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John Culpepper of Randolph Co., AL

Male, #31566, (1 Oct 1772 - 13 May 1855)
FatherJohn Culpepper (s 1748 - a 1772)
MotherSarah Oglethorpe (c 1750 - )
John Culpepper of Randolph Co., AL|b. 1 Oct 1772\nd. 13 May 1855|p1973.htm#i31566|John Culpepper|b. say 1748\nd. after 1772|p1306.htm#i20882|Sarah Oglethorpe|b. circa 1750|p1306.htm#i20884|||||||John N. Oglethorpe|b. before 1716\nd. after 1795|p1630.htm#i26079|Eleanor Middleton|b. circa 1720\nd. before 1768|p1630.htm#i26080|
DNA* John has been proven by DNA and genealogical research to be a descendant of Joseph Culpepper of Edgecombe Co., NC, who is a son of Robert Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, the son of Henry Culpepper of Lower Norfolk, VA. 
Birth*1 Oct 1772 John was born at Camden District, South Carolina, on 1 Oct 1772. 
Marriage*18 May 1794 He married Nancy Gillespie at Richland District, South Carolina, on 18 May 1794 at age 21. 
1800 Census*4 Aug 1800 John was listed as the head of a family on the 1800 Census at Lexington District, South Carolina.1 
1810 Census*6 Aug 1810 John was listed as the head of a family on the 1810 Census at Richland District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for are 1 male 0-10 and 1 female 16-26..2,3 
Deed*Feb 1823 He granted a deed in Feb 1823 at Edgefield District, South Carolina,

John Culpepper to Josiah Langley Sr. for $800, the tract “where I live” as granted to George Shelnut, 144 acres on Cuffeetown Creek and waters of Stephens Creek and Savannah River, adjoining said Josiah Langley and the heirs of Robert Bell. Witnesses: James Harrison, Mathew Rhodes. Nancy Culpepper gives consent.4 
Deed*Jan 1827 He was granted a deed in Jan 1827 at Monroe Co., Georgia,

Warren T. Castleberry of Newton Co. to John Culpepper, Sr. of Monroe Co. for $800: 202.5 acres in Lot 233 in District 13. Wit: Jas. Wilson, E. Dodson, J.P. Sarah Castleberry releases her dower rights.5 
DeedFeb 1828 He granted a deed in Feb 1828 at Monroe Co., Georgia,

John Culpepper, Sr. of Monroe Co. to Wm. G. Fitzpatrick for $800: 202.5 acres in Lot 223 in District 12. Wit: G. W. Elliott, John Haynes, J.P. (Then, John Dean witnesses next deed of John Chappell to Reddick Rutland).6 
1830 Census*1 Jun 1830 John was listed as the head of a family on the 1830 Census at Monroe Co., Georgia.7 
1840 Census*1 Jun 1840 John was listed as the head of a family on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Meriwether Co., Georgia.8 
Death*13 May 1855 He died at Randolph Co., Alabama, on 13 May 1855 at age 82. 
Biography* John Culpepper's Bible is believed to have existed in the early 1900's. Mrs. J. W. (Ira Gay) Deam of Gay, GA, a descendant of Joel Culpepper, John's oldest son, preserved a copy of family records which were supposed to have been in the Bible. Mrs. D. W. (Lavyn Wright) Sisco transcribed Mrs. Deam's records which began with the record of the marriage of John and Nancy (Gillespie) Culpepper followed by the note: John Culpepper was born on October 1, 1772

Full death dates were recorded for John and Nancy (Gillespie) Culpepper and all of their children except for William Henry and Lewis Peek Culpepper. A note was made after William Henry's birth record noting that he had died "1909 Randolph County Alabama." The note after Lewis Peek Culpepper's birth record read "Living in Chambers Co." So the record appears to have been copied sometime after 1909 and before 1915 when Lewis Peek Culpepper died. The Bible is not known to be in the possession of any of the descendants of William Henry or Lewis Peek Culpepper or of Mrs. J. W. (Ira Gay) Deam. There is a possibility that the Bible was still in existence 8 Oct 1942 when Rev. George Bright Culpepper wrote "ONE FAMILY - CULPEPPER" a 25 page typed, double-spaced summary of the descendants of Daniel Peek Culpepper. Rev. Culpepper wrote about Daniel Peek Culpepper's father: John William Culpepper was born in Richland District, fork of the Congaree and Wateree Rivers, South Carolina, October 1, 1772, according to the record in his family Bible, set down in his own hand.

The statement raises several questions, one of which is, did Rev. Culpepper have the Bible when he wrote this or was he working from a copy of the record or from other notes. Rev. Culpepper later made reference to "my scrapbook" which had information about the family. A granddaughter of Rev. Culpepper, Mrs. J. D. (Dorothy Culpepper) Wingfield, wrote 12 May 1993 that "I have no idea whether Geo. B. ever had possession of that bible."

A second problem is that only two copies of John Culpepper's signature are known to exist. On an 1807 bond which was included in the estate papers of Daniel Peak/Peek, John signed his name "John Culpeper" but in 1853, he signed his name "John Culpepper" on a letter to his son, Francis G. Culpepper. Otherwise the signatures are the same. Spelling was in a state of flux during John Culpepper's lifetime and it was considered a sign of education if one was able to spell the same word several different ways. But apparently, by the end of his life, John had settled on the Culpepper spelling. Neither signature had a middle initial. As noted above, Rev. George B. Culpepper specified that John's name was "John William Culpepper" "according to the record in his family Bible, set down in his own hand." But the record copied by Mrs. Deam and Mrs. Sisco gave the name as "John Culpepper." Where did the "William" come from? Joseph Richard Culpepper, a grandson of John Culpepper, had gotten a copy of a "history" that was being circulated in various branches of the family which showed that the family descended from a "John Marlo Culpeper" who was alleged to have been the John Culpeper of Culpeper's Rebellion and "first cousin to Lord Culpepper (Colepepper) who was Gov. of Virginia." The list continued down through "John William Culpepper" born "1774" a son of "Charles Marion Culpepper." Joseph Richard Culpepper puzzled over this document and did not know what to make of it. Finally, as Joseph Richard Culpepper noted in a letter to his cousin, Rev. George Bright Culpepper: I wrote to Father [Lewis Peek Culpepper] asking him to give me all the information he could relative to his father, grandfather, etc. He knows nothing farther back than his grandfather who was John instead of Charles Marion.... He says there were three brothers, John, Ben and Joseph. John was my great grandfather as was Joseph, also, on my mother's side.... John William was my father's father and your father's grandfather....

If only we had the letter that Lewis Peek Culpepper wrote to his son, we might be able to see if he had actually named his father "John William Culpepper" or if he had named both his father and grandfather "John Culpepper" and Joseph Richard Culpepper had used the "John William Culpepper" from the history in an attempt to reconcile the alleged history with what his father had written and in order to clearly distinguish his grandfather from his great-grandfather in his letter to Rev. Culpepper. In any event, the source of the name "John William Culpepper" was probably the alleged history of the family and Rev. George B. Culpepper would probably have considered Joseph Richard Culpepper's letter a confirmation of the name because Joseph Richard appeared to have been reporting information that he had gotten from his father, Lewis Peek Culpepper.

The only other indication of John Culpepper's middle name, if any, is an 1829 Upson Co., GA deed (A 434/5), in which John Jefferson Culpepper deeds land to his father for $5.00, the father's name is listed not once but three times as "John C. Culpepper." The clerk was trying to distinguish the grantor "John J. Culpepper" from the grantee "John Culpepper" and used "John C. Culpepper" to distinguish the two. Since John Culpepper, Senior was not illiterate, the "C" cannot be interpreted as his "mark." But if John Culpepper's middle initial was "C." he did not pass the name to any of his sons. And only one grandson of John Culpepper is known to have a name starting with "C," Charles William Culpepper, a son of Joel. Could John Culpepper have had a middle name of Charles? It would have been a common name for a supporter of the Stuarts but would have fallen out of favor after the Revolution.

