 at Vigliana, d. 4 March 1188/9 (?) at Chambéry, and buried in the Cistercian Abbey of Haute-Combe in Savoy. He m. (4) ca. 1175,
333 Béatrix de Maçon, d. 1230, before 8 April.
334 (probably) Guillaume I, Count of Geneva, d. 25 July 1195, and buried in the monastery of Ste. Catherine-sur-Annecy.
335 (probably) Beatrix [de Faucigny?], buried with her husband.
336 Louis VII (Le Jeune), King of France, b. 1120, d. 18 Sept. 1180. He m. (3) 13 Nov. 1160 at Paris,
337 Alix/AdËle de Champagne, d. 4 Oct. 1206 at Paris, and buried in the Abbey of Pontigny in Bourgogne.
338 Baudouin V (le Courageux), Count of Hainaut 1171, b. 1150, d. in late Dec. 1195 at Mons. He m. (as her second husband) (contract April 1169),
339 Marguerite of Flanders, b. 1145, d. 15 Nov. 1194 at Bruges, and buried at Saint-Donatien, widow of Raoul II, Count of Vermandois.
340 Sancho III (El Deseado), King of Nájera by 1149, King of Castilla and Toledo 1157, b. 1134, d. 31 Aug. 1158 at Toldeo, and buried there in the Cathedral of Santa María. He m. 30 Jan. 1150/1 at Calahorra,
341 Blanca de Navarra, b. ca. 1137, d. 12 Aug. 1156, and buried at Nájera, in the Cathedral of Santa María la Real.
342 = 160
343 = 161
344 Godefroi III de Brabant, Duke of Lower Lorraine and Count of Louvain 1142, d. 10 Aug. 1190. He m. (1) 1155,
345 Margarete von Limburg, d. 1172.
346 Matthieu de Lorraine, Count of Boulogne jure uxoris, slain 25 July 1173 at Driencourt. He m. (1) before 1160, but divorced in 1169-70,
347 Mary of England, Countess of Mortagne and Boulogne, b. ca. 1136, d. 1182 at St. Austrebert, and buried there.
348 Friedrich III (Barbarossa) von Hohenstaufen, Duke of Swabia 1147, Count of Bourgogne jure uxoris 1148, King of Germany 1152, Holy Roman Emperor 1155, b. 1122, d. 10 June 1190. He m. (2) 10/16 June 1156,
349 Béatrix I de Bourgogne, Countess of Bourgogne 1148, b. 1143-45, d. 15 Nov. 1184, her parents’ only daughter and sole heiress.
350 Isaakios II Angelos, Emperor of the East 1185-95, 1203-04, b. ca. 1155, d. in late Jan. or in Feb. of 1204. He m. (1)
351 ________, d. by 1185.
352 Payn de Chaorces I (modern Chaworth), feudal lord of Kempsford, in Gloucestershire, succeeding his father before 1155, d. 1170.
356 (de la Ferté)
358 William de Briwere, feudal lord of Petworth, Sussex, of Torre, Devonshire, and of Horsley, Derbyshire; Sheriff of Devon 1179-1209, d. 1226.
359 Beatrix de Vaux
368 William FitzGeoffrey, b. ca. 1158, d. by 1221.
369 Olive de Beachamp, heiress of Eaton.
372 Robert Mauduit, feudal Lord of Hanslope, co. Bucks (and of Hartley Mauduit, co. Hants?), succeeding his father in 1195; d. 1222. He m. in 3 John (i.e. 1201-02),
373 Isabel Basset, coheiress of Thurstan Basset.
374 Waleran de Newburgh, 4th Earl of Warwick 1184, d. possibly 23 Dec. 1203, and certainly before 13 Oct. 1204. He m. (2) ca. 1196,
375 Alice de Harcourt, living in Sept. 1212, widow of John de Limesy, lord of Cavendish, Suffolk.
376 Piers de Lutegareshale,
377 Maud ____, who m. (2) Hugh de Boclande.
378 Roger (The Good) de Clare, Earl of Clare or of Hertford, d. 1173.
379 Maud de St. Hillary.
380 Roger le Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk 1189, d. in 1221, before 2 Aug.
381 Ida ____, of unknown parentage. She was also the mistress of Henry II, King of England (504), to whom she bore a son.
