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from http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/enroll/cherokee/index.htm

 

Dawes Cherokee Enrollment Cards - Final Rolls

 

Surname Given Middle Type Age Sex Blood Card Roll Misc

The National Archives and Records Administrations has entered all the names (including parents) from the Dawes enrollment cards for the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Delaware, Mississippi Choctaws (also rejected), and Seminole tribes.

These records denote whether the record is from a "By Blood(BB)", "Minor(M)", or "Newborn(NB)" Dawes card. "Parent(P)" is the name listed as the parent on the Dawes card.

 

Information listed

 

* Last, First, and Middle Names.

* Type. The type of card. This is either a "By Blood (BB)", "Doubtful (D)", "Minor (M), "Newborn (NB)", or "Rejected (R)" card.

"MCR" refers to a Mississippi Choctaw Rejected card. "P" means the person is listed as a parent on the Dawes cards.

* Age and Sex.

* Card. This is the Dawes cards number, not the roll number.

* Roll. This is the Dawes roll number.

* Misc. Sometimes the Post Office or Residence. You need to see the actual card to determine which.

 

Bowen n Anna P F R216

Bowen Cain H P M M2077

Bowen Clara P F M294

Bowen Clara A BB 24 F 1/4 4181 10077 FAIRLAND

Bowen Dora A P F M4001

Bowen Elias P M M294

Bowen Iva May M 2 F 1/16 M2077 2574 MULDROW

Bowen James L P M M4001

Bowen Lillie J M 1 F 1/16 M2077 2575 MULDROW

Bowen Lydia M P F M2077

Bowen M A M 3 M NR M4001 NR YOAKUM

Bowen Moses M R 57 M IW R216 AFTON

Bowen Othel M M 2 F 1/8 M294 274 FAIRLAND

Bowen R N M 1 M NR M4001 NR YOAKUM

Bowen Sanford M BB 1 M 1/8 4181 10078 FAIRLAND

Bowen Seymour C M 9 M NR M4001 NR YOAKUM

Bowen Thelma E BB 1 F 1/8 4181 10079 FAIRLAND

Bowen W A M 8 M NR M4001 NR YOAKUM

Dawes Commission of 1896
From the Dawes Roll Index:

 

BOEN/BOWEN

* Julia Ann Boen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Mary Boen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Nancy Jane Boen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Rosa Boen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Sarah Boen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Eliza Jane Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Elizabeth Jane Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* George W. Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* George Washington Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* James Spencer Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Jessie Anderson Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Jessie Anderson Bowen Jr. - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Leona May Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Nancy Barthena Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Polly Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Polly Cooper Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Rosa Evelin Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* Rosa Isabel Bowen Higgins - Choctaw - Case #1418

* W. H. Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

* William Houston Bowen - Choctaw - Case #1418

 

BOWEN

 

* R. J. Bowen - Cherokee - Case #1888

* Willie Bowen - Cherokee - Case #2590

* William J. Bowen - Cherokee - Case #2748

* Ellis T. Bowen - Cherokee - Case #3024

* Rees T. Bowen, Jr. - Cherokee - Case #3024

* Stuart Bowen - Cherokee - Case #3024

* Thomas P. Bowen - Cherokee - Case #3024

* William Bowen - Cherokee - Case #3436

* Jefferson David Bowen - Cherokee - Case #3470

* Thaner Bowen - Cherokee - Case #3470

* William R. Bowen - Cherokee - Case #3855

DAWES COMMISSION INDEX, 1898-1914

 

