Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   

Croatia Page - Hrvatski Page 
dug živ Hrvat!

(Also includes N.E. Yugoslavia and Southern Hungary)

Many genealogy records on Croatia and Yugoslavia call the area HUNGARY.
Even my own grandmother's Ellis Island (New York) records say she was from Hungary, because at that time before World War One, it was governed by Austria-Hungary.

Some early records also refer to this area as AUSTRIA. One person who entered the USA in 1910 was listed at Ellis Island as: Josip Jauck of Kuzelj Austria. Kuzelj is in present day Croatia, next to Skrad Croatia, and I believe this was my grandfather's red-haired brother Joseph, who came to the USA and later returned to Croatia.



The Croatian telephone listings are finally online, 
so it is now possible to see where the Jauk's are still living.

[Photo of Skrad] I found 63 households listed publicly, and I see that most are still at or near Tusti Vrh and Skrad.
These are listed below by their closeness to Tusti Vrh.
Rijeka is a half-hour west, and Zagreb is an hour to the east.
Banjaloka Slovenia is 10 minutes to the north.

I would better understand how these family are related if I had more details. Birthdates and middle names would also be very helpful...

Telephone* Last First Address Town
385-51-81 08 22, JAUK, ALBINA, TUSTI VRH 2, TUSTI VRH
385-51-81 08 31, JAUK, RUDOLF, TUSTI VRH 8, TUSTI VRH
385-51-81 07 48, JAUK, JOSIP, TUSTI VRH 10, TUSTI VRH
385-51-81 07 81, JAUK, ANA, PLANINA SKRADSKA 16, PLANINA SKRADSKA
385-51-81 07 63, JAUK, JOSIP, GORANSKA 10, SKRAD
385-51-81 03 14, JAUK, ANKA, GORANSKA 32, SKRAD
385-51-81 06 39, JAUK, MATIJA, TUSHKA 5, SKRAD
385-51-81 03 08, JAUK, BOZHIDAR, SELSKA 31, SKRAD
385-51-81 01 15, JAUK, JOSIP, NASELJE V.NAZORA 34, SKRAD
385-51-81 02 17, JAUK, MARIJA, DIVJAKE 2, DIVJAKE
385-51-81 16 76, JAUK, ZHELJKO, GRABANJ 8, DELNICE
385-51-81 20 73, JAUK, BOZHIDAR, GORANSKA ULICA 18, DELNICE
385-51-81 25 12, JAUK, ZLATKO, JAPLENSHKI VRH 11, DELNICE
385-51-83 70 24, JAUK, BRANKO, RAVAN 4, BROD NA KUPI
385-51-83 52 76, JAUK, IVAN, BELO SELO 25B, BELO SELO
385-51-82 11 64, JAUK, BOGUMIR, IVANA GORANA KOVACHICh9A,CHABAR
385-51-81 72 07, JAUK, IVAN, SUNGER 12, BROD MORAVICE
385-51-81 70 98, JAUK, ROZALIJA, VELE DRAGE 8, VELE DRAGE
385-51-81 72 77, JAUK, BRANKO, MORAVICHKA SELA 18, 51326 JAKSHIChI
385-51-81 72 83, JAUK, SONJA, MALE DRAGE 2, MALE DRAGE
385-51-87 90 58, JAUK, EUGEN, SENJSKO 101, VRBOVSKO
385-51-87 52 37, JAUK, IVAN, I.G.KOVACHIChA 91, VRBOVSKO
385-51-81 82 80, JAUK, EMILIO, I.GORANA KOVACHIChA 102, RAVNA GORA
385-51-81 75 96, JAUK, VILKO, KUPJAK 128, KUPJAK
385-51-79 83 55, JAUK, EMINA, STRANCHE 7, TRIBALJ
385-51-76 66 11, JAUK, VLADIMIR, KRASICA 227, KRASICA
385-51-76 53 37, JAUK, ERMINA, SHET.I.JELICHIChA 13, SELCE
385-51-62 63 03, JAUK, BOSILJKA, DOBRISHE CESARIChA 5, RIJEKA
385-51-51 51 79, JAUK, BOZHIDAR, ANTE KOVACHIChA 22, RIJEKA
385-51-51 24 63, JAUK, IVAN, OSJECHKA ULICA 44, RIJEKA