384 Humphrid de Bohun IV, lord of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, and Hereditary Constable of England by 1165, d. ca. 1187. He m. before Easter 1171,
385 Margaret of Scotland, b. after 1139, d. 1201, and buried at Sawtrey Abbey, widow of Conan (le Petit), Duke of Britanny and Earl of Richmond.
386 Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex.
387 Beatrix de Say, d. by 1197.
388 = 296
389 = 297
390 Henry d’Eu, Count of Eu, Lord of Hastings, d. 16 or 17 March 1183, and buried in the Abbey of Foucarmont. He m. (as her first husband)
391 Mahaut de Warenne, d. in or after 1212, “and buried, it is said in the Abbey of Foucarmont, but, perhaps, in that of Valmont” (CP), who m. (2) Henry d’Estouteville, of Eckington, co. Derby, etc., Seigneur de Valmont and Rames in Normandy.
392 William III de Briouze, Lord of Briouze, Bramber, Brecon, Over Gwent, etc., d. 9 Aug. 1211 at Corbeil, near Paris, and buried the following day in the Abbey of St. Victor at Paris. “In consequence of his well-known quarrel with King John, his lands were forfeited in 1208, and his wife and first son starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or of Windsor) in 1210.”
393 Maud de St. Valery, Lady of “La Haie,” d. 1210.
394 = 358
395 = 359
400 Eustace II de Fiennes “the Old,” Seigneur de Fiennes in Guines (Pas-de-Callais), founder of the Abbey of Beaulieu in the diocese of Therouanne, Boullonois. The chronicler Lambert of Ardres, in his History of the Counts of Guines, writes (our translation): “Eustacius, known as the Old, had [three] sons [including]: Eustacius…, who was married with Margaret, daughter of Arnold, Count of Guines, who rests in the Lord having left no issue of his seed; [and] Ingelram, who was married with a noblewoman of Tingry, Sibilla, sister of William Faramus, and by her engendered Willelmus, Thomas, and Eustacius, and daughters….” The consistency of the chronology is suggested by the fact that the same work shows the said William Faramus of Tingry as having married Beatrix, sister of his wife’s sister-in-law Marguerite de Guines. It will be seen from this account that it was not he but his son of the same name who married Marguerite de Guines.
401 (?) Anne de Dreux, according to Turton, although she is not named by Lambert of Ardres, and Anselme gives her name as unknown.
402 Faramus/Pharamus de Boulogne, Seigneur de Tingry.
403 Mathilde ____.
410 Gossuin III de Mons, Châtelain de Mons, Sire de Baudour.
411 Beatrix de Rumigny.
432 Alfonso VII (El Bueno), King of Galicia 1111, King of Castilla, León, and Toledo 1112, King of Zaragoza 1134, Emperor of Spain 1135, b. 1 March 1105 at Galicia, d. 21 Aug. 1157 at Fresneda, near the Puerto de Muradal in the Sierra Morena range, and buried at Toledo, in the Cathedral of Santa Marí. He m. (1) Nov. 1128 at Saldaña,
433 Berengaria de Barcelona, b. ca. 1114, d. Jan. 1149 at Palencia, and buried in the cathedral of Santiago el Mayor at Santiago de Compostela.
434 Affonso I Henriques (O Conquistador), King of Portugal 1143-1185, b. July 1110 at Guimarãens, d. 6 Dec. 1185 at Coimbra, and buried with his wife. He m. in 1146,
435 Mafalda di Savoia, d. 4 Dec. 1157 at Coimbra, and buried there in the Church of Santa Cruz.
440 Alberic I de Dammartin, Count of Dammartin, living 1162. He m. (as her second husband)
441 (?) Clémence de Bar, widow of Renaud II, Count of Clermont en Beauvoisis; she m. (3) Thibaut III, Seigneur de Nanteuil-Haudouin in Valois.