A. M. Bowen - Cherokee - #2077 - age 5 residing in Yoakum

Allen Bowen - Cherokee - #2078 - parent

Anna Bowen - Cherokee - #2079 - parent

Cain H. Bowen - Cherokee - #2080 - parent

Dora A. Bowen - Cherokee - #2081 - parent

Iva May Bowen - Cherokee - #2082 - age 2 residing Muldrow

James L. Bowen - Cherokee - #2083 - parent

Lillie J. Bowen - Cherokee - #2084 - age 1 residing Muldrow

Lydia M. Bowen - Cherokee - #2085 - parent

M. A. Bowen - Cherokee - #2086 - age 3 residing Yoakum

Moses M. Bowen - Cherokee - #2087 - age 57 residing Afton - REJECTED

R. N. Bowen - Cherokee - #2088 - age 1 residing Yoakum

Seymour C. Bowen - Cherokee - #2089 - age 9 residing Yoakum

W. A. Bowen - Cherokee - #2090 - age 8 residing Yoakum

 


Control Number NRFF-75-53A-CHEROKEE(M4001)

Media Textual records

Descr. Level Item

Record Group 75

Series 53A

Item CHEROKEE(M4001)

Title Enrollment for Cherokee Census Card M4001

Creating Org. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes.

Scope & Content Name: A M Bowen

Type: Minor

Age: 5

Sex: Male

Degree Indian Blood: Not reported

Roll Number: NR

City of Residence: Yoakum

 

Name: Dora A Bowen

Type: Parent

Sex: Female

 

Name: James L Bowen

Type: Parent

Sex: Male

 

Name: M A Bowen

Type: Minor

Age: 3

Sex: Male

Degree Indian Blood: Not reported

Roll Number: NR

City of Residence: Yoakum

 

Name: R N Bowen

Type: Minor

Age: 1

Sex: Male

Degree Indian Blood: Not reported

Roll Number: NR

City of Residence: Yoakum

 

Name: Seymour C Bowen

Type: Minor

Age: 9

Sex: Male

Degree Indian Blood: Not reported

Roll Number: NR

City of Residence: Yoakum

 

Name: W A Bowen

Type: Minor

Age: 8

Sex: Male

Degree Indian Blood: Not reported

Roll Number: NR

City of Residence: Yoakum

 

Variant Control# NRFF-75-53A-2077

Variant Control# NRFF-75-53A-2081

Variant Control# NRFF-75-53A-2083

Variant Control# NRFF-75-53A-2086

Variant Control# NRFF-75-53A-2088

Variant Control# NRFF-75-53A-2089

Variant Control# NRFF-75-53A-2090

 

 

 

 

 

Commonly called the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, the Dawes Commission was appointed by President Grover Cleveland in 1893 to negotiate with the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole tribes. In return for abolishing their tribal governments and recognizing state and federal laws, tribe members were allotted a share of common property.

 

The Dawes Act

February 8, 1887

Congressman Henry Dawes, author of the act, once expressed his faith in the civilizing power of private property with the claim that to be civilized was to "wear civilized clothes...cultivate the ground, live in hous es, ride in Studebaker wagons, send children to school, drink whiskey [and] own property."

(U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. XXIV, p. 388 ff.)

An act to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to Indians on the various reservations, and to extend the protection of the laws of the United States and the Territories over the Indians, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted, That in all cases where any tribe or band of Indians has been, or shall hereafter be, located upon any reservation created for their use, either by treaty stipulation or by virtue of an act of Congress or executive order setting apart the same for their use, the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, authorized, whenever in his opinion any reservation or any part thereof of such Indians is advantageous for agricultural and grazing purposes to cause said reservation, or any part thereof, to be surveyed, or resurveyed if necessary, and to allot the lands in said reservations in severalty to any Indian located thereon in quantities as follows:

To each head of a family, one-quarter of a section;

To each single person over eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section;

To each orphan child under eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section; and, To each other single person under eighteen years now living, or who may be born prior to the date of the order of the President directing an allotment of the lands embraced in any reservation, one-sixteenth of a section; . . .