Joseph went on in the letter to note that John Culpepper "moved from Virginia to Congaree, South Carolina and then to Edgefield [SC] and from Edgefield to Monroe County, Georgia and later to Meriwether County, Georgia, and to Randolph County, Alabama, where he died in 1855, when I was 12 years old" and not in 1852 as in the alleged history. Again it it not possible to know if Joseph Richard Culpepper was still trying to reconcile the alleged history which said that "John William" was born in Virginia with what his father had told him about the movement of the family. However, in the 1850 census of Randolph Co., AL (p. 386, family 189), John Culpepper gave his place of birth as South Carolina.

No records have been found in South Carolina for John Culpepper's presumed father, John. The elder John is believed to have lived in Camden District, SC in an area that became Richland District, SC and many early records for this district were destroyed. If the parents of John Culpepper died young, possibly before or during the Revolution, and John was their only child, then it is unlikely that any record of their existence, outside of family tradition, will ever be found.

In trying to identify where John Culpepper was born, it is necessary to look at the extant Culpepper records in districts that existed at the time of his birth. In 1769, the Province of South Carolina was divided into seven districts, three of whom have Culpepper connections: Cheraws, Camden and Orangeburg.

Cheraws District was bounded on the west by the Lynches River and the Pedee River ran through the center of it. Nancy Gillespie, who married John Culpepper, is believed to have been born in this district.

Joseph Richard Culpepper noted that "Congaree, South Carolina" was one of the places where John Culpepper had lived and Rev. George Bright Culpepper indicated that "John William Culpepper" had been born in "Richland District, fork of the Congaree and Wateree Rivers." Richland District did not exist at the time John Culpepper was born but the Congaree River was part of the Western boundary of the Camden District. The Wateree River ran through the center of the district which was bounded on the east by Lynches River and Cheraws District. The Wateree then joined with the Congaree to form the Santee River. On 3 Apr 1772, Joseph Culpepper, a presumed uncle of John Culpepper, received a grant by "George the Third... Four hundred Acres, situate in Craven County on Tom's Creek, in the fork between Santee River & the Wateree, bounding all sides on Vacant land." Tom's, Thom's or Thomson's Creek as it was known was halfway between the Wateree and Congaree near the confluence which forms the Santee river and was south of present day Columbia, SC. The land was listed as being in "Craven County." This was one of three counties established in 1682 and although it had ceased to exist in 1769, it was still used in land transactions to help specify the location of land. 22 Aug 1771, Liddy Culpepper, a presumed grandmother of John Culpepper, was granted 350 acres of land on Griffin's Creek which has not been located but was listed as being "in Craven County on the Fork of the Wateree and Congaree River." If any South Carolina land was granted to John Culpepper's father before the Revolution, no record of it has been found. If John Culpepper was born at the fork of the Congaree and the Wateree Rivers then he would have been born on the land of his presumed grandmother in Camden District, SC in an area which later became Richland District, SC and which today would be located just south of Columbia, Richland Co., SC.

After the Revolution, in 1785, counties were formed within the districts which had been defined in 1769 but the district boundaries were maintained. The area in which Joseph and Liddy Culpepper had received grants of land was then considered to be in Richland County.

In the first census of the United States in 1790, Benjamin and Joseph Culpepper, presumed uncles of John Culpepper, were the only Culpepper's listed as heads of household in South Carolina. They were both listed in Orangeburg District. This district ran southwest from the Congaree and Santee rivers to the Savannah River. John Culpepper probably moved across the Congaree River to Orangeburg District, SC with his presumed uncles and with his presumed grandmother, if she was still living. It is possible that John Culpepper was one of the three males age 16 and older recorded in Joseph Culpepper's household in the 1790 census of Orangeburg District, SC. .
In 1793, John turned twenty-one and on May 18th of the following year he married Nancy Gillespie. Presumably, they would have married in the county where Nancy was living but it is not known whether this would have been Cheraws or Camden district. Since Nancy's uncle, Daniel Peek, left an estate in what was then Richland District (Richland County was part of Camden District in 1793), it possible that the marriage took place in Richland Co., SC. Mrs. J. W. (Ira Gay) Deam preserved the following John Culpepper Bible record which was copied by Mrs. D. W. (Lavyn Wright) Sisco: John Culpepper Senior(?) and Nancy Gillespie were married on May 8, 1794, at 9:00 A.M. Cloudy, evening fair.

In "ONE FAMILY - CULPEPPER" a family summary written 8 Oct 1942, Rev. George Bright Culpepper also references the Bible record of John's marriage: According to the same record, John William Culpepper married Nancey [sic] Gillespie on May 18, 1794, the ceremony being performed by Reverend Reese, at his house on the Congaree. It was on Sunday, cloudy in the morning and fair in the evening.

Again, it is frustrating not having the actual Bible record. Which copiest made the error in the date? Was the name really "John William Culpepper"? Supporting Rev. Culpepper's version is that fact that 18 May 1794 actually was a Sunday. The location on the Congaree is logical but was it on the Richland District side or on the Orangeburg District side? What was Rev. Reese's first name and where was he located in the 1790 census? There was a Joseph Reese that had land near Joseph and Liddy Culpepper before the Revolution. The Bible records apparently also mention the exact hour of birth of each of the couple's eleven children, a penchant for detail which would continue in more than one branch of the family.

In 1785, Lexington County was one of the counties set up in the Orangeburg District. It was directly across the Congaree River from Richland County in Camden District. The county was abolished in 1791 but was reinstated as a district in 1804. John Culpepper, age 16-26, was listed as a head-of-household on the 1800 census in the Lexington portion of Orangeburg District, SC. Depending on when the census was taken, John would have been 27 or 28 years old. John was living with his wife and three sons near (1 census page after) Joseph Culpepper. There was also one girl 0-10 years of age that has not been accounted for since the first daughter born to John and Nancy's first daughter, Sarah, was not born until 1802. Since Daniel Peek Culpepper was born in April of 1800, it is possible that this was a young relative who was helping out the new mother. In a 2 Feb 1898 article about Francis Gillespie Culpepper, John Culpepper's son, which appeared in the Shiner Gazette Francis Gillespie was reported to have born in Edgefield District, SC. Francis was still living in 1898 and presumably would have been the source of this information. In addition, another son, Lewis Peek Culpepper, read this same article and found it "a tolerable correct historical account." The obituary of another son, George Washington Culpepper, also gave his place of birth as Edgefield District, SC in 1808. Edgefield District was to the west of Lexington District with which it shared half of its southeastern border. It was bounded on the southwest by the Savannah River which formed the boundary between South Carolina and Georgia. Francis Gillespie was born in 1804 and George Washington Culpepper was born in 1808 but John Culpepper does not show up in Edgefield District land records until 1814. Although the John Culpepper family appears to have been in Edgefield District at least by 1813, it is doubtful that the family was there in 1804. It is more likely that the family was still in Lexington District in the early 1800's.

A Lexington, SC researcher, Lee R. Gandee, wrote in a 23 May 1974 letter to Billy W. Dunn, that the Congaree plantations were noted for their crops of indigo and tobacco. Lee R. Gandee added: Then nearly all the people in this area pulled up and left, either to the area around Montezuma, Georgia or to Alabama--Kirkpartricks, Taylors, Fitzpatricks, Threewittses--Geigers--everybody who was anybody, for the River began destroying the low land by floods by 1800, and by 1830 the River swamps were grown up in a jungle and stagnant water made it a death-feeding pesthole of fevers as malaria and dengue-carrying mosquitoes swarmed.... Two years ago [1972], I walked 7 miles from Thom's Creek to Cayce on the Old State Road, along which these families lived, and did not pass a single house or building. It is now in huge tracts of swamp or woodland or in fields, and floods still sometimes put 15 feet of water over the old road. Just back from the river, not more than a mile or two, the poorest sand land in the county begins, and here, up from the swampy river land are the few houses that remain of the Plantation families....