444 Jean I, Count of Ponthieu and Montreuil 1147 (succeeding as an infant), d. 1191 in the siege of Acre; his corpse was returned to France and buried in the Abbey of Saint-Josse-aux-Bois in Ponthieu. He m. (3)
445 Béatrix de St.-Pol, living 1190.
446 = 336
447 = 337
480 = 378
481 = 379
482 William FitzRobert, Earl of Gloucester, d. s.p.m.s. 1183.
483 Hawise de Beaumont-le-Roger.
488 John FitzRobert, Constable of Chester, d. v.m. 11 Oct. 1190 at Tyre, while on crusade, having founded Stanlaw Abbey in co. Chester.
489 Alice de Vere.
492 = 154
493 = 155
494 Hugh de Kyvelioc, Earl de Chester.
495 Bertrade de Montfort, d. 1227.
496 Maurice FitzGerald, Dapifer of St. David’s in Wales and Baron of the Naas in Ireland, d. 1177.
497 Alice de Montgomery
498 Robert de Bermingham, Baron of Offaly
504 Maurice de Prendergast
506 Robert de Quincy, b. 1145, d. 1172.
507 Basilea de Clare, b. 1158, d. 1203.
508 Hervey FitzWalter
509 Maude de Valoines
510 Sir Robert le Vavasour
511 Julian de Ros
1. Gary Boyd Roberts, “The Mowbray Connection,” The Connecticut Nutmegger, vol. 10, no. 1 (June 1977): 3-12, in which he describes his enormous unpublished project to trace their ancestors and descendants. See also, respecting this project, the same author’s The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants (1993), pp. xvii-xxi.
2. In Roberts, see especially p. xix. In Faris, lines deriving from Elizabeth FitzAlan and Robert Goushill begin at pp. 38, 90, 101, 145, 152, 167, 212, 258, 259, 261, 264, 323, 326, 356, 357, 377, and 386, and in most cases footnotes draw attention to all colonial immigrants in each group of descent, but there are a few slips in this respect.
3. When Roberts was writing in 1977, he may have been including in his total two immigrants, William Fairfax, of Virginia, and Mary Launce, wife of the Rev. John Sherman, of Massachusetts, whom he had named as Goushill descendants in his unpublished manuscript The Mowbray Connection (our copy of which is dated 1966). However, the treatments of these two immigrants in RD500 (pp. 43 & 176, respectively), and in Faris, do not reveal obvious Goushill descents, and it would require some effort to examine their ancestries in sufficient detail to verify the statement. Mary Launce’s ancestry is treated with greater fullness in RD600, pp. 217, 370, etc., but still without revealing any obvious Goushill descent.
4. Turton, pp. 97, 72. Other strains of Elizabeth FitzAlan’s ancestry can also be found in this work, notably in pp. 25 (Fiennes) and 49 (Briouze). Indeed, apart from some of the ancestry deriving from one great-great-great-grandfather, Humphrey de Bohun VI (ancestor no. 48), Elizabeth FitzAlan’s earlier ancestry (generation 7 and back) is completely subsumed in that of Elizabeth, heiress of the Plantagenets.
5. See The Genealogist, 12 (1998): 254.
6. Paget, 1:79.
7. Faris, p. 145.
8. Faris, pp. 290-94.
9. Her descent from Edward I is given in Charles M. Hansen, “the descent of James1 Claypoole of Philadelphia from Edward I,” TAG 67 (1992): 97-107, at pp. 98-100; Roberts, p. 238, etc., and can also be readily assembled from Faris, 2nd ed., pp. 33-34, 144-45.
10. As pointed out by Roberts, they were each great-great-grandchildren of Edward I, and also of his brother, Edmund “Crouchback,” Earl of Lancaster.
11. Paget, 2: 401, 406, 418, 419, 447, 450.
12. Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Sevententh-Century Colonists, 2nd ed., pp. 143-45.
13. For his ancestry see Turton, p. 97. His descent from Henry III is shown in Faris, 2nd ed., 143-45.
14. Paget, 1:79, 78, 84, 87, 88.
15. Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Sevententh-Century Colonists, 2nd ed., pp. 33-34, which traces her descent from Edward I.
