The Chinese Surnames appear in the Pinyin transliteration with numerical
tones. They are also shown in the spellings that have been adapted as the
form of names in countries that use the Roman alphabet. Note that names
were often transliterated depending on the dialect of the Chinese speaker
as well as the customs of the host country. Until recently, most overseas
Chinese originated from Southern dialect areas with transliterations
greatly at variance with the Northern dialect, on which Pinyin is based.
Also, in countries such as the United States, people sometimes
used "Paper Names", often not even based on their own surname. In addition,
owing the the fact that the Chinese place their surname first and given name
last, some people go by a last name that was originally their own or an
ancestor's given name.