By 1807, John Culpepper appears to have moved his family back across the Congaree River to Richland District, SC where he shows up in Richland District, SC estate records as an administrator of the estate of Daniel Peek, Nancy Gillespie's uncle. It is interesting to note in these estate papers that Joseph Culpepper, John's presumed uncle, signed the $20,000 Administration Bond with John. And although the name was spelled "Culpepper" throughout the documents by whomever drew up the papers, both men signed their names "Culpeper" at the bottom of the bond: ____________________________________________
Administration Bond. S O U T H - C A R O L I N A
KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, That we John Culpepper John Slappy Joseph Culpepper and George Slapy are holden and firmly bound unto James Guignard Esquire, ordinary for the district of Richland in the full and just sum of Twenty Thousand Dollars lawful money of this state, to be paid to the said James S. Guignard or his successors, ordinaries of this district, or their certain attorney or assigns. To which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, and every of us, our and every of our heirs, executors and administrators, for the whole and in the whole, jointly and severally, firmly by these presents. Sealed with our seals, and dated the fourteenth day of December in the year of you Lord one thousand eight hundred and Seven. THE CONDITION OF THIS OBLIGATION IS SUCH, That if the within bounden administrators of all and singular the goods, chattels and credits of Daniel Peak deceased, do make, or cause to be made, a true and perfect inventory of all and singular the goods, chattels and credits of the said deceased, which have, or shall come to the hands, possession, or knowledge of them the said John Culpepper and John Slappy or into the hands or possession of any other person or persons for them and the same so made, do exhibit, or cause to be exhibited into the ordinary's office of this district, at or before the first Saturday of February next ensuing. And the same goods, chattels and credits, and all other goods, chattels and credits of the said deceased, at the time of his death, which at any time hereafter shall come to the hands or possession of the said John Culpepper and John Slappy or into the hands and possession of any other person or persons for them do well and truly administer according to law. And further, do make, or cause to be made, a true and just account of their administration, at or before the first Saturday of January 1809 & afterwards whenever req[uired]. And all rest and residue of the said goods, chattels and credits which shall be found remaining on the said administrators account (the same being first examined and allowed by the ordinary of this district for the time being) shall deliver and pay unto such person or persons respectively as the said ordinary, by his decree or sentence, pursuant to the true intent and meaning of the statutes and acts of assembly, of force in this state, for the better settling of intestates' estates, shall limit and appoint. And if it shall hereafter appear, that any last Will and Testament was made by the said deceased, and the executor or executors therein named do exhibit the same to the said ordinary, making request to have it allowed and approved accordingly, if the said John Culpepper and John Slappy within bounden, being thereunto required, do render and deliver the said letters of administration, approbation of such testament being first had and made, to the said ordinary; then this obligation to be void and of none effect, or else to remain in full force and virtue. Signed, sealed and delivered,_______in the presence of______ "And afterwards whenever required" ______Interlined before signing_______/s/ John Culpeper [seal] _________________witness______________/s/ John Slappey [seal] William Guphill_______________________/s/ Joseph Culpeper [seal] Thomas Watts__________________________/s/ George Slappey [seal] Frederick Class John Wolf

John Culpepper was again listed as a head-of-household in the 1810 census of Richland District, SC. He was with his wife and a family which now included six sons and a daughter. An additional 26-45 year old woman, a 16-26 year old woman and a 0-10 year old boy were also listed in the household that year and are unidentified. Could they have included Nancy Gillespie Culpepper's mother, Elizabeth (Peek) Gillespie? Sister, Elizabeth (Gillespie) Denton was living next door with husband James Denton. At some point after this census, John Culpepper moved his family west to Edgefield District, SC. As noted above, the family might have been in Edgefield District before 1804 and then returned to Richland District for the administration of Daniel Peek's will but it is more likely that the family moved to Edgefield District after the 1810 census and possibly because of the War of 1812. A son, William Henry Culpepper, who was born 17 Oct 1813, gave his place of birth as Edgefield District, SC on a Civil War Muster Roll. This would seem to indicate that the John Culpepper family was in Edgefield District, SC by this date but John does not appear in the land records of Edgefield District, SC until Nov 1814 when he received a state grant of 138 acres on Cuffee Town Creek. The following is a Grant to John Culpepper 138 A. - Edgefield Nov. 7, 1814, from p. 278 of S. C. Archives State Grants: Vol. 59: _____THE STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA. To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: _____Know Ye, That in pursuance of an Act of the Legislature, entitled, "An Act for establishing the mode of granting the lands vacant in this state, and for allowing a commutation to be received for some lands that have been granted," and by these presents do grant unto John Culpepper his heirs and assigns, a plantation or tract of land, containing One Hundred thirty eight Acres Surveyed for William Dickson the 3rd Octr 1813, Situated in Edgefield District on Cuffeetown Creek Waters of Stevens Creek of Savannah River having such shape, form and marks, as are represented by a plat hereunto annexed, together with all woods, trees, waters, water courses, profits, commodities, appurtenances and hereditaments whatsoever thereabouts belonging: TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said tract of One Hundred & thirty eight acres of land, and all and singular other the premises hereby granted unto the said John Culpepper his heirs and assigns forever, in free and common soccage. Given under the Great Seal of the State. WITNESS, his Excellency Joseph Alstar [?] Esquire, Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the said State, at Columbia, this Seventh Day of November Anno Domini one thousand eight hundred fourteen and of the Independence of the United States of America, the thirty ninth _______________ /s/ Jos [SEAL] Alstar[?] And hath thereunto a plat thereof annexed, representing the same, certified by ___________________ /s/ William Clark Surveyor General ___________________________________________Nov. 1 1814

The land was bounded by Frederick Slappey, Matthew Bassett, and others. Cuffey Town Creek parallels the Abbeville District border. John Culpepper and his family were still living in Edgefield District, SC in 1816 when the youngest child, Lewis Peek Culpepper, was born. John does not appear as a head of household in 1820 census, but is presumed to have been living in Edgefield District, SC with his family since in February 1823, John sold 144 acres "where I now live" on Cuffee Town Creek to Josiah Langley for $800. This parcel was one granted to George Shelnut, not his own 138 acre grant, the sale of which was not recorded. It is possible that one of John's married sons or daughters had been left living on the original parcel. The lot John sold in 1823 adjoined Josiah Langley and the heirs of Robert Bell, one of whom was John Culpepper's son, John Jefferson Culpepper, who had married Bell's daughter Catherine. This appears to be the land that William Bell was living on in the 1820 census of Edgefield District, SC. Perhaps John moved his family from his Edgefield District grant land to this lot between 1820 and 1823.

John and Nancy moved to Georgia when their son, Lewis, was seven, about 1823 or 1824. This would be in line with John's sale of the 144 acres "where I now live" February 1823 in Edgefield District, SC to Josiah Langley. At least two and possibly three of John and Nancy's children moved out ahead of them. Daniel Culpepper's son, James Marion Culpepper, was born Feb 1823 and based on later census records he was born in Georgia. No records have been found showing where the family was located at the time but James Marion's son, Rev. John Butler stated that his father was born in Baldwin Co., GA. Based on later census records, Sarah (Culpepper) Elliott's daughter Cynthia was also born in Georgia circa 1823. A specific place of birth is not known. Another son, John Jefferson Culpepper, and his family might also have moved on ahead although there are no records that any children were born to them during this time period. Baldwin Co., GA would have been on the route between South Carolina and Monroe Co., GA where the family finally emerges in land records.