16. Sir Charles Clay, Early Yorkshire Families (Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series, vol. 135, 1973), 100.
17. Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Testamenta Vetusta; being illustrations from wills, of manners, customs, &c. … from the reign of Henry the Second to the accession of Queen Elizabeth (London, 1826), 94-96.
18. Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Sevententh-Century Colonists, 2nd ed., pp. 202-03.
19. Paget, 1:78.
20. Consequently, her ancestry is traced in Turton, p. 72.
21. The inquisition post mortem of her father, taken in 1283, states that she turned 1 year old on the preceding feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary (ad festum Purificationis Beatæ Mariæ Virginis proximo), i.e. 2 Feb. 1283, while that of her mother, taken in 1306, makes her 24 years old; see Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 2 vols. (London, 1865), 1:330-31, 2:706.
22. AR7, line 72; Carl Boyer, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, 54-55.
23. Boyer, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, 33-36.
24. Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 2:607.
25. CP 1:371-2; J. Horace Round, The King’s Serjeants and Officers of State, with their Coronation Services (London, 1911), 113 n. 3; Sanders, English Baronies, 111-12.
26. CP 1:241 states that he was “buried with his ancestors.” See also Douglas Richardson, posting to the Internet newsgroup soc.gen.medieval, dated 16 Feb. 2002
27. See L(indsay) L. Brook et al., Genealogie medioevali di Sardegna (Cagliari & Sassari, Sardegna, 1984), 108-9, 271-81, and the extensive and well-sourced ahnentafel for her submitted by Richard Borthwick to soc.gen.medieval, 26 Jan. 1999
28. Anthony Richard Wagner, English Genealogy, 2nd ed. (Oxford, 1972), 249, 246.
29. Paget, 1:180, gives a five-generation ancestor table for her.
30. Paget, 1:72.
31. Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 2:330-31, shows that he d. in 11 Edw. 1 (1282-83), after the Purification (2 Feb.), hence in 1283.
32. Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 1:280; Sanders, English Baronies, 125; Paget, 1:78.
33. Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 2:706.
34. AR7, line 72. Roberts, Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants, 429, shows the double descent of this brother from Henry I, King of France.
35. The relationship to Queen Eleanor is pointed out in CP 6:466 n. a. The ancestry of her brother, Guillaume, is traced in Turton, p. 167. That of her brother, Robert, is traced in Edwin Jaquett Sellers, De Carpentier Allied Ancestry (Philadelphia, 1928), pp. 62 etc.
36. Page, 1:68, gives a five-generation ancestor table for him.
37. Some of her ancestry is treated in Szabolcs de Vajay, “From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The first two centuries of the Burgundian dynasty in Castile and Leon…,” Studies in Genealogy and Family History in tribute to Charles Evans on his eightieth birthday (Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy Occasional Publications, no. 2), 366-417, at pp. 389-90, etc. There is also a five-generation ancestor table for her in Paget, 1:69.
38. Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 2:607. His parentage appears to be unknown. An unsourced posting to soc.gen.medieval by Homer B. James, dated 22 Dec. 1995
39. In the account of Badlesmere in CP (1:372) she was called “Joan, daughter of Ralph Fitz Bernard, of Kingsdown, Kent (aunt and, in her issue, heir to Thomas, [Lord] Fitz Bernard).” However, the statement is retracted in the account of Fitz Bernard (5:403, n. b), which concludes, “nor is anything known about the wife of Gunselin [sic], father of Bartholomew de Badlesmere.” Paul C. Reed, in TAG 77:145, especially n. 34, reaffirms the identification of Gunselm’s wife as Joan FitzBernard, daughter of Ralph FitzBernard and granddaughter of Thomas FitzBernard, but it is unclear to us whether this statement is based on a new evaluation of the evidence, since CP 5:398-404 is cited without comment on the retraction it supplies. According to Reed, Thomas FitzBernard was “dead by 4 December 1214,” which would place his death at least 86 years before that of his alleged granddaughter’s husband, a rather long stretch for only two generations. We believe the point requires further explanation.
40. For her ancestry see Magna Charta Sureties, 5th ed., line 144; Paget, 1:14; AR8, line 178.
41. Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 1:431, 448.
42. Boyer, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, 85-6.
43. Archivio di Stato di Torino, Scritture riguardanti il Marchesato di Saluzzo, volume 25, page 13, fascicolo [i.e. entry no.] 5, available online at http://ww2.multix.it/asto/asp/descrizione.asp?codice=35070. We owe this reference to Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands: Monferrato, Saluzzo, availabline online at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/MONFERRATO,%20SALUZZO,%20SAVONA.htm.
44. J. Horace Round, The King’s Serjeants and Officers of State, with their Coronation Services (London, 1911), 134-35.
45. Cokayne & Watson, Table 11, and Paget, 1:67, each give a five-generation ancestor table for her.
46. Paget, 1:70.
47. Paget, 1:70.
48. Sanders, English Baronies, 125.
49. Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, ed. Charles Roberts, 1:207.
50. The ancestry of her sister, Maud, is traced in Turton, p. 78.
51. As to her parentage, Turton (p. 167) calls her “____ de Condè [sic], daughter of Jacques de Condè [sic] and ____ de Roeux,” thus inserting an additional generation. Essentially the same account was given in CP 6:466, and AR7, line 152, both citing Anselme, Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, 3rd ed., 9 vols. (Paris, 1726-1733), 6:167-69. However, this identification was retracted in The Complete Peerage 14 (Addenda & Corrigenda, 1998), p. 381 (where the reference to the original passage on p. 466 was incorrectly given as p. 462), citing Joseph Noel, Grands Seigneurs d’Autrefois: Les Haut-Voués et Dames Avoueresses de Fosse (1957), p. 31, with credit for the reference assigned to Andrew Moriarty. Her parentage was also given correctly (but without documentation) many years ago in Sellers, De Carpentier Allied Ancestry, above-cited, 156-57.
52. See “Philippa van Dammartin, gravin van Gelre,” De Nederlandsche Leeuw 79 (1962): 257-62.
53. PA3 803.
54. Turton, charts 143, 137, 2.
55. CP 9:276-81; Sanders, English baronies, p. 99.
56. This family is treated in 271-81.
57. Posting by Henry Soszynski to soc.gen.medieval, dated 14 Sept. 1998 (unsourced)
58. Posting by Peter Stewart to soc.gen.medieval, dated 23 Jan. 2011
59. As pointed out in CP 10:377, n. a, s.v. Pembroke, “As Anselm [who survived his elder brother Walter, the previous holder, by not more than 30 days] died before receiving seisin, he was ignored [in an inquest of 1366], and the lands were regarded as last held by Walter.” It is perhaps for this reason that Maud was spoken of in an earlier volume (9:590, s.v. Norfolk) as heir to Walter. But she was in fact heir to Anselme. Roberts, Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants, 423, 425, 427, shows her descent from Henry I, King of France.
60. Cokyane & Watson, Table 9, and Paget, 1:65, each give a five-generation ancestor table for her.
61. J. Horace Round, The King’s Serjeants and Officers of State, with their Coronation Services (London, 1911), 133, 139.
62. Cited in Carl Boyer, 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, 220.
63. Some of her ancestry is treated in Szabolcs de Vajay, “From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The first two centuries of the Burgundian dynasty in Castile and Leon…,” Studies in Genealogy and Family History in tribute to Charles Evans on his eightieth birthday (Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy Occasional Publications, no. 2), 366-417, at p. 379, etc.
64. Sanders, English Baronies, 125. Turton, 97, has the date of his death wrong.
65. Sanders, English Baronies, 125 n. 6; AR7 line 72. Turton, p. 97, is wrong here.
66. CP 12(2):368, 2:45 (Beachamp of Kidderminster), 2:44 (Beachamp of Bletsoe); Sanders, Feudal Baronies, p. 76 (where however his parentage is incorrectly stated); Carl Boyer, 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, 15, pointing out the error in Sanders respecting his parentage (but in one place misquoting Sanders, who makes this son of Walter II de Beauchamp, not William Ii de Beauchamp.