 

SEC. 5. That upon the approval of the allotments provided for in this act by the Secretary of the Interior, he shall . . .

declare that the United States does and will hold the land thus allotted, for the period of twenty-five years, in trust for the sole use and benefit of the Indian to whom such allotment shall have been made, . . . and that at the expiration of said per iod the United States will convey the same by patent to said Indian, or his heirs as aforesaid, in fee, discharged

of such trust and free of all charge or encumbrance whatsoever: . . .

SEC. 6. That upon the completion of said allotments and the patenting of the lands to said allottees, each and every member of the respective bands or tribes of Indians to whom allotments have been made shall have the benefit of and be subject to the l aws, both civil and criminal, of the State or Territory in which they may reside; . . .And every Indian born within the territorial limits of the United States to whom allotments shall have been made under the provisions of this act, or under any law or t reaty, and every Indian born within the territorial limits of the United States who has voluntarily taken up, within said limits, his residence separate and apart from any tribe of Indians therein, and has adopted the habits of civilized life, is hereby d eclared to be a citizen of the United States, and is entitled to all the rights, privileges, and immunities of such citizens, whether said Indian has been or not, by birth or otherwise, a member of any tribe of Indians within the territorial limits of the United States without in any manner impairing or otherwiseaffecting the right of any such Indian to tribal or other property .. .

Reprinted from the International Journal on World Peace (1993)

"...the real aim of [the Dawes Act] is to get at the Indians land and open it up for resettlement." - Senator Henry M. Teller, 1881

The United States Government has been trying unsuccessfully to register Native American Indians for over a hundred years. The infamous Dawes Act of 1887 was the first such effort on a large-scale. The purported aim of the Act was to protect Indian pro perty rights during the Oklahoma Land Rush. By registering, Indians were told, they would be allotted 160 acres of land per family in advance of the Land Rush and thus be restituted for 100 years of genocide against them.

The purpose of the Dawes Act, ostensibly to protect Indian welfare, was viewed with suspicion by many Indians hurt by government's clumsy relocation efforts of the past. Indians who had refused to submit to previous relocations refused to register on t he Dawes Rolls for fear that they would be caught and punished.

To get on the Dawes Rolls, Native Americans had to "anglicize" their names. Rolling Thunder thus became Ron Thomas and so forth. This bit of "melting pot" chicanery allowed agents of the government, sent to the frontier to administer the Act, to slip t he names of their relatives and friends onto the Dawes Rolls and thus reap millions of acres of land for their friends and cronys.

The abuses of the Dawes Act were revealed and set forth in the Miriam Report of 1928. A Group of 1001 Native Americans and prominent citizens were charged by Congress to look into widespread allegations of corruption and abuse of the Dawes Act. The 800 page report documented massive fraud and misappropriation by the very government agents sent to administer the Act. It was found in one state alone that Indian held land, which totaled 138 million acres in 1887 at the time the Dawes Act was signed into l aw, had been reduced to 47 million acres of land by 1934 when the Act was repealed.

The Miriam Report led to the repeal of the Dawes Act although repeal did not mean that land obtained thru fraud was restored. The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, written specifically to indemnify Native Americans for the abuses of the Dawes Act simp ly "grandfathered in" the existing deeds and that was that.

As compensation, Indians were to benefit from a credit fund designed to encourage small businesses and self-sufficiency. The government stepped up efforts to recruit Natives into posts in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, set up an Indian Court system to d eal with non-federal crimes, and established a mechanism for Indians to pool their land, purchase new parcels and own land as a corporate entity.

By 1954, it had become clear that the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 was failing. Implementation of the Act was plagued by the same incompetance and corruption created by the Dawes Act.

from : http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jamarcus/dawes.html

 

Source Information:

United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Applications From the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Muskogee Area Office, Relating to Enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes Under the Act of 1896, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington: 1992.

More about the Dawes act and the Dawes roll

http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Cabin/5804/lessons.htm

http://www.dickshovel.com/cleansing.html

http://www.tulsalibrary.org/collections/genealogy/rolls-text.htm

 

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