No records have been found in Georgia for John Culpepper or any of his children until John appears in land lottery and deed records in Monroe Co., GA in 1827. According to p. 42 of Monroe County, Georgia A History compiled and published in 1979 by the Monroe County Historical Society, Inc. in Forsythe, GA: The territory which comprises Monroe County is part of the land ceded by the Creek Nation in a number of treaties with the United States. The principal treaty was entered into at Indian Springs in the Creek Nation on January 8, 1821, between the United States, represented by Daniel M. Farney of the State of North Carolina, and David Meriwether of the State of Georgia, and chiefs, headman, warriors of the Creek Nation, in Council assembled. The land in question was all land lying east of the Flint River and running up the eastern bank of the same, along the water's edge to the head of the principal western branch, which was later named Line Creek. From the head of Line Creek the direction took the nearest and most direct line to the Chattahoochee River. It then followed the eastern bank of the Chattahoochee to the "Shallow Ford," where the boundary between the Creek Nation and the State of Georgia at the time touched the river. The Creek Nation had made many improvements in several sections of this land, and these were one thousand acres to be laid off in a square so as to include the Indian Springs in the center; six hundred forty acres on the western bank of the Ocmulgee River to include the improvements in the possession of the Indian Chief, General William McIntosh.... Within this treaty there was agreed to be paid to the Creek Nation for the cession of this land a total amount of two hundred thousand dollars in fourteen consecutive payments.... This treaty at Indian Springs was not generally accepted by Creek people since they were being gradually crowded out of the land of their forefathers. For this reason it was decreed by the Creek Nation that no further treaty would be signed with the whites unless the entire Creek Nation was in full agreement and then it was only to be signed by those appointed by the nation for that purpose. In spite of this, however, on February 12, 1825, another treaty was entered into with the Creek Nation at Indian Springs. This treaty was signed by all the chiefs and headmen of all Creek towns except those of Tohauhatchee. The land ceded in this treaty included all the land lying within the boundaries of the State of Georgia as defined by the compact.... The land was divided into five counties: Dooly, Houston, Monroe, Fayette and Henry....

3 Jan 1827, "John Culpepper Sr. of Monroe" bought 202 1/2 acres (Lot 223 Book E p. 179 witnessed by James Wilson and E. Dodson, recorded 20 Nov 1827) in the Twelfth District of Monroe County, GA for $800 from Warren T. Castleberry and sold it the next year for the same price. This would seem to show that John was already in Monroe before he bought the land. G. W. Elliott, witnessed the 1828 deed. It is not known if he was related to William Elliott, the husband of John Culpepper's daughter, Sarah. By 1830, John and Nancy had only one son, Lewis, still living at home with them in Monroe County, GA. Living nearby was Mary (Corley) Culpepper, widow of John's son, Daniel. Sometime between 1830 and 1832, John and Nancy apparently moved on to Crawford Co., GA where there sons Joel and James had been recorded in the 1830 census. "John Culpepper, Sen[ior]" of "Marshall's, Crawford" drew lot 174 in the 22nd district of section 3 of the 1832 Cherokee Land Lottery of Georgia. As a married man who was a U. S. citizen with a son under 18 years of age who was a U. S. citizen and who had lived in Georgia for three years, he would have been entitled to two draws. The land was a 160 acre lot located in the southeast corner of what was Floyd Co., GA and is now on the southern border of Bartow Co., GA near where Paulding and Cobb Co. meet the Bartow Co., line. No record has been found of John and Nancy moving to the land, nor has any record been found of the sale of the land. The family is next noted moving on to Meriwether Co., GA.

In the mid-1830's, John and Nancy Culpepper moved to Meriwether County, GA along with son, William Henry Culpepper, and his family. Another son, George W. Culpepper, was already living in Meriwether Co., GA. John and Nancy bought land there in 1838. A descendant, John William Culpepper, obtained a copy of deed F-396 in which, on 24 May 1838, Eli Peavy sold 50 acres on the north side of land lot #255 in the 8th District of Meriwether County, Georgia, containing 50 acres to John Culpepper for $35.35. John and Nancy were noted in the 1840 census of Meriwether Co., GA (p. 123, John Culpepper 1 male 60-70 with 1 female 50-60 living next to son, William H. Culpepper). The following is an account of John Culpepper as a settler in Greenville, Meriwether Co., GA which appeared in the Greenville, GA Vindicator on April 21, 1905: Nearly eighty years ago a group of hardy yeomanry settled on adjacent farms a few miles northwest of Greenville near the old Ector mill (now Maffett's). They were John, George and William Culpepper, Allen, Eli and David Peavy, Freeman Blount, Daniel Keith, Joel Sears, William Sutherland, Robert Kendrick, James Martin and the Carlisles. At that time these denizens were neither rich or very poor, but self-reliant, self-sustaining and mutually helpful in many ways. Then and in many sequent years it was customary in the country to have log-rollings, house-raisings and wheat-reapings in which the neighbors joined forces either personally or by colored proxy. In the dark hours of sickness, death, or misfortune of any kind the sympathetic hearts and hands of the neighborhood were promptly united to assist and relieve the distressed. This was especially the era of the best men and women of Georgia and from such have sprung those who have done most in the private and public walks of life to conserve true nobility of character, moral and christian civilization. John Culpepper removed in early life from Virginia [according to the 1850 census record, he was born in South Carolina and all indications are that his extended family had recently moved to South Carolina when John Culpepper was born] to South Carolina thence emigrating to Monroe county, Georgia from where he came to Meriwether locating on what is now known as the Willis Jarrell place near town. After residing here some years he disposed of his farm reinvesting in a choice plantation in Randolph county, Ala. Then he spent the remainder of his long life contentedly as he harvested luxuriant crops from the alluvial lands bordering on the Chattahoochee [read Tallapoosa River?]. He belonged to the honest primitive class of citizenry who scorned deceit, lying and trickery, esteeming true character and a good name above filthy lucre and corrupted honors. Though not a churchman, the old patriot was a firm believer in the christian religion as was attested by his conduct in the practice of its precepts. He was the father of eight sons and two daughters, all of whom located in various parts of this state and Alabama. All were substantial highly respected citizens, reflecting honor on their special callings and the name of their revered ancestor. This is a remarkable family for longevity. All attained very old age some of them having lived more than a century.

John William Culpepper also obtained a copy of deed G-458-459 dated 28 Jan 1842 in which George Washington and William Henry Culpepper sold the west half of land lot "#226" [should be 256] which they had purchased in 1838 in the 8th District containing 100 acres, to John Culpepper for $400.00. In a 25 Apr 1995 letter, John William Culpepper wrote:

The Mead Board Company currently owns [lot] 226 [256?] and part of [lot] 225 [255?]. We talked to Bill Gibbs at the Meriwether office and he could not provide any information regarding burial sites on the property, but suggested contacting Tom Brannon at their Yatesville Office in Upson County, which we did. Mr. Brannon pulled out the plat maps and we looked at them without noting any burial sites on the property....

Land Lots 225 & 226 [255? & 256?], 8th District are located approximately 2 to 3 miles northwest of Greenville, about one mile east off of Georgia Route 100 on the Jarrell road. 255 cuts across Jarrell Road.

Eleanor [Willingham] and I located a cemetery nearby lot 255 and just off of the Jarrell Road and it had a number of Peavy graves but no Nancy Culpepper.

It is not clear at what point, John Culpepper moved on to Randolph Co., AL. According to Meriwether Co., GA Deed I-392 obtained by John William Culpepper, John Culpepper and William H. Culpepper sold for $1,000 to Jacob Moon the Meriwether Co., GA District 8 lot 256 containing 202 1/2 acres which George Washington and William H. Culpepper purchased in 1838 half of which John Culpepper purchased from George Washington and William H. Culpepper in 1842. John and William H. Culpepper also sold as part of the package the 50 acres off of the north side of lot 255 which John Culpepper had bought in 1838.