67. Sanders, English Baronies, pp. 50-1, 94, esp. p. 50 n. 8, citing R.W. Eyton, “Pedigree of the Baronial House of Mauduit,” Herald and Genealogist, 7:385 ff. Roberts, Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants, 429, shows her descent from Henry I, King of France.
68. G.W. Watson, “The Families of Lacy, Geneva, Joinville, and La Marche,” The Genealogist 21 (1905): 1-16, 73-82, 163-172, 234-243.
69. AR7, line 123.
70. Edwin Jaquett Sellers, De Carpentier Allied Ancestry, above-cited, pp. 156-7. As previously noted, Turton (p. 167) and others erroneously made him and his wife the grandparents, rather than parents, of no. 51.
71. Jean le Carpentier, Histoire généalogique des Païs-Bas ou histoire de Cambray et du Cambresis, 4 parts in 2 vols. (Leiden, 1664), part 3, pp. 811-12; E. Warlop, The Flemish Nobility before 1300, 4 vols. (Kortrijk, Belgium: 1976), 3:668-69.
72. CP 10:15 states, “He is said to have m. Juliane.”
73. Turton, p. 137. Turton seemingly did not recognize that Gerald de Prendergast (d. 1251) and his supposed grandson-in-law Maurice FitzGerald (d. 1257) were in fact close contemporaries. Furthermore, although Turton was concerned with a different wife of Maurice FitzMaurice (whom he erroneously calls “Maurice FitzGerald”) and may perhaps be forgiven the oversight, he failed to notice the consanguinity implied by such a connection. As is evident from the chart below, it would have Maurice FitzMaurice marrying his grandmother’s sister:
Gerald de Prendergast = Maud [Fitz]Walter
[d. 1251] |
Sir John de Cogan = Marie |
Maurice FitzGerald = Juliana |
[d. 1257] | |
Maurice FitzMaurice = (1) Maud
74. Chris Phillips, Some corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage: volume 5, available online at http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/vol5.shtml, correcting both CP and Sanders, English Baronies, p. 71.
75. CP 2:448.
76. CP 12(2):247.
77. For her ancestry see Carl Boyer, 3rd, Medieval Welsh Ancestors of Certain Americans (Santa Clarita, California, 2004), 302.
78. For discussion of the date see Eugene L. Cox, The Eagles of Savoy (Princeton, 1974), 24 n. 33.
79. Posting by Henry Soszynski to soc.gen.medieval, dated 14 Sept. 1998 (unsourced)
80. E.g. Mas Latrie, Trésor de Chronologie (Paris, 1889), col. 1618.
81. CP 12(2): 748, which numbers him IV; K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday DescendantsL A Prosopography of persons occurring in English documents, 1066-1166, II. Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum (2002), p. 652, which numbers him III.
82. J. Horace Round, The King’s Serjeants and Officers of State, with their Coronation Services (London, 1911), 134.
83. Cokayne & Watson, Table 1, and Paget, 1:60, each give a five-generation ancestor-table for him.
84. Paul C. Reed, in TAG 77:139 n. 14, citing a forthcoming paper by Andrew Lewis.
85. Cokayne & Watson, Table 2, and Paget, 1:61, each give a five-generation ancestor-table for her. Christian Settipani, in a posting to soc.gen.medieval dated 4 Sept. 1998
86. G.W. Watson, “The Families of Lacy, Geneva, Joinville, and La Marche,” cited above, at pp. 5-6, justifies her double name, and presents conclusive proof as to her parentage. It is also discussed in Cokayne & Watson, table 11, and in Eugene L. Cox, The Eagles of Savoy, p. 9. Turton, table 60, and Paget 1:67, are wrong.
87. Consequently, his paternal ancestry is treated in Cokayne & Watson’s series of ancestor tables, no. 4.
88. Sanders, English Baronies, 125.
89. We have only the authority of Turton, p. 116, for this name.
90. Sanders, English Baronies, 125 n. 5, 123.
91. Boyer, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, p. 15.
92. Boyer, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, p. 15. His notation seems to suggest that there is an account of her under Mortimer, but we can find no mention of her therein.
93. Sanders, English Baronies, 50-1, 94.
94. CP 12(2):366-7; Sanders, English Baronies, 94. Roberts, Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants, 429, shows her descent from Henry I, King of France.
95. CP 5:160, especially n. f, which discusses his parentage as follows: “It is erroneously states in L’Art de Vé les Dates and elsewhere (Anselm is correct) that Raoul was a son of Hugue IX [de Lusignan]. The mistake is obvious enough, for it represents him as a youngers brother of Hugue X, who was only a child in 1200, and not married until twenty years afterwards. It arose because Raoul is frequently styled, between 1208 and 1219, brother of the Count of La Marche: and Hugue IX was supposed … to have died in 1208, whereas he lived till 1219.”
96. Sanders, p. 147.
97. She is sometimes called Mahaut de Clermont, but we have found no source for the statement, and it was not accepted by Cokayne & Watson.
98. Some authors make her the king’s daughter by his second wife, Constance of Castile, but as this woman died in 1160, this would make Alix some 18 years older than her husband, which is very improbable.
99. DNB 11:387-88; W.E. Wightman, The Lacy family in England and Normandy, 1066-1194 (Oxford, 1966), 86, 97, 178, and first folding chart at end; CP 7:676.
100. In Edward De Lacy-Bellingari, The Roll of the house of Lacy (Baltimore, 1928), 16, she is called “sister to the treasurer of York Minster,” i.e. Bevus (or Bogo) de Clare. This statement is rejected in a posting by Paul C. Reed to soc.gen.medieval dated 8 Feb. 1999
101. CP 7:676, s.v. Lincoln. The marriage date of 1221 assigned to him in CP 3:169, n. a, s.v. Chester, is thus clearly impossible.
102. For his ancestry see J. Horace Round, “The Origin of the Fitzgeralds,” The Ancestor no. 1 (April 1902): 119-26; no. 2 (July 1902): 91-98, especially p. 98.
103. CP 10:13, s.v. Offaly, citing Orpen in Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries, 1 (1914): 99-113. Turton, 1:137, misidentifies her as Catherine de Valoines.
104. Both CP and Sanders, English Baronies, 70-71, are in error concerning the early ancestry of FitzAlans of Oswestry. See Chris Phillips, Some corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage, Volume 5: FitzAlan of Oswestry, available online at http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/fitzalanofoswestry.shtml.
105. CP, 1:236-38.
106. CP 12(2):247.
107. The question is considered in William Addams Reitwiesner, “The Children of Joan, Princess of North Wales,” The Genealogist 1 (1980): 80-95, who reports (p. 93, n. 40) that “the beliefs of modern Welsh historians” favor Tangwystl. Older works, including CP (new edition) and Sanders, English Baronies, 98 n. 7, made Gwladus a daughter of Joan.
108. This family is treated in L(indsay) L. Brook et al., Genealogie medioevali di Sardegna, 66-67, 82-85, 187-97.
109. François Velde, The Enamel Plaque of Geoffroy Plantagenêt (Le Mans) (with illustration), available online at http://www.heraldica.org/topics/le-mans.htm.
110. Paget, 1:170, where four generations of her ancestry are given.
111. Domesday Descendants, p. 334.
112. Doris Grace Roth, “Robert de Quincy, eldest son of the first Earl of Winchester,” The Genealogist 5 (1984): 221-24; Domesday Descendants, p. 652.
113. CP 12(2): 747-48.
114. TG 5:223.
115. Domesday Descendants, p. 652.
116. Some earlier authorities maintain that her husband’s son Tomaso (our no. 166) was by another wife, Gertrude de Flandre; L’Art de Vérifier les Dates, quarto edition (hereafter AVD) 5:152 is of this view, and makes Gertrude his fourth wife, which is seemingly impossible. As pointed out by Cokayne & Watson, Table 11, this would have made Tomaso’s son Tomaso II a second cousin of his first wife, which is very improbable; and they favored Béatrix as Tomaso’s mother. The difficulty seems to be resolved by ES, 2nd ed. (1965-), 2:110, where Umberto’s marriages are plausibly reordered, making Béatrix the only possible mother of Tomaso.