385-51-42 26 47, JAUK, EUGEN, DRAGA GERVAISA 21, RIJEKA
385-51-34 42 70, JAUK, VLADIMIR, IVANA FILIPOVIChA 6, RIJEKA
385-51-25 58 19, JAUK, VLATKO, KUCHIChKI PUT 1D, RIJEKA
385-51-26 62 48, JAUK, ARKO, SHKURINJSKIH ZHRTAVA 4, RIJEKA
385-51-26 75 10, JAUK, ANTON, NEGRIEVA ULICA 12, RIJEKA
385-51-28 86 17, JAUK, LJUBICA, ZHUKNICA 40, ZHUKNICA
385-51-25 60 89, JAUK, RUDOLF, JURASHI 48, VISHKOVO
385-51-22 49 45, JAUK, BRANKO, RUBESHI 170, RUBESHI
385-51-71 56 42, JAUK, BOZHIDAR, SV. FLORIJANA 1A, OPATIJA
385-1-225 9 91, JAUK, ANTUN, KOSOROVA 9, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-373 83 07, JAUK, ANDRIJA, TRESHCHAKOVEC 7, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-383 71 01, JAUK, FRANJO, POLJANA J.BRUNSHMIDA 8, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-376 90 42, JAUK, IVAN, VINOGRADSKA CESTA 98, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-667 22 30, JAUK, IVAN, SHISHIChEVA 18, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-345 63 87, JAUK, MARIJA, GAJNICE 3, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-363 70 09, JAUK, MIROSLAV, BOZHIDARA RASHICE 1, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-464 96 49, JAUK, STANISLAV, CRVENOG KRIZHA 17, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-619 07 75, JAUK, VLADO, VESLACHKA 2, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-611 48 81, JAUK, ZLATA, ALEXAND.VON HUMBOLDTA 14, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-292 35 14, JAUK, ZLATKO, POLJANICE PRVE 13, 10000 ZAGREB
385-1-275 31 83, JAUK, BOZHIDAR, PROZORSKA 179, 10370 PROZORJE
385-1-200 97 89, JAUK, NENAD, IMUNOVIChEVA 3, 10360 SESVETE
385-98-20 39 30, JAUK, BLAZHENKA, J.GOTOVCA 22, SESVETE
385-23-26 84 65, JAUK, DRAGO, POLJANA 152A, POLJANA
385-33-77 16 34, JAUK, IVICA, PETRA PRERADOVIChA 96, SUHOPOLJE
385-33-55 30 59, JAUK, ZHELJKO, KRALJA ZVONIMIRA 162, SLATINA
385-40-68 21 71, JAUK, JULIJE, RUDGERA BOSHKOVIChA 1A, KOTORIBA
385-42-35 14 71, JAUK, DUSHKO,DIPL.E, MATIJE GUPCA BB, KUChAN MAROF
385-44-67 41 25, JAUK, JOSIP, RADNICHKA BB., 44323 RAJICh
385-44-67 62 41, JAUK, ZVONKO, ANTUNA MIHANOVIChA 46, 44322 LIPOVLJANI
385-52-66 33 22, JAUK, GORDANA, ULICA MATKA LAGINJE BB, BUZET
385-52-43 43 21, JAUK, SONJA, LIJECHN, CRESKA 30, PORECH
385-21-50 17 02, JAUK, MIRA, MOSEChKA 20, SPLIT

Note: Five Croatian letters do not display well on foreign computers, and are easily confused in other languages. These were changed to their phonetic equivalents, as is commonly done. Æ [C~] was written as CH È [C'] was written as Ch Ð [+D] was written as DG Š [S~] was written as SH Ž [Z~] was written as ZH


  • Skrad and Tusti Vrh (Vrh means mountaintop)
  • Tusti Vrh - homestead of Matija(Mathias) and Josipa(Josephine) Jauk, is a small village, on a mountaintop (el. 3000 ft), and is 2 miles away from the town of Skrad.
    [Photo of Skrad]Skrad is the hometown of Karolina Abromivic, and is by comparison, in a valley, but this is actually a mountain pass or plateau between peaks at (el. 2000 ft.).