The question that this raises is whether or not John Culpepper moved to Randolph Co., AL before or after Nancy's death. According to Mrs. J. (Clara Haralson) Moorcroft, writing about her grandparents in "THE WILLIAM CULPEPPER AND SALLY LESLIE FAMILY," Clara's mother, Sarah Jane Culpepper, was six years old when the William Henry Culpepper family moved with the widowed John Culpepper from Meriwether Co., GA to Randolph Co., GA. Sarah Jane Culpepper would have been six years old in 1850 and in fact both William Henry and the widowed, John Culpepper were listed in the 1850 Randolph Co., AL census. However, "William H. Culpepper" is noted in Randolph Co., AL land records in 1848. He bought or was granted 39 acres and 24 rods of land (Certificate or Warrant 10628) in the southwest part of the northeast division of Section 10 in Township 22 South, Range 10 East of Randolph Co., AL. The land appears to be to the west of Wadley about half way between the town and Pleasant Hill Church. All records on William Henry's youngest daughter, Caroline F., show that she was born in January 1849 in Alabama. This would seem to verify that the family was already in Alabama by 1849. If John Culpepper was a widower, then it appears that the William Henry Culpepper family moved to Randolph Co., AL with William Henry's father around the time that William Henry Culpepper purchased land there in Aug 1848 and after the July 1848 death of Nancy (Gillespie) Culpepper. A 78 year old John Culpepper was listed (p. 386, family 189) on the 1850 census in Randolph County, AL living nearby his son, William Henry (p. 386, family 183). John listed his birthplace as South Carolina and he owned $5,500 worth of real estate. An 8 year old grandson, Lewis W. Culpepper, a son of William Henry Culpepper, was also listed as living with his grandfather. Unfortunately no record has been found of the land that John Culpepper bought in Randolph Co., AL but based on census records it must have been very close to William Henry's land and probably at least four times as large based on the amount of real estate he was supposed to have owned. Section 11 which covers the western portion of Wadley was already accounted for by early settlers (1835 - 1837) with the exception of one 40 acre portion that William Henry Culpepper purchased in 1855 (poor ink makes the entry almost impossible to read). Section 10 where William Henry had his land seems to be similarly accounted for by people who settled in the late 1830's and 1840's with the exception of another piece of land that William Henry purchased in 1855 which was a parcel immediately north of his own land. The records of Section 3 which was immediately north of Section 11 are in many cases impossible to read because of the poor ink. The entry for John J. Culpepper's land is still legible. It is about the right size to account for the amount of property that John Culpepper owned in 1850 and it is near enough to William Henry to account for the proximity of the census records. Is it possible that John Culpepper actually owned the land that John J. Culpepper was noted with in the 1850 land record?

But according to the letter which follows, John Culpepper had broken up housekeeping by 1853. The question is then where was he living when he died. One possibility is with William Henry. The other possibility is with his daughter, Sarah (Culpepper) Elliott. The Wadley City Cemetery, which is in this grid area, was originally named the Elliott Cemetery and was presumably on land owned by Sarah (Culpepper) Elliott, John Culpepper's daughter. She is believed to have been in the area before 1855 since one of her sons married in Randolph Co., AL in 1855. Sarah was also recorded in the Almond P. O. district in the 1870 census but was not living close to her brothers. In the 1880 census, she was recorded in the Louina P. O. district whereas William Henry was in the Flatrock district. This suggests that she was probably living in the Wadley area. In the 1853 letter which follows, John Culpepper writes of trying to get some of his children to come to Randolph Co., AL. It is possible that Sarah came shortly after this and settled on land that John Culpepper had purchased and that the Wadley City Cemetery land and the land to the south of Wadley where John Jefferson Culpepper descendants were found was at one time owned by John Culpepper.

In 1853, John Culpepper wrote a letter to his son Francis G. in Lavaca County, Texas, which has been preserved all of these years by that branch of the family. He mentions various relatives but unfortunately does not tell us anything of his own ancestry. John died in Randolph County, AL, May 13, 1855.

The following is the letter that John Culpepper, living near Louina, Randolph County, AL wrote to Francis G. Culpepper who had been in Sweet Home, TX for about two years:

______________Randolphs County Ala'a, 26th June 1853
Dear Children,
I rec'd your letter, dated 7th May, on 13th June And was very happy to hear you was all well and hope these lines May still find you Likewise. I have to inform you we are (mostly) Complaining, but all up, its common in our country for complaints And many Deaths, this is 3rd Letter I have wrote, I have just return'd from An uncommon Broad (of two months) and found many of our kin poorly. I shou'd have wrote Sooner but waiting to hear from them, thinking I cou'd Give you their Situation, I find all I have heard from better, but Washingtons oldest Daughter, left this world on Wednesday night 15th last. Sick two months. While gone, I saw mostly our kind, they are something like Old times, not as much alteration as I expected, but great alteration in The Country, Crops thare is Sorry, so it is here, but Wheat is good all over. Very dry now, I have nothing more worth Notice, to inform you. I am glad to hear you are Still pleas'd with your Country, likewise Hear your Children settled near, I thought Daniel was gone. I am glad to hear of Mr. Humphries, I can't git the Boys to write no how nor no whare, Lewis is in Pike Zebulon, by promise him & wife will be Here July, Some others of our relations have promis'd to Come but uncertain. I am trying to git more of them here but don't know how it may turn. I am trading my blacks for Land and quit Houskeeping, but am Lonesom and Dissatisfi'd, Stile, but am Old and cant hear makes more difficulties. But thank God I wore out Shoes fast, and travil all the way alone. I wish to hear from you often, but I don't know how to fix it, I think the falt is In the Post Masters, your letter Lay there 11 days, you never Said anything of a change in your Post Office, this Letter comes from a new name, I understand it Sweet Home whare I have Directed this Letter. Perhaps it wou'd be something more Satisfactory to know whare your Relations Are Settled.

Joels Widow & family (John in Morgan) are at Haralson Viledge Coweta County. Daniels d[itt]o Dead, James & Caroline Talbot yet, John gone West. John Slappey is Living with your Aunt Betsy, he is mar'd got One Child.

The rest is whare you left them. I Dont know of anything more worth your Notice. Write Soon Long Coming, ____________________So Ends _________________________From your Father _____________________/s/ John Culpepper

"Washington's oldest daughter" mentioned in the letter was Nancy Louisan, daughter of George Washington Culpepper, of Meriwether Co. GA, who died June 16, 1853, at 11:25 A.M., according to the G.W.C. Bible record.

"I thought Daniel gone" refers to Daniel Fey Culpepper, the son of Francis Gillespie Culpepper. He did not leave Lavaca Co. TX until around 1900, and died shortly thereafter in Devine, TX.

"Lewis is in Pike Zebulon, by promise him & wife will be Here July" refers to Lewis Peek Culpepper, the youngest son of John W., who lived in Zebulon, GA until 1859, when he moved to Randolph Co. AL. In a letter written in the early 1900's to Rev. George B. Culpepper, a son of Lewis, Joseph Richard Culpepper, mentions going with his father to visit John Culpepper when Joseph was 12 years old, i. e., in 1853.

John Culpepper was not listed as a slave-owner in the 1850 slave schedule of Randolph County, Alabama so it is not clear when or where he got the slaves that he intended to trade "for land."

"This letter comes from Sweet Home" refers to the name that Francis Gillespie Culpepper gave to the land when he arrived in Lavaca County, TX, in the spring of 1851. According to his granddaughter, Jessie Burke Heard, "he stopped the wagons and told the people that this was the place he wanted to make his home, so he then and there named the place Sweet Home."

"Joel's widow and family (John in Morgan) are at Harelson Viledge" refers to Nancy (Corley) Culepper, widow of John's oldest son, Joel, who was in Coweta County, GA in 1850, as were her children, Charles W., Sara A. B., James Benjamin, and Elijah Milton. "John in Morgan" refers to Nancy's oldest son, John L., who was in Morgan Co. GA, and was later killed in the Civil War, at Winchester, VA, on Feb 24, 1862.

"Daniels d[itt]o Dead" is a problem. If it was a reference to his son, Daniel P. Culpepper, as a mental note before going to talk about Daniel's children, James and Caroline, then it is odd since Daniel would have been dead for over 25 years and Francis Culpepper would have known that. If it referred to the fourth son of Joel and Nancy, then it is odd that the death was not noted in the Family Bible of his sister, Mrs. I. W. (Sarah A. B. Culpepper) Sims who did note the death of her brother John in 1862. The abbreviated ditto symbol "do" is under the word Widow of the line above. Possibly the line should be read "Daniels [Widow] Dead" since Daniel's widow, Mary (Corley) Culpepper had died in 1851 the year when Francis G. Culpepper left for Texas and he might not have heard the news.

"James and Caroline Talbot yet, John gone West" refers to James Marion Culpepper and Nancy Caroline Culpepper Cooper who were children of John's son, Daniel Peek Culpepper, who had died in 1825. James and Nancy Caroline were in Talbot Co., GA in 1850. Daniel Peek Culpepper's youngest son was John Francis Culpepper who died in Johnson Co. TX in 1916.

"John Slappey is living with your Aunt Betsey." This reference is to Betsey (Gillespie) Denton Dixon, who was the sister of Nancy Gillespie Culpepper, the wife of John Culpepper. John Slappey or his wife were apparently her relatives. The Slappeys have not been located in 1850 census records.

The graves of John and Nancy (Gillespie) Culpepper have not been found although there are memorial stones for them in the cemetery of the Allen-Lee Memorial United Methodist Church in Lone Oak, GA. If, as appears to be the case, Nancy died before John Culpepper moved on to Alabama, then she probably is buried somewhere near Greenville, GA. Mrs. Eleanor (Culpepper) Willingham, in a 28 Sep 1987 letter, wrote of trying to locate the graves of John and Nancy Gillespie Culpepper. In Wadley, AL she located a "Mr. Smith" who was "over 80" and who had married a Culpepper descendant who thought that John Culpepper had lived in the neighborhood. He also spoke of a cemetery "down on the [Tallapoosa] river-which would be almost inaccessible." Mr. Smith had not heard that John and Nancy were buried there but said "it could be a possibility." Mr. Charles Lee Culpepper, Sr. wrote 4 Jul 1978: My son [Charles Lee Culpepper, Jr.] said that he went to the Court House of Randolph County, but they told him that all the records were burned during the civil war....

John William Culpepper, a great-great-great-grandson of John and Nancy Culpepper wrote about the Wadley City Cemetery in an 18 Aug 1994 letter: On one of the full length stone slabs covering one of the graves in the Wadley Cemetery, there is carving indicating the individual was buried in 1856. Many of the graves with such rock slabs have no carving. It is an old cemetery, and originally the Elliot family cemetery [John Culpepper's daughter, Sarah married an Elliott]. The grave with the carving is near the grave of Wm. Henry Culpepper [a son of John and Nancy Culpepper].
It is also possible that the unmarked graves are those of Sarah O. (Culpepper) Elliott and her daughter, Cynthia, who are supposed to be buried in the cemetery. 


Nancy Gillespie (circa 1778 - 25 Jul 1848)
Marriage*18 May 1794 He married Nancy Gillespie at Richland District, South Carolina, on 18 May 1794 at age 21. 
ChartsJohn Culpepper of Randolph AL Female Desendants
Last Edited20 Apr 2011


  1. 1800 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Township, Lexington District, SC
    Joseph Culpepper, page 560, 2 M0-10, 1 M16-26, 1 M26-45, 1 M45+, 1 F0-10, 1 F10-16, 1 F45+
    John Culpepper, page 561, 3 M0-10, 1 M16-26, 1 F0-10, 1 F16-26.
  2. P 173 (John 1m 26-45 w/5m 0-10, 2m 10-16, 1f 0-10, 1f 16-26, 2f 26-45)
    p 173 Nancy (1 of 2 females 26-45 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Joel (1 of 2 males age 10-16 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 John J. (1 of 2 males age 10-16 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Daniel P. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Sarah O. (1 female 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 Francis G. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 James I. J. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper)
    p 173 George W. (1 of 5 males 0-10 in hh of John Culpepper).
  3. 1810 Federal Census, United States.
    Columbia, Richland District, SC
    John Culpepper, page 173, 5 M0-10, 2 M10-16, 1 M26-45, 1 F0-10, 1 F16-26, 2 F26-45, 16 slaves.
  4. Edgefield Co. SC Deeds abstracted by Lew Griffin , Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.737 R2.
    Edgefield Deed Bk 43, p. 322.
  5. Abstracted by Lewis W. Griffin, Monroe Co., GA Deeds, 1822-1868, Books A-P, Salt Lake City, UT: Monroe County Superior Court, Published on Microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. Films 164,136 - 164,143.
    Book E, page 179.
  6. Abstracted by Lewis W. Griffin, Monroe Co., GA Deeds, 1822-1868, Books A-P, Salt Lake City, UT: Monroe County Superior Court, Published on Microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. Films 164,136 - 164,143.
    Book E, Pages 238-239.
  7. 1830 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 194, Unk Twp, Monroe Co., GA (ID: 31566)
    John Culpepper, 1 M10-15, 2 M15-20, 1 M50-60, 1 F50-60.
  8. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 123, Unk Twp, Meriwether Co., GA
    John Culpepper, 1 M60-70, 1 F50-60.

Joseph Richard Culpepper

Male, #31567, (circa 1795 - 17 Dec 1876)
FatherJoseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC (s 1746 - a 7 Aug 1820)
MotherAnn Theiler (c 1749 - a 7 Aug 1820)
Joseph Richard Culpepper|b. circa 1795\nd. 17 Dec 1876|p1973.htm#i31567|Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC|b. say 1746\nd. after 7 Aug 1820|p845.htm#i13518|Ann Theiler|b. circa 1749\nd. after 7 Aug 1820|p401.htm#i6408|||||||Hans J. Theiler|b. 1713\nd. 1778|p400.htm#i6399|Magdelena Belon|b. 1710|p400.htm#i6400|
Extinct Surname?* The family branch headed by Joseph Richard Culpepper is believed to have no living male descendants with the Culpepper surname. If you know otherwise, please contact Warren Culpepper using the link at the bottom of this page. 
Birth*circa 1795 Joseph was born at Orangeburg District, South Carolina, circa 1795. 
1800 Census4 Aug 1800 Joseph was probably a free white male, under 10 years old, in Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC's houseshold on the 1800 Census at Lexington District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for are 1 male 0-10, 1 male 16-26, 1 male 26-45, and 1 female 0-10..1 
1810 Census6 Aug 1810 Joseph was probably a free white male, age 10 and under 16, in Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC's household on the 1810 Census at Abbeville District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for are 2 males 16-26..2 
War of 1812*between 1813 and 1814 He served in the War of 1812 between 1813 and 1814
(See biography). 
Marriage*Mar 1817 He married Silvia Geiger at Lexington District, South Carolina, in Mar 1817.3 
Deed25 May 1818 He was granted a deed by Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC and Ann Theiler on 25 May 1818 at Abbeville District, South Carolina,

State of South Carolina Abbeville District This indenture made this twenty fifth day of May one thousand eight hundred and eighteen Between Joseph Culpepper and Ann Culpepper (formerly Geiger) of the District and State aforesaid of the one part and Joseph Richard Culpepper of the same place of the other part

Witnesseth, That the said Joseph and Ann for and in consideration of the natural love and affection which they have and bear towards the aforesaid Joseph Richard Culpepper the son of said Joseph and also for the further consideration of Ten dollars to them paid by the said Joseph Richard Culpepper; have given granted aliened and transferd and by these presents do give grant alien and transfer to the said Joseph Richard Culpepper all and Singular the Lands Tenements negroes goods and chattels now owned by and in the possession of said Joseph and Ann his wife,

to wit, a Tract of Land lying in Abbeville District aforesaid whereon the said Joseph now lives containing three hundred and eighty acres more or less; also sundry Negroe Slaves of different ages and Sexes; also, all the Stock of every kind , Household furniture and plantation tools; and also, the future increase of those Negroes aforementioned which are now computed to the number of twenty two or three all of which negroes goods and Chattels are particularly specified in a schedule thereof hereto annexd, as part of this deed; as also, whatever Lands goods and Chattels and negroes the Said Joseph may hereafter acquire and die possessed of agreeably to the provisoes and reservations herein after expressed. To have and to hold all and singular the Lands negroes goods and chattels abovementioned, with all the rights members and appurtenances to the Said Joseph Richard Culpepper his heirs and assigns forever --

Preserving Nevertheless to the Said Joseph Culpepper and Ann his wife during their lives or the life of the survivor of them the free and undisturbed possession use and enjoyment of all and Singular the Lands negroes goods and chattels abovementioned also reserving the right of Discharging all liens debts and demands which the said Joseph may now be liable to.

It is also further agreed on and understood, between the parties to these presents that a certain little negro girl by the name of Cynthia of the number of the above mentioned negroes is now to be hereby given by the said Joseph and Ann his wife, and received and held, by the said Joseph Richard Culpepper in Trust for and for the use of his little daughter Sarah Ann Culpepper and to her heirs forever and in case the said Sarah Ann should die under the age of twenty one years and without issue of her body then and in that case the said Girl Cynthia is to be held in the same manner for the said Joseph Richard's next oldest daughter.

In Testimony of the foregoing we the Said Joseph and Ann have jointly and severally put our hands and affixed our Seals the day and date above-mentioned.

Joseph Culpepper (seal)
Ann (her mark) Culpepper (seal)

Witnesses: Jefferson L. Edwards [sic], William Y. Glover

South Carolina Abbeville District -- Personally appeared Jefferson L. Edmonds [sic] who on his oath saith that he saw Joseph Culpepper and Ann his wife sign and execute the within Instrument of writing for the purposes therein mentioned and that William Y. Glover together with himself signed his name as a witness to the proper execution thereof. Sworn to the 22nd Sept 1818 before Charles Callayson, J. P.

Schedule of all and Singular the Lands negroes goods and chattels within and contained in the deed to which this is annexed; To Wit, Old Ben & wife Silvia, Cyrus, Joe, Nat, Ben (the younger); Tressy, Doncilla, Agga, Dilea, Anson, Nathan, Tallerand, Nalso, Tom, Will, Betty, Cynthia, & Mary. Horses, cows, hogs, sheep, articles of Household and Kitchen Furniture, consisting of Beds, Tables, etc etc.4 
1820 Census7 Aug 1820 Joseph was probably a free white male, age 16 and under 26, in Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District, SC's household, on the 1820 Census at Abbeville District, South Carolina. Unaccounted for is 1 male 26-45 and 1 female 26-45..5 
1830 Census*1 Jun 1830 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1830 Census at Pike Co., Georgia. Unaccounted for is 1 Male 20-30..6 
Land Lottery*1832 He had a fortunate draw in the land lottery in 1832 at Pike Co., Georgia,
lot 241/8/4 in what became Murray Co., GA.7 
Event-Misc*25 Jan 1836 He on 25 Jan 1836 at Pike Co., Georgia, Sheriff's oath.8
Joseph Richard Culpepper's Sheriff's Oath
Joseph Richard Culpepper's Sheriff's Oath
Indian Wars*1836 He served in one of the Creek and Seminole Indian Wars in 1836
(Second Creek Indian War. See biography.). 
1840 Census*1 Jun 1840 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Pike Co., Georgia.9 
1850 Census*1 Jun 1850 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1850 Census on 1 Jun 1850 at Pike Co., Georgia.10 
1860 Census*1 Jun 1860 Joseph was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census at Pike Co., Georgia.11 
1860 Slave Census*1 Jun 1860 Joseph was listed as a slave owner on the 1860 Census at Pike Co., Georgia, and owned Jospeh owned 1 slave and Silvia owned 2 others in this county..12 
1870 Census1 Jun 1870 Joseph listed as a household member living with Mary Ella Jane Lifsey on the 1870 Census at Pike Co., Georgia.13 
Death*17 Dec 1876 He died at Pike Co., Georgia, on 17 Dec 1876. 
Biography* Joseph Richard Culpepper was the son of Joseph Culpeper. 14"
     Since the marriage of Joseph's known wife, Ann Theiler, was her third, and since she is known to have had a child by her first husband by 1772, it is thought that she would have been past her childbearing years in 1795, the presumed year of Joseph Richard Culpepper's birth. However, no evidence has been found to show that Joseph Culpeper had another wife. Assuming that Ann was approximately the same age as Joseph Culpeper, or a little older, she would have been in her early to mid 50's when Joseph Richard Culpepper was born. And, although it is unusual for a woman to have a child at that age, there are precedents and there is no evidence that Joseph Richard had any younger brothers or sisters. Joseph Richard Culpepper is believed to have been born in the Lexington area of Orangeburg District, SC since that is where his father was noted in the 1790 census. The family was also noted in this same area in the 1800 census.
     Since his father was also named Joseph, Joseph Richard Culpepper went by his middle name, Richard, or, when he was younger, by the nickname "Dickey." Even after his father's death, when Joseph Richard began using his first name, he still signed his name Joseph Richard Culpepper. Joseph Richard's father, Joseph, died after 1807 and before the 1810 census. It is not known if Joseph Richard's family moved to Abbeville District, SC before or after Joseph's death. The family of "Joseph" Culpepper was noted in the 1810 census of Abbeville District,SC but the oldest male noted was 16 to 26 years of age. Joseph Richard Culpepper would have been 15 years old at most but if Joseph had still been alive at the time of the census, he would have been in his 60's.
     Joseph Richard Culpepper would have been approximately 17 years old when the War of 1812 began. On December 10, 1813, at the age of 18, he enlisted in Abbeville District, SC as a replacement for someone who had been drafted 15 He enlisted as Richard Culpepper, but applied for his bounty land and pension as Joseph R. Culpepper. Joseph was a private in the company of South Carolina Militia commanded by Captain John Hatter, in the regiment commanded by Colonel Youngblood. According to the pension record, the company "was marched to the burnt church near Beaufort in the state of South Carolina where they were stationed until near the close of their service." Joseph Richard served until March 15, 1814. Then, for two months in the Fall of 1814, Joseph Richard served as a corporal in the company commanded by Z. Meriwether in the regiment commanded by Col. Austin. This was the same company in which Joseph Richard's cousin, Joel, son of Benjamin, was serving as a 2nd Sergeant.
     After his service, Joseph Richard would have returned home, presumably to Abbeville District, SC. Then, in March of 1817, he married Silviah Geiger in Lexington District, SC. 15 Joseph Richard Culpepper would have been approximately 22 years old. The couple returned to Abbeville District, SC and settled down to raise a family. They were living across the county line from John Culpepper and his family and the families are known to have visited. 16
     Joseph Richard Culpepper is next noted in the 1820 census of Abbeville District, SC with his wife and two young daughters. Two older males and two older females were also noted in the household but have not been identified.
     On 7 Jul 1823, Richard Culpepper was named an adminstrator of the estate of Bejamin Chiles, whose will was dated 2 Aug 1822 in Abbeville District and proved 16 Aug 1822. 17
     In 1829, Joseph Richard moved his family to Pike County, GA. 18 They were among the first white settlers there. He was still going by the name "Richard Culpepper" but, in the early 1830's, he started using the name "Joseph R. Culpepper." 19 In the 1830 census of Pike Co., GA, Joseph Richard Culpepper was noted with his wife and young family of five daughters. There was also a 20-30 year old male living in the household who has not been identified.
     In May of 1836, Joseph Richard volunteered for three month's service in the Creek War which he called the "Florida War."20 He served as a private under the command of Captain Berry E. Lynch in the Georgia Regiment of Mounted Infantry commanded by Thomas Beale. After completing his service, Joseph Richard returned home. He would have been in his early 40's and it was possibly around this time that he served as High Sheriff of Pike Co., GA, an occupation which was noted in his obituary.
     Joseph Richard was recorded in the 1840 census of Pike Co., GA with his wife and three of their daughters. Four of the daughters married in the late 1830's and in early 1840. It is possible that the daughter that married in 1840 was recorded as living at home for the purpose of the census. There was also a 60-70 year old male living in the household, who has not been identified. In 1850, Joseph Richard was the census taker for his district. He recorded himself with his wife and youngest daughter in the 1850 Pike Co., GA census.
     September 28, 1850, Congress passed a "Bounty Land" act and Joseph Richard applied for land based on his service in the War of 1812 and in the Creek War. In a September 6, 1852 follow-up letter in Joseph Richard Culpepper's pension file, he noted that he was "entitled to 40 Acres for my serves in the Florida war [i.e., the Creek War] under Captain B. E. Lynch." The letter was written from Zebulon, GA. Joseph Richard Culpepper was apparently granted the land which he then sold. Then, in 1856, Joseph Richard Culpepper assigned power of attorney to Barnabas Strickland to see if he had a survivor's claim against the government for service by his father, Joseph, in the Revolutionary War.
     Joseph R. Culpepper and his wife were noted in the 1860 Zebulon, Pike Co., GA census. He was 65 years old and his real estate was valued at $1,000 and his personal property was valued at $2,982.
     Joseph Richard's wife of 49 years died in 1866 and, in 1870 census records, a 75 year old Joseph R. Culpepper was noted living with his daughter, Mrs. W. N. (Mary E. Culpepper) Lifsey, and her family. Congress passed an act dated February 14, 1871 which authorized pensions for survivors of the War of 1812 and, in 1871, Joseph Richard Culpepper submitted an application. 21 The first pension voucher was apparently issued in December of 1875. Joseph Richard Culpepper died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Lifsey, a year later. According to his obituary, he had been a Mason for 50 years and they had a procession at his funeral. 