117. G.W. Watson, “The Families of Lacy, Geneva, Joinville, and La Marche,” cited above, at pp. 5-6; Cokayne & Watson, table 11, endnotes.
118. Eugene L. Cox, The Eagles of Savoy, p. 9; but Cokayne & Watson, table 11, make her a daughter of Guy de Valperga and Beatrice Visconti.
119. For his ancestry see Lindsay L. Brook, The Genealogist 2 (1981):3-51, at p. 7. Although the name of the first wife of Isaakios, and mother of his daughter Eirene (our no. 175), is often given as his second cousin (and second cousin once removed), Eirene Komnene (e.g. in ES 2:142 and in Paget 2:477), this identification was rejected by Brook for lack of evidence.
120. CP 12(2):363-64; Sanders, English Baronies, 93-94.
121. Domesday Descendants, p. 332.
122. CP 1:22.
123. Domesday Descendants, p. 460.
124. Lambertus Ardensis, Historia comitum Ghisnensium, cap. XL (some of the statements being repeated in cap. XLVIII). The original reads: “Eustacius, cum additamento senex … filios habebat: Eustacium…, qui cum Ghisnenis Comitis Arnoldi filiam Margaretam duxisset uxorem, non relicto ex ea semine obdormivit in Domino; Ingelramum, qui cum nobilem de Tingreio Sibillam, Willelmi Faramus sororem duxisset uxorem, et ex ea Willelmum, Thomam, et Eustacium, et filias genuisset….” This account is followed correctly by Anselme, and by André du Chesne, Histoire généalogique des maisons de Guines (1631), 63-64.
125. Ibid., cap. XLVIII.
126. Contrary to the statement in Boyer, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, 106. Marguerite de Guines, who was alive in 1187, married secondly Roger I of Kortrijk, castellan of Kortrijk and of Ghent; see E. Warlop, The Flemish Nobility before 1300, 4 vols. (Kortrijk, Belgium: 1976), 3:829, 917-18.
127. Turton, p. 190, citing Chenay des Bois, Dictionnaire de la Noblesse (1863).
128. Anselme, 6:167.
129. DNB 11:387, under the account of his son, Roger de Lacy. He should not (as has sometimes been done) be called “John de Lacy,” for the Lacy name was only assumed by his son Roger, who took it upon inheriting the Lacy lands.
130. CP 10, Appendices, pp. 115, 118. Turton, 95, mis-identified her as Alice de Mandeville, apparently basing this on the incorrect statement in the DNB, 11:387, that she was “Alice de Vere, sister of William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex.” Their actual relationship would appear to have been cousins, as follows:
Aubrey de Vere II, Earl of Essex
Alice de Vere Rohese de Vere
= (2) Roger FitzRichard = Geoffrey de Mandeville,
lord of Warkworth Earl of Essex
Alice de Vere William de Mandeville
= John FitzRobert Earl of Essex
Constable of Chester
Clay, Early Yorkshire Families, 56 n. 9, questions Round’s account of the maternity of one of the other sons of Geoffrey de Mandeville, but it is not clear whether his doubt extends to the maternity of this William. Alice de Vere (the younger) presumably used her mother’s surname because her mother was of a more prominent family than her father, a practice noted by Round in his essay on “Walter Tirel and his wife,” printed in his Feudal England pp. 468-79, at pp. 475-76.6
|1||Weis, Frederick Lewis & Sheppard, Walter Lee, Jr, "Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: Lineages from Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and other Historical Individuals". p 22, 15-32; 31, 20-32.|
|2||Darryl Lundy, "thepeerage.com".|
|4||Bruce Morrison, "Goushill Tomb" (http://sites.google.com/site/goushilltomb/goushill-tomb/). http://sites.google.com/site/goushilltomb/goushill-tomb/.|
|5||Douglas Richardson, Kimball G Everingham, "Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families". p 323.|
|6||"Genealogy Page of John Blythe Dodson". http://cybrary.uwinnipeg.ca/people/Dobson/genealogy/ff/FitzAlan/FitzAlan-AT.cfm.|
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