    Tusti Vrh and Skrad are both about 5 miles from Croatia's northern border with Slovenia, and about 35 miles inland from the northern seaport of Rijeca. A county map that helps put this in perspective is available here. Also, a very good closeup map that shows Skrad and the terrain of the mountains in the area is available here (enlarged), or here (smaller but navigable).

    Thanks to Dr. Mario Zagar of the University of Zagreb, we have access to his photos of the Skrad/Tusti Vrh area in Gorski kotar (Gorski county), Croatia. Dr. Zagar is from the nearby town of Kupjak. Five other towns very close by are: Ravna Gora, Mrkopalj, Lokve, Delnice, and Brod Moravice. Click on any of these colored words for pictures and more information. The Gorski kotar link contains many other photos of towns and attractions of the area.


     About Matija Jauk (c.1850)...

    The oldest known Jauk in my Croatian line goes back to Matija Jauk, born about 1850, and his brother Marko, who lived in Tusti Vrh, near Skrad, in Gorski Kotar (county).
    Matija was my Great Grandfather, (shown here with his wife, my great grandmother Josipa). Matija most accurately translates to Mathias.

    Matija is buried in the Skrad cemetery; His headstone is shown being visited by his grandson Matija (son of Johanna) in 1974. This grandson is also at times called Matic(meaning Matthew). Matija is a variation of Matic, just as Mathias is a variation of Matthew.


    Were Jauk Settlers in Croatia before 1850?

    An Email from Tatjana, whose grandmother was from Fuzine (near Tusti Vrh) said that there were early Jauk settlers in Croatia. She said there is a history book of names in Gorski Kotar (county).
    [ Author: Antun Buric', Rijeka 1979 ]  
    According to Tatjana: [with Notes by Larry]...
         First, he describes the history of Gorski Kotar:
         The area was devastated and uninhabitable for centuries 
         due to Turkish raids. 
         After the Turks were contained (the end of 17th C.), the area 
         was newly settled by people moving in from different parts 
         of Europe. As you probably know, in most German lands only 
         one son inherited the land, and the rest, war or no war, 
         had to look for another place to live. 
         Now, for the Jauks: 
            1st Jauk in Gorski Kotar: Joannes Jugh, Tusti Vrh, 1670.  
    	    [NOTE: 'gh' would be pronounced like the letter 'k']
    	Then, Matthaeus Giauk, in Tusti Vrh 1732
      	    [NOTE: Giauk was probably pronounced like Jauk or Yauk     ]
    	    [      Giauk and Jugh are probably the same family as Jauk ]
    	There is in Turan 1734, Georgius[George] Jauk 
    	    [NOTE: There are two Turan towns. One is 30 miles west 
    		   of Tusti Vrh, one is ~30 miles east of Tusti Vrh]
    	and in Tusti Vrh 1735, Thomas Jauk. 
     
    Thank You, Tatjana!


    Why were the Jauk's / Jauch's in Croatia?

    In earlier centuries, this area was part of Austria and Germany, so it was not surprising for Austrians or Germans to move there. After the land was overrun by Ottoman Turks, and then liberated by Austria Hungary, it was mostly void of people. The Austrian leadership at Graz ordered the area populated as much as possible to keep the Turks from returning. Some were given land in exchange for military service as part of the "Military Frontier", (and we know that Matija Jauk of Tusti Vrh served in the Austrian army).

    My mother remembered hearing my Grandfather, George Jauk saying that before moving to Croatia, the Jauk family was German.
    Many settlers in Croatia were of German descent. Most of these were Danube area Germans, called Swabian Germans or "Donauschwaben".

    The Donauschwaben migration was a large-scale migration of individuals and families from German-speaking states to the areas of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire reconquered from the Ottoman Empire during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. These settlers came from areas of the ancient Suebi (Swabian) and Alemannic regions, and encompassed portions of modern Baden-Württemberg, Alsace, Lorraine, Switzerland, Austria, and other places in the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Rhineland-Palatinate.