Silvia Geiger (4 May 1800 - 29 Apr 1866)
Marriage*Mar 1817 He married Silvia Geiger at Lexington District, South Carolina, in Mar 1817.3 
ChartsJoseph Richard Culpepper Descendants
Last Edited11 Jul 2011


  1. 1800 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Township, Lexington District, SC
    Joseph Culpepper, page 560, 2 M0-10, 1 M16-26, 1 M26-45, 1 M45+, 1 F0-10, 1 F10-16, 1 F45+
    John Culpepper, page 561, 3 M0-10, 1 M16-26, 1 F0-10, 1 F16-26.
  2. 1810 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Township, Abbeville District, SC
    Joel Culpepper, page 55, 3 M0-10, 1 M26-45, 1 F16-26, 1 F26-45, 0 slaves
    Joseph Culpepper, page 55, 1 M10-16, 2 M16-26, 1 M45+, 1 F45+, 23 slaves.
  3. Barbara R. Langdon, compiler, Edgefield Co., SC Marriages, 1769-1880: Implied in Edgefiled Probate RecordsLangdon, 1990, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Book 975.737 V2L.
    Joseph R. Culpepper and ___ Geiger, Lived 1838 (Box 16, Pack 561, Frames 057).
  4. SC Miscellaneous Records, Columbia Series; (n.p.:, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. Film 22,668.
    Volume D, p. 57-58.
  5. 1820 Federal Census, United States.
    Unknown Townships, Abbeville District, SC
    Joseph Culpepper, page 3, 1 M16-26, 1 M26-45, 1 M45+, 2 F0-10, 1 F16-26, 1 F26-45, 1 F45+, 24 slaves.
  6. 1830 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 113, Unk Twp, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 1 M20-30, 1 M30-40, 1 F0-5, 1 F5-10, 3 F10-15, 1 F20-30.
  7. James F. Smith, compiler, Georgia Cherokee Land Lottery, 1832, Online database at, 2000.
    Joseph R. Culpepper, Crows District, Pike Co., GA, drew lot 241/8/4 in what became Murray Co., GA, 1832.
  8. E-mail written 2003 -2011 to Lew Griffin from Barbara Angeline Slade Dayhuff, e-mail address.
    from Pike County Superior Court Minutes - 1823-1840.
  9. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 120, District 581, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 1 M40-50, 1 M60-70, 1 F5-10, 1 F10-15, 1 F15-20, 1 F30-40.
  10. 1850 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 204B, District 68, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 54, M, Laborer, SC
    Silviah Culpepper, 50, F, SC
    A. S. C. Culpepper, 19, F, GA.
  11. Page 1, Zebulon PO, Pike Co., GA (ID: 31567)
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 65, M, SC
    Sylviah Culpepper, 60, F, $1000/$2982, SC
    Harriet C. Rucker, 37, F, Domestic, -/$60, SC (sister of Joseph)
    Francis C. Rucker, 13, M, GA
    Harmon A. Rucker, 11, M, GA
    Eudora E. Rucker, 9, F, GA
    Saloma R. Rucker, 3, F, GA.
  12. 1860 Federal Census, United States.
    Slave Schedule, Pike Co., GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper owned 1 slave: 50M
    Sylviah Culpepper owned 2 slaves: 6F, 3F.
  13. 1870 Federal Census, United States.
    Pages 183A-B, Family 1013, McDowell Twp, Pike Co., GA
    Mary E. Lifsey, 43, F, Keeping House, $700/$200, SC
    William Lifsey, 13, M, GA
    Caroline Lifsey, 10, M, GA
    Izora Lifsey, 8, M, GA
    Joseph R. Culpepper, 75, M, SC.
  14. From a record in Joseph Culpeper's Revolutionary War Pension File R. 2565 in which "Joseph R. Culpepper" authorizes Barnabas Strickland to prosecute a claim "for services rendered by my Father Joseph Culpepper in defense of his country in the war of the Revolution as Lieutenant in the Cavalry Company commanded by Capt. Alexander, belonging to the Brigade commanded by General Sumter.
  15. War of 1812 pension file SC-12308
  16. Joseph Richard Culpepper (grandson of this Joseph Richard Culpepper) letter to Rev. George Bright Culpepper circa 1910-1915
  17. Willie Pauline Young, Abstracts of Old Ninety-Six and Abbeville District Wills and Bonds, as on file in the Abbeville, SC Courthouse, Vidalia, GA: Georgia Genealogical Reprints, 1969.
  18. obituary, Christian Index and Southwestern Baptist, 28 Jun 1877
  19. "Richard Culpepper" was noted in the 1829 Pike Co., GA Tax Digest in "Captain McDowel's" District. Later listings (1831, 1834, 1835, 1837, 1838) were for "Joseph R. Culpepper."
  20. from an 1852 letter preserved in the War of 1812 pension file SC-12308
  21. No. 15520