    Other Mathias Jauk's ?

    Knowing how Europeans often named their children after themselves, their parents, and their aunts and uncles, I also looked thru LDS records for other Mathias Jauk's in history.
    It may be that my gr-grandfather Mathias Jauk(~1850) of Tusti Vrh was descendent of, or related to, one or more of the following people. This may also suggest the origin of the Jauk family before Croatia:

    Matthias JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Birth: 19feb1601 Herbolzheim, Freibg., Baden
    
    Matthaeus JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Birth: 8sep1609 Herbolzheim, Freibg., Baden
    
    MATHIAS JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Marriage: 10jul1691 Katholisch, Deislingen, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
    
        [Note: Schwarzwaldkreis means Black Forest Township.
               Also, this town of Deislingen also had a surname spelling 
               variation that was pronounced the same as Jauch or Jauk. 
               That spelling was Jaugh, and is very close to the early Tusti Vrh
               settler ( Joannes Jugh ) ]
         MARTIN JAUGH,   Gender: M 
         Christening: 18 Aug 1861 Katholisch, Deislingen, Schwarzwaldkreis, 
                      Wuerttemberg 
    
    Mathias JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Christening: 19feb1742 Katholisch, Blitzenreute, Donaukreis, Wuerttemberg
    
    Mathaeus JAUCH - Ancestral File (AFN: XWTV-00) Sex: M
    Birth: 6sep1792 Waldmoessingen, Schwarzwald, Wuertt, Germany
     http://www.familysearch.org/Search/af/ancestral_file_frame.asp?recid=23432280
     (shows pedigree back 3 generations, all from Schwarzwaldkreis)
    
    Mathias JAUK - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Birth: 29apr1814 Gleisdorf, Steiermark, Austria
    
    MATHAEUS JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Marriage: 23apr1819 Katholisch, Dotternhausen, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
    
    MATHIAS JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Marriage: 2sep1823 Katholisch, Bochingen, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
    
    MATTHAEUS JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Marriage: 20apr1833 Katholisch, Bochingen, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
    
    Mathias JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Christening: 15feb1834 Katholisch, Altheim Biberach, Donaukreis, Wuerttemberg
    
    Mathias JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Marriage: 3jun1851 Katholisch, Harthausen, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
    
    Mathias JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Marriage: 18oct1852 Katholisch, Gremmelsbach, Villingen, Baden
    
    Mathias JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Marriage: 1jun1853 Katholisch, Beuren Ueberlingen, Konstanz, Baden
    
    Matthias JAUCH - International Genealogical Index, Gender: M 
    Christening: 9apr1857 Katholisch, Altheim Biberach, Donaukreis, Wuerttemberg
    
    Matyas JAUCH - b. < 1865 Kernyaja, Hungary [now YUGOSLAVIA]
         +Catharina HAHN{Jauch}, b. 17may1869 Kernyaja, Married: 13nov1894 at Kernyaja 
    


    Jauch's of the Danube Area of 'old' Hungary (eastern Croatia)

    There were several towns containing Jauch's that were tightly grouped around the Danube River, in an area called 'Hungary' before World War One. These towns are at most 45 miles apart, and are in present-day Eastern Croatia, Western Yugoslavia, and extreme southern Hungary. All of these families may be related to each other. And my own family at Skrad Croatia appears to be very possibly related to them.

    One of these Jauch families (of Ernestinova Croatia ) said they came from the present-day German state of Baden-Würtemberg due to extreme poverty in Germany. Then after the Second World War they were forced to emigrate back to Germany and settled in East-Germany.

    Another of these Jauch families traces it roots back to the town of Bochingen, Schwarzwaldkreis, Würtemberg/Germany. [Schwarzwaldkreis means Black Forest Township.] Their Yugoslavian town had at least 14 names, with Kernyaja, Kernei, Kernai, and Kernau being the most common. This town is in Bács-Bodrog county, Hungary (now Yugoslavia).

    Adam Jauch, b. abt. †1730 (†=R.Cath christening date)
    +Johanna {Glück}Jauch, b. abt. 1732
    had 1 